IBM BladeCenter Fundamentals Introduction

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After completing this unit, you should be able to:

List the major elements common to the IBM BladeCenter

Describe the key aspects of compatibility between BladeCenter models

Identify the components providing redundancy in the BladeCenter chassis

Match the power components necessary to support varying BladeCenter resource configurations

List the power input requirements for the BladeCenter models

Describe the common cooling components used in the BladeCenter chassis

Describe the supported disk configurations for the BladeCenter S

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IBM BladeCenter Fundamentals Introduction

  1. 1. IBM BladeCenter Fundamentals Introduction 5.3
  2. 2. Unit objectives After completing this unit, you should be able to: • List the major elements common to the IBM BladeCenter • Describe the key aspects of compatibility between BladeCenter models • Identify the components providing redundancy in the BladeCenter chassis • Match the power components necessary to support varying BladeCenter resource configurations • List the power input requirements for the BladeCenter models • Describe the common cooling components used in the BladeCenter chassis • Describe the supported disk configurations for the BladeCenter S 2
  3. 3. Dynamic infrastructure: Key points • Enables visibility, control, and automation across all business and IT assets • Transforms assets into higher value services • Highly optimized to achieve more with less • Addresses the information challenges • Leverages flexible sourcing like clouds 3
  4. 4. Dynamic infrastructure: IBM BladeCenter • Reduce cost – x86 industry-leading performance, virtualization, energy efficiency, and scalability • Manage risk – Resilient architectures and management tools for security and high availability • Improve service – Performance to drive new demanding application workloads 4
  5. 5. BladeCenter chassis components • BladeCenter chassis • BladeCenter chassis midplane • Power • Cooling • Unit summary 5
  6. 6. IBM BladeCenter family BladeCenter chassis by model and type IBM BladeCenter E IBM BladeCenter H IBM BladeCenter HT IBM BladeCenter S Highest density, super power efficient       IBM BladeCenter T Highly rugged, Telco, AC/DC, NEBS, air filtration Ultra high performance, and I/O flexibility Highly rugged, Telco, AC/DC, N EBS, air filtration Extending the benefits of BladeCenter outside the datacenter 7U design Up to 14 blade bays Up to 4 switch fabrics Low cost Low power Support 10 GB Uplinks  Support 8 Gb FC        8U design Up to 8 blade bays Up to 4 switch fabrics AC or DC models NEBS compliant Rugged Support 10 GB uplinks  Support 8 Gb FC  Telco, military, dirty floor         9U design Up to 14 blade bays Up to 10 GB midplane I/O flexibility up to 8 switch bays Support 3 0mm blades w/ up to 8 ports Support 10 GB Ethernet Support 8 Gb FC Support 4x InfiniBand            12U design Up to 12 blade bays AC or DC models I/O flexibility up to 8 switch bays NEBS compliant Rugged Up to 10 GB midplane Support 10 GB Ethernet Support 8 Gb FC Support 4x InfiniBand Telco, military, dirty floor       7U design Up to 6 blade bays Integrated storage Up to 3 switch fabrics Lowest cost Lowest power (100 240v)  950w/1450 AC autosensing  Support 10 GB Uplinks  Support 4 GB FC Common blades, common switches, common management 6
  7. 7. Chassis: IBM BladeCenter E • 7U rack based mechanical • One Midplane board – Interface for major system components – Divided into top and bottom halves – Each half of the midplane is part of a redundant pair • Front of chassis – 14 hot-swap blade server bays – One front control panel/media tray • LED panel • Media tray – One USB port – One DVD-RW • Rear of chassis – Four switch module bays – Two management module bays – Four hot-swap power supply module bays – Two hot swap blowers 7
  8. 8. IBM BladeCenter E: Front view Over-Temp Information System error Location Power USB port Recess for chassis service label DVD-RW drive Blade server filler Front panel LEDs and USB port CD-ROM drive Diskette drive 7U Blade server 8
  9. 9. IBM BladeCenter E: Rear view Power Module Bay 3 with PFA Switch Module Bay 1 Power Module Bay 1 with PFA Switch Module Bay 3 Hot-Swap Management Module (Optional) Hot-Swap Redundant Management Module Switch Module Bay 4 Power Module Bay 2 with PFA Switch Module Bay 2 Power Module Bay 4 with PFA IBM Calibrated Vectored Cooling Hot-Swap Redundant Blowers with PFA LED Panel 9
  10. 10. IBM BladeCenter E: Rear view (new chassis) IBM BladeCenter E with 2320W Power Supply Modules 10
  11. 11. Chassis: IBM BladeCenter T • 8U and 28 inches deep • Supports up to eight blade servers – Up to four double slot blade servers • Hot swappable media tray – 24X DVD/CD drive – Telco alarm panel – Two USB front inputs • Supports up to two management modules • Four front load balancing and failover 1300W AC or DC power supplies – Each power supply contains two fans and a LED panel • • • • Four rear I/O modules Four rear blower modules KVM module LAN module 11
  12. 12. IBM BladeCenter T: Front view Management Module 1 Management Module bay 2 Power Module 2 Power Module 1 From top to bottom Blade servers 1-8 Power Module 3 Power Module 4 ESD connector Media tray Front panel 12
  13. 13. IBM BladeCenter T: Rear view I/O Module 2 I/O Module 1 Blower Module 1 Blower Module 2 AC-power connectors (8730) or DC-power connectors (8720) Blower Module 3 Blower Module 4 I/O Module 4 ESD connector I/O Module 3 KVM Module LAN Module 13
  14. 14. Chassis: IBM BladeCenter H • 9U and 28 inches deep • Supports up to 14 30 mm blades • Customer serviceable, hot swappable media tray • 9.5 mm combo drive (CD/DVD) – Two USB front inputs – Full light path diagnostics panel • Rack mounted on rails • Four front load 2900W power supplies – Each power supply includes a replaceable fan pack with three fans 14
  15. 15. IBM BladeCenter H: Front view Two bays for Hot-Swap Redundant 2900 Watt Power Supply with PFA and three replaceable fans each 9U Hot-Swap Media Tray with DVD, 2 USB, and LightPath Diagnostics Panel Support for up to 14 Blades Two bays for optional Hot-Swap Redundant 2900 Watt Power Supplies with PFA and three replaceable fans each 15
  16. 16. IBM BladeCenter H: Rear view Redundant Power Input High Speed Switch Module Bays Redundant Power Input Hot-Swap Advanced Management Module (AMM) Switch Module Bay 1 (dedicated Ethernet) Dedicated Bridge Module Slot Switch Module Bay 3 (or Bridge Slot) (Optional) HotSwap Redundant Advanced Management Module (AMM) Switch Module Bay 2 (dedicated Ethernet) Dedicated Bridge Module Slot Switch Module Bay 4 (or Bridge Slot) LightPath Diagnostics Panel Aggregated Serial Connector IBM Calibrated Vectored Cooling Hot-Swap Redundant Blowers with PFA High Speed Switch Module Bays 16
  17. 17. Chassis: IBM BladeCenter HT • 12U and 27.8 inches deep • Supports up to 12 blade servers – Up to six double slot blade servers • Support up to two media trays – Full Light Path Diagnostic panel – Two USB front inputs • Support up to four front 3160W AC or DC power supplies with load balancing and failover – Each power supply contains a replaceable fan pack with three fans • • • • Four I/O module bays Four high-speed I/O module bays Four rear blower modules Supports up to two multiplexer expansion module 17
  18. 18. IBM BladeCenter HT: Front view Power Module 1 Media tray bay 1 Management Module 1 Power Module bay 3 High-speed I/O Module bay 7 High-speed I/O Module bay 8 I/O Module bay 3 I/O Module bay 1 ESD connector From left to right Blade servers 1-12 I/O Module bay 2 I/O Module bay 4 Management Module 2 High-speed I/O Module bay 9 Media tray bay 2 High-speed I/O Module bay 10 Power Module 2 Power Module bay 4 18
  19. 19. IBM BladeCenter HT: Rear view Network-clock bay 2 Power connector 1 Power connector 3 Network-clock bay 1 Multiplexer expansion module 1 Fan Module 3 Fan Module 1 Fan Module 4 Fan Module 2 Multiplexer expansion module 2 Alarm panel module Power connector 2 Serial connector Power connector 4 Alarm panel interface connector 19
  20. 20. Chassis: IBM BladeCenter S • Supports up to six 30 mm blades • Hot swappable media tray – Light Path Diagnostics panel – Combo drive (CD/DVD) – Two optional battery backup units – Two USB 2.0 ports • Two 950-watt/1450 auto-sensing power supplies – Express model comes with four 950watt/1450 power supplies • Four hot-swap fan packs • Two optional integrated Disk Storage Modules (DSM) – Up to twelve 3.5-inch HS HDDs per shuttle • One Advanced Management Module 20
  21. 21. IBM BladeCenter S: Front view Ideal for tiered workloads; SAS and SATA disks can be mixed in BladeCenter S using RAID 0, 1, and 10 7U Easy access to shared USB ports and UltraBay Battery Backup Units for use with IBM BladeCenter SAS Connectivity Module Ideal for business-in-a-box configurations, legacy & future servers supported 21
  22. 22. IBM BladeCenter S: Rear view Power Supplies 3 and 4 are optional, Autosensing b/w 950W 100/110V or 1450W 220/240v Four hot-swap fan pack standard BladeCenter S Express Model AMM standard Serial module option Top and bottom right: I/O modules Bottom left: For future use Power Supplies 3 and 4 are included in Express, Auto-sensing b/w 950W 100/110V or 1450W 220/240v 22
  23. 23. IBM BladeCenter chassis: Comparison BladeCenter E (M/T 8677) BladeCenter T (M/T 8720 -DC) (M/T 8730 -AC) BladeCenter H (M/T 8852) BladeCenter HT (M/T 8740 -DC) (M/T 8750 -AC) BladeCenter S (M/T 8886) Chassis height 7U / 12.0” (305mm) 8U / 13.75” (349mm) 9U / 15.75” (400mm) 12U / 21.0” (/528mm) 7U / 12.0” (306.3mm) Chassis depth 28 “ (711mm) 20.0” (508mm) 28.0” (711mm) 27.8” (706.0 mm) Max number of blade servers 14 8 14 12 6 Max number of I/O Modules (Switch, and bridge) 4 4 10 (4 x high speed, 4 x standard, 2 x bridge) 8 (4 x high speed, 4 x standard or 2 x bridge) 3 Power supply size (standard) 2000 Watts AC (2320 Watts optional) 1300W DC, -38V to 75V (-48V nominal); 1300W AC 2900 Watts AC 2535W DC (60A) 3160W DC (75A) 2800 Watts AC 950W/1450W AC auto-sensing Number of Power Supplies (standard/ maximum) 2/ 4 2/ 4 2/ 4 2/ 4 2/ 4 Number of Blowers (standard/ maximum) 2/ 2 4/ 4 2/ 2 4/ 4 4/ 4 Diskette Drives (standard) None (early models contain 1.44 MB drive) None None None None DVD/CD drives standard 1x DVD-ROM (in Media Tray) 1x DVD-ROM (in Media Tray) 1x DVD-ROM (in Media Tray) None 1x DVD-ROM (in Media Tray) 28.9” (733.4mm) 23
  24. 24. BladeCenter chassis components • BladeCenter chassis • BladeCenter chassis midplane • Power • Cooling • Unit summary 24
  25. 25. BladeCenter: Interior view Upper Upper midplane half Processor blade connectors Lower midplane half Lower BladeCenter H example 25
  26. 26. BladeCenter: Midplane Power module connector Power module connector Blade power connector Media tray connector Blade power connector Power module connector Power module connector BladeCenter H example 26
  27. 27. BladeCenter chassis components • BladeCenter chassis • BladeCenter chassis midplane • Power BC-E Power Module • Cooling • Unit summary BC-H Power Module 27
  28. 28. IBM BladeCenter E: Power components Power supply: • 2000 W or 2320 W AC/DC hotswap redundant power modules Optional Power Supplies 3 and 4 Power Supplies 1 and 2 – Maximum of four power modules supported – AC and DC LEDS on each power module • 200-240 V AC (range: 180-265 V AC) – Load balancing across all power supplies – Built-in overload and surge protection – Cooling is provided by the host system Left Redundant Pair  Optional  Operate as redundant pair  Provides redundant power for blades 7-14  Load balancing power supplies Right Redundant Pair  Standard with chassis  Operate as redundant pair  Provides redundant power for chassis modules and blades 1-6  Load balancing power supplies 28
  29. 29. IBM BladeCenter E: Specifics and considerations • Two power supplies in bays 1 and 2 standard • Two 9ft IEC 320-C13 to C14 or two IEC 320-C19 to C20 cables for intra-rack power distribution) • Max: four hot-swap power supplies • Rear access • 2000 or 2320 watts at 220v • Both redundant (N+N redundancy) / two std modules supply power to all modules and blade bays 1 through 6 • Power for bays 7 through 14 requires two additional power modules in bays 3 and 4 (redundant to each other) • Voltage-sensing • Auto-restart • No fans power in module(s) IBM BladeCenter E Power Supply C19 to C20 Power Cord 29
  30. 30. BladeCenter H: Power components BladeCenter H power supplies • Each vertical pair is N+N redundant Power Connector 2 Power Connector 1 30
  31. 31. BladeCenter H: Power modules • Power module bays – Maximum of four per chassis – Two ship standard with the chassis 31
  32. 32. IBM BladeCenter T: Power components • • • • Two power supplies in bays 1 and 2 standard Max: Four hot-swap power supplies Front access Two IEC320 for the M/T 8720 (DC power) – Input voltage range -48V - 60V (Min/Max) at 50/60Hz – IBM BladeCenter T 8720 should be attached to the appropriate DC wiring • Two IEC320 for the M/T for the 8730 (AC power) – Input voltage range 180VAC - 264VAC (Min/Max) at 50/60Hz – IBM BladeCenter T 8730 should be attached to high-voltage PDUs • C14 male appliance connector • 1300 watts • Two standard modules (in slots 1 and 2) supply power to switch bays 1 and 2, both management modules, blade bays 1 - 4 and media tray • Two additional power modules provide full system redundant power and power to switch bays 3 and 4, and blade bays 5 - 8 All: Load balancing / voltagesensing / auto-restart IBM BladeCenter T DC power supply IBM BladeCenter T AC power supply 32
  33. 33. IBM BladeCenter HT: Power components • Two standard power supplies ships with the BladeCenter • Max: four hot-swap power supplies • Front access • IBM BladeCenter HT 8740 (DC Power Input voltage range -48VDC to -60VDC (Min/Max) • IBM BladeCenter HT 8750 (AC Power input voltage range -48VDC to -60VDC (Min/Max) at 50/60Hz • Redundant within pair (N+N redundancy) / power modules 1 and 2 support blade bays 1- 6, all legacy switch and bridge modules, upper and lower media trays, both advanced management modules, multiplexer expansion modules and alarm panel module • Power modules 3 and 4 support blade bays 7-12 and all high speed switch modules • Auto-restart • Three fans per power module IBM BladeCenter HT Power Supply 33
  34. 34. IBM BladeCenter S: Power components • Two standard power supplies ships with the BladeCenter • Maximum four hot-swap • Rear access • 1450 watts at 220V • 950 watts at 110V • Redundant within pair (N+N redundancy) • Voltage-sensing • Auto-restart • Two fans per power module • Modules 1 and 2 standard • Modules 3 and 4 required with 2nd Storage module installed 34
  35. 35. BladeCenter chassis components: Cooling • BladeCenter chassis • BladeCenter chassis midplane • Power • Cooling • Unit summary 35
  36. 36. BladeCenter E: Cooling subsystem • Two blowers – Capable of 325 cubic feet per minute (CFM) each – 150 CFM each in standard operation • Hot swap, redundant • Air flow is from the front to rear • Fan speed control • Predictive blower failure by monitoring the blower RPM • Back flow dampers shall be incorporated to prevent air short circuiting if one blower fails 36
  37. 37. IBM BladeCenter H: Cooling subsystem Hot-swap customer serviceable fan packs BladeCenter H front chassis Hot-swap customer serviceable fan pack Hot-swap customer serviceable AC blower units BladeCenter H rear chassis IBM BladeCenter H blower 37
  38. 38. IBM BladeCenter T: Cooling subsystem • • • • • • • • • • Four blowers comes standard Maximum four 3+1 redundancy configuration Calibrated vectored cooling Hot-swap Redundant Variable speed Rear access 330 cubic ft per min (CFM) Front to back airflow; filtered air intake BC T Rear Chassis BC T Blower Unit (1) of (4) 38
  39. 39. IBM BladeCenter HT: Cooling subsystem • • • • • Four hot-swap blowers standard/Maximum N+1 cooling redundancy Speed controlled according to ambient air temperature Rear access Front to back airflow 39
  40. 40. IBM BladeCenter S: Cooling subsystem • Four hot-swap fans standard • N+1 redundant cooling airflow • Throttled according to incoming air temperature • Rear access • Front to back airflow 40
  41. 41. Key words • Advanced Management Module (AMM) • Concurrent Keyboard, Video and Mouse (cKVM) • Disk Storage Module (DSM) • Dynamic Infrastructure (DI) • Keyboard, Video, Mouse (KVM) • IBM BladeCenter E (Enterprise) • IBM BladeCenter H (High Performance) • IBM BladeCenter HT (High Performance Telco) • IBM BladeCenter S (Simplification) • IBM BladeCenter T (Telco) • Local Area Network (LAN) • Network Equipment Building System (NEBS) 41
  42. 42. Checkpoint (1 of 3) 1. The IBM BladeCenter contains a redundant circuit path to connect all blades servers to the AMM and switching fabric through which of the following: a. Blade servers are interconnected by a system of shielded cabling b. A Midplane, with redundant upper and lower halves, connects all blade servers and provides a path to the switching modules c. Each blades server is independently connected to the AMM and switching modules 2. True/False: The Midplane for the BladeCenter H contains only the new highspeed 4x signaling fabric connectors. 3. The IBM BladeCenter E Chassis supports up to 14 Blade Servers. With Power Supplies 1 and 2 installed, which blade servers, switch modules and management modules will receive power? a. All fourteen Blade Server slots, all four switch module slots, the two blowers, the two management module slots and the media tray. b. Blade Server slots 1 through 6, all four switch module slots, the two blowers, the two management module slots and the media tray. c. Blade Server slots 1 through 6, switch module slots one and two, one management module slot and the media tray. d. All fourteen Blade Server slots and the management module slots, the two blowers, and the media tray. 42
  43. 43. Checkpoint solutions (1 of 3) 1. The IBM BladeCenter contains a redundant circuit path to connect all blades servers to the AMM and switching fabric through which of the following: a. Blade servers are interconnected by a system of shielded cabling b. A Midplane, with redundant upper and lower halves, connects all blade servers and provides a path to the switching modules c. Each blades server is independently connected to the AMM and switching modules Answer: b 2. True/False: The Midplane for the BladeCenter H contains only the new high-speed 4x signaling fabric connectors. Answer: False 3. The IBM BladeCenter E Chassis supports up to 14 Blade Servers. With Power Supplies 1 and 2 installed, which blade servers, switch modules and management modules will receive power? a. All fourteen Blade Server slots, all four switch module slots, the two blowers, the two management module slots and the media tray. b. Blade Server slots 1 through 6, all four switch module slots, the two blowers, the two management module slots and the media tray. c. Blade Server slots 1 through 6, switch module slots one and two, one management module slot and the media tray. d. All fourteen Blade Server slots and the management module slots, the two blowers, and the media tray. Answer: b 43
  44. 44. Checkpoint (2 of 3) 4. True/False: All models of the BladeCenter implement common power, cooling and signaling paths for multiple Blade Servers. 5. True/False: In addition to component cooling, each BladeCenter provides general chassis cooling through blowers. 6. Select the correct statement regarding power input to the BladeCenter S chassis. a. b. c. d. The BladeCenter S chassis requires 220/240V power The BladeCenter S can be ordered with 110V input as an option The BladeCenter S supports (2) power supplies maximum at 100/110V The BladeCenter S supports either 100/110V or 220/240V input 7. Operator information indicating warnings for over temperature and system error is viewed on the BladeCenter E chassis through which of the following methods? a. b. c. d. e. The front panel of each blade server On the Light Path panel on the media tray On the Light Path display on the lower rear of the chassis On the AMM module Both b and c 8. Which statement is correct regarding BladeCenter S power modules? a. b. c. d. Standard power supplies 1 and 2 support 3 blade servers Four power modules are shipped with the base BladeCenter S chassis Optional power supplies 3 and 4 are required for the second Disk Storage Module Optional power supplies 3 and 4 are required for I/O bays 1 and 3 44
  45. 45. Checkpoint solutions (2 of 3) 4. 5. 6. True/False: All models of the BladeCenter implement common power, cooling and signaling paths for multiple Blade Servers. Answer: True True/False: In addition to component cooling, each BladeCenter provides general chassis cooling through blowers. Answer: True Select the correct statement regarding power input to the BladeCenter S chassis. a. b. c. d. The BladeCenter S chassis requires 220/240V power The BladeCenter S can be ordered with 110V input as an option The BladeCenter S supports (2) power supplies maximum at 100/110V The BladeCenter S supports either 100/110V or 220/240V input Answer: d 7. Operator information indicating warnings for over temperature and system error is viewed on the BladeCenter E chassis through which of the following methods? a. b. c. d. e. The front panel of each blade server On the Light Path panel on the media tray On the Light Path display on the lower rear of the chassis On the AMM module Both b and c Answer: e 8. Which statement is correct regarding BladeCenter S power modules? a. b. c. d. Standard power supplies 1 and 2 support 3 blade servers Four power modules are shipped with the base BladeCenter S chassis Optional power supplies 3 and 4 are required for the second Disk Storage Module Optional power supplies 3 and 4 are required for I/O bays 1 and 3 Answer: c 45
  46. 46. Checkpoint (3 of 3) 9. True/False: The BladeCenter S Disk Subsystem supports a combination of SAS and SATA drives. 10. True/False: IBM BladeCenter E contains 10 I/O module bays and supports I/O network switching for storage switches, pass through devices, traditional fabrics, and high-speed fabrics. 11. True/False: For Telco maintenance, the BladeCenter HT chassis supports up to 4 hot-swap and redundant DC or AC power supply modules with load-balancing and failover capabilities located in the rear of the chassis 12. Which chassis was designed specifically for telecommunications network infrastructures to support a highly rugged environments using air filtration? a. BladeCenter S and BladeCenter E b. BladeCenter T and BladeCenter HT c. BladeCenter E and BladeCenter H d. BladeCenter H and BladeCenter HT 46
  47. 47. Checkpoint solutions (3 of 3) 9. True/False: The BladeCenter S Disk Subsystem supports a combination of SAS and SATA drives. Answer: True 10. True/False: IBM BladeCenter E contains 10 I/O module bays and supports I/O network switching for storage switches, pass through devices, traditional fabrics, and high-speed fabrics. Answer: False 11. True/False: For Telco maintenance, the BladeCenter HT chassis supports up to 4 hot-swap and redundant DC or AC power supply modules with load-balancing and failover capabilities located in the rear of the chassis Answer: False 12. Which chassis was designed specifically for telecommunications network infrastructures to support a highly rugged environments using air filtration? a. b. c. d. BladeCenter S and BladeCenter E BladeCenter T and BladeCenter HT BladeCenter E and BladeCenter H BladeCenter H and BladeCenter HT Answer: b 47
  48. 48. Unit summary Having completing this unit, you should be able to: • List the major elements common to the IBM BladeCenter • Describe the key aspects of compatibility between BladeCenter models • Identify the components providing redundancy in the BladeCenter chassis • Match the power components necessary to support varying BladeCenter resource configurations • List the power input requirements for the BladeCenter models • Describe the common cooling components used in the BladeCenter chassis • Describe the supported disk configurations for the BladeCenter S 48

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