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Quail production

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Quail production

  1. 1. Specialities High rate of egg production 300/year Mature rapidly Less feed cost Less space req. 8-10 quail/ chicken 3-4 generations/year
  2. 2. Incubation and hatching <ul><li>Incubation period – 18 days </li></ul><ul><li>Setter temp- 37.4-37.9 C </li></ul><ul><li>humidity – 65-70 % at 37.7 C </li></ul><ul><li>Hatcher temp- 36.9 C </li></ul><ul><li>humidity – 75% </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factors affecting hatchability <ul><li>Male :female ratio - 1:2 </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential mating </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial factors </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cage system of rearing <ul><li>12.5 x 20 x 25 c.m for 2 quails </li></ul><ul><li>60 x 60 x 25 c.m. for 25 quails </li></ul><ul><li>60 x 120 x 25 c.m for 50 quails </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cage system
  6. 6. Waterers <ul><li>Be Careful in choosing waterers </li></ul><ul><li>It should be shallow to avoid drowning </li></ul><ul><li>Keep pebble in waterers in the first few days </li></ul><ul><li>Should be easy to clean </li></ul><ul><li>Water intake 2g/g BW </li></ul>
  7. 7. Feeders <ul><li>It should be shallow </li></ul><ul><li>Fill the feed till the brim during first few days </li></ul><ul><li>Feed particle size should be small enough </li></ul>
  8. 8. Floor <ul><li>Should not be overcrowd </li></ul><ul><li>Floor should not be slippery </li></ul><ul><li>Chicks are more susceptible for slippery floor </li></ul>
  9. 9. Commercial quail egg production <ul><li>Age of maturity – 6 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Weight of an egg – 10-15 g </li></ul><ul><li>Number of egg/year- 300 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Female Japanese quail
  11. 11. Quail eggs
  12. 12. Physical characteristic of quail and chicken egg 0.31 0.19 Shell thickness mm 10.7 9.9 Shell % 31.1 32.6 Yolk % 57.1 56.5 Albumen % 56.7 10.3 Egg weight g Chicken Quail
  13. 13. Nutrient composition - quail egg 1.11 Total ash 1.02 Carbohydrate 11.04 Fat 13.17 Protein 74.25 Water % Composition
  14. 14. Factors affecting egg production <ul><li>Photoperiod – 16 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Light intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritional factors </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Other factors </li></ul>
  15. 15. Commercial quail meat production <ul><li>Tender </li></ul><ul><li>Low in fat </li></ul><ul><li>More tasty </li></ul>
  16. 16. Contd … <ul><li>Age of slaughter – 5 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Weight at 5 th week - 250g </li></ul><ul><li>Feed conversion ratio - 3.5-3.8 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Quail products <ul><li>Quail egg products </li></ul><ul><li>Quail egg pickle </li></ul><ul><li>Whole egg powder </li></ul><ul><li>Brined quail egg </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Quail meat products </li></ul><ul><li>Quail meat pickle </li></ul><ul><li>Quail Tandoori </li></ul><ul><li>Fried quail </li></ul><ul><li>Chilli quail </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bacterial diseases <ul><li>Pullorum disease </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcerative enteritis </li></ul><ul><li>Avian cholera </li></ul><ul><li>Botulism </li></ul><ul><li>Omphalitis </li></ul>
  20. 20. Other diseases <ul><li>External parasitic diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Coccidiosis </li></ul><ul><li>Black head </li></ul><ul><li>Aspergillosis </li></ul><ul><li>Cannibalism </li></ul>

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