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Design of Different Poultry Houses for
Large and Medium Poultry Farms
Presented by :Presented by :
Dr .M.G.Nikam (RVD/12-16)Dr .M.G.Nikam (RVD/12-16)
PhD StudentPhD Student
Department of Poultry ScienceDepartment of Poultry Science
C.V.Sc R’nagarC.V.Sc R’nagar
HyderabadHyderabad
Type of poultry houses
 
 
 
  
I.    Open side house                  II. Controlled Environment houses 
      (Conventional Broiler     (non-conventional-closed)
      house-Deep litter raring
 
Construction details :
 Foundation
Floor
Walls and partition
Ventilators
Roof
Doors
Width
Length
Location, lay out and design of Poultry houses
Purpose of Housing
•To protect inclement weather, direct sun rays and rain.
•To minimize effect of dampness.
•To provide safety from their predators.
•To apply scientific management practices
•To provide suitable, atmosphere for expression of full genetic
potential.
Basis Principles to be Observed
for layout :
Layout should not allow visitors (for office works) and
outside vehicles to come in contact with birds. From
this, administrative block and feed mill unit should be
kept away from sheds on farm.
The younger birds should be kept away from
disturbances due to movements of outsiders. For
which brooder and grower houses are preferably.
Located at far end of site, away from administrative
block and mill unit.
 Cont..
The houses of should be necessarily placed on the
upwind flow side to avoid cross-infection from adults
to youngers through air. In our country for major part
of year, west is the upwind flow side.
Feed mill is generally attached to medium and large
size poultry farms and preferably placed near gate.
Ventilation
Free flowing air in the house
Reduce the temperature in house in summer
Ventilation keeps the atmosphere healthy in house
Ridge ventilators for houses
Humidity
o 38 – 42 per cent humidity better performance ,
o Conducive for multiplication of pathogenic organism
o Dusty and dry litter
Light
Importance of light
Continuous light
Intermittent light
Temperature Zone
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Comfort zone (18.3 – 21.5*C)
Tolerable zone
(22.0 – 28.0*C)
Tolerable zone (17.0 – 11.0*c)
Uncomfortable zone
(28.0 *C and above)
Uncomfortable zone
(11.0 *C and below)
House Orientation (Direction)
North (Length)
West width East
East
South
(Side open)
 Diagrammatic sketch of poultry house showing orientation (East-west direction)
Types of roof
Lecture 01: Housing and rearing systems, their advantages and
disadvantages, space requirements for different age groups
A – Distance between 1st
broiler house and
approach road (20 m)
B- Distance between
incinerator and last
broiler house (30 m)
D- Distance between two
broiler houses (10m)
FM – Feed mill
I – Incinerator
S.O. – Store and Office
Layout of EC houses Side view of EC house
Side view of EC house Interior view of EC house
Lighting arrangement in EC house Feeding arrangement in EC house
High density in EC house
Brooding arrangement in EC house
Feeding and watering arrangement
in EC house
Poultry environmental
computer system
Design of poultry houses
Design of poultry houses

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Design of poultry houses

  • 1. Design of Different Poultry Houses for Large and Medium Poultry Farms Presented by :Presented by : Dr .M.G.Nikam (RVD/12-16)Dr .M.G.Nikam (RVD/12-16) PhD StudentPhD Student Department of Poultry ScienceDepartment of Poultry Science C.V.Sc R’nagarC.V.Sc R’nagar HyderabadHyderabad
  • 2. Type of poultry houses          I.    Open side house                  II. Controlled Environment houses        (Conventional Broiler     (non-conventional-closed)       house-Deep litter raring   Construction details :  Foundation Floor Walls and partition Ventilators Roof Doors Width Length
  • 3. Location, lay out and design of Poultry houses Purpose of Housing •To protect inclement weather, direct sun rays and rain. •To minimize effect of dampness. •To provide safety from their predators. •To apply scientific management practices •To provide suitable, atmosphere for expression of full genetic potential.
  • 4. Basis Principles to be Observed for layout : Layout should not allow visitors (for office works) and outside vehicles to come in contact with birds. From this, administrative block and feed mill unit should be kept away from sheds on farm. The younger birds should be kept away from disturbances due to movements of outsiders. For which brooder and grower houses are preferably. Located at far end of site, away from administrative block and mill unit.
  • 5.  Cont.. The houses of should be necessarily placed on the upwind flow side to avoid cross-infection from adults to youngers through air. In our country for major part of year, west is the upwind flow side. Feed mill is generally attached to medium and large size poultry farms and preferably placed near gate.
  • 6. Ventilation Free flowing air in the house Reduce the temperature in house in summer Ventilation keeps the atmosphere healthy in house Ridge ventilators for houses Humidity o 38 – 42 per cent humidity better performance , o Conducive for multiplication of pathogenic organism o Dusty and dry litter Light Importance of light Continuous light Intermittent light
  • 7. Temperature Zone 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Comfort zone (18.3 – 21.5*C) Tolerable zone (22.0 – 28.0*C) Tolerable zone (17.0 – 11.0*c) Uncomfortable zone (28.0 *C and above) Uncomfortable zone (11.0 *C and below)
  • 8. House Orientation (Direction) North (Length) West width East East South (Side open)  Diagrammatic sketch of poultry house showing orientation (East-west direction)
  • 10. Lecture 01: Housing and rearing systems, their advantages and disadvantages, space requirements for different age groups
  • 11.
  • 12. A – Distance between 1st broiler house and approach road (20 m) B- Distance between incinerator and last broiler house (30 m) D- Distance between two broiler houses (10m) FM – Feed mill I – Incinerator S.O. – Store and Office
  • 13.
  • 14. Layout of EC houses Side view of EC house Side view of EC house Interior view of EC house
  • 15. Lighting arrangement in EC house Feeding arrangement in EC house High density in EC house Brooding arrangement in EC house Feeding and watering arrangement in EC house Poultry environmental computer system