Factors of Climate
What is climate?
What factors determine climate?
What is Climate?
Weather - state of the
atmosphere at any
given time or place.
(what’s it like right now)
Climate - the weather
conditions of an area
over a long period of
(average weather over
#1 The Sun
Source of all light and warmth
The more direct
axis, tilt, &
light we get
#2 Latitude Lines
where sun hits
Simple summary of climatic zones:
Polar - very cold and dry all year
Temperate - cold winters and mild summers
Arid - dry, hot all year
Tropical - hot and wet all year
Mediterranean - mild winters, dry hot
Mountains (tundra) very cold all year
Write these on the back of your organizer!
#3 Ocean/Wind Currents
you go, the
Reason: The air is less dense and cannot hold heat as easily.
The amount affects how
arid or wet the climate is.
Distance from the sea
Land heats and cools faster than the sea.
Therefore coastal areas have a lower
temperature range than those areas inland.
On the coast winters are mild and summers
are cool. In inland areas temperatures are
high in the summer and cold in the winter.
Slopes facing the
sun are warmer
than those that are
not. Thus south
facing slopes in the
facing north in the