Experimenting ICT in English Language and Literature


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Experimenting ICT in English Language and Literature

  1. 1. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand AsiaCALL 2008 The Seventh International Conference of The Asia Association of Computer-Assisted Language Learning hosted by The School of English, Institute of Social Technology Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand 21 to 23 November 2008
  2. 2. Theme of conference: <ul><li>Successful Technology-Supported Educational Outcomes: A Look at Effective Language Teaching/Learning </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  3. 3. Experimenting ICT in Teaching English Language & Literature By Dr. Dilip P. Barad Dept. of English, Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar Gujarat INDIA
  4. 4. We live in an era of information explosion … <ul><li>Once there was famine of information, today we are drowned in the deluge of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Gale of change is blowing in the pedagogy of Teaching English Language and Literature (TELL). </li></ul><ul><li>The marriage between education and Internet technology has made a deep impact on perspectives about teaching and learning. </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the teacher, the nature and context of learning, as well as the function and relative importance of course content have all been challenged and redefined. </li></ul><ul><li>Technophobic teachers have no place in this new world order. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  5. 5. This presentation aims at … <ul><li>… sharing practical experiments with ICT in Teaching English Language and Literature (TELL) . </li></ul><ul><li>It deals with the pragmatic aspects of using ICT with the student community of Business Management and Humanities. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of all these experiments was to develop meta-cognition and self-regulation in learning among students. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  6. 6. The presentation attempts to through light at ... 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>… some very pertinent questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How far is ICT useful to student community? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Role of ICT in teaching English language and literature? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of ICT enabled methods can be used to overcome students' learning problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Can it empower student community? </li></ul><ul><li>Can it improve their proficiency of learning? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Proficiency and empowerment of students… <ul><li>… means that the students should be able to comprehend fully what has been taught to him/her and then should be able to reproduce it, not only in exam but in day to day life also. </li></ul><ul><li>If the student fail to do so, he is neither empowered not his proficiency level has improved. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  8. 8. What I have not attempted in this presentation is … 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>The relationship between theory and application </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Levy writes in Computer-Assisted Language Learning that he is motivated by a desire to understand better the relationship between theory and application. </li></ul><ul><li>… but my approach here is more application based than theorizing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Teaching English in the class of commerce and business management. <ul><li>As compared to the class of languages, commerce and management students are more receptive in using technology. </li></ul><ul><li>… implemented some innovativeness in teaching text (novel), share market, questionnaire, report writing, letter to editors, complaint letters through emails etc. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  10. 10. This text was so difficult because of its language that Saurashtra University removed it from syllabus 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
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  12. 12. Questionnaire and Report Writing <ul><li>www.cross-tabsurvey.com (Questionnaire) </li></ul><ul><li>www.monkeygizmo.com ( report writing ) </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle survey </li></ul><ul><li>This site sends email for latest surveys. </li></ul><ul><li>The questionnaire prepared for such surveys is of best quality with ‘open-ended’ questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple options helps students to understand the benefits of framing questions which are near to the given topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Report was prepared from the same questionnaire. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  13. 13. Share Market Reporting <ul><li>For English teacher, the most difficult part of commercial English is Share Market. </li></ul><ul><li>www.moneycontrol.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.moneybhai.com </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  14. 14. <ul><li>Moneybhai.com is Free Online Virtual Stock Market Trading Game portal run by moneycontrol.com, which is run by TV18 group. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight week portfolio game. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated through e-Groups: google groups, & yahoo e-groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Synergism of website and email resources… </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  15. 15. <ul><li>I got such a magnificent success with this experiment that even today some of the students have continued playing the game and they keep me notifying their progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Better than that, some of them made their career in it by joining companies like indiabulls, sharekhan, stock holding, marwadi etc. These students write in their emails that it was this online game that helped them generate interest in share market and secure job in the similar field. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, one of the hardest nuts to crack, the Goliath of commercial English – share market – was conquered with the help of knight called ICT. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  16. 16. Teaching letter writing: * Using google e-groups * Emailing… live from the classroom Emails to companies for inquiry, complaint etc are written and sent actually and not merely an artificial exercise. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  17. 17. <ul><li>Artificial intelligence is better than artificiality. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching letter writing on imaginary situations was artificial and was breaking no ice in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Real emails sent to companies for queries, complaints, suggestions, comments etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies replied to it and those letters were discussed in the class. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  18. 18. Drafting Advertisement … <ul><li>www.amul.com </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  19. 19. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  20. 20. Letters to the Editors… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  21. 21. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  22. 22. In last 6 years… <ul><li>… ICT has helped me a lot in improving my teaching skills. </li></ul><ul><li>But that is not as important as it has helped my students improving their proficiency in learning literary text, questionnaire, report writing, letters to editors, emailing and share market reporting. </li></ul><ul><li>As an end result, they felt empowered in commercial English. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  23. 23. Shifting to teaching Literatures in English… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>Shifting from the classroom of commerce and management to literature, I would begin by saying that foreign literature can never be taught ‘effectively’ without ICT. </li></ul><ul><li>To improve proficiency in English literature, movies, plays, audio books, web resources, e-cyclopaedia etc are more essential than books & black boards. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Intricacy of English literature… <ul><li>Oriental and occidental thinking pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in collective consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Greek myths & legends Vs Hindu myths & legends </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, Freud, Marx, World Wars – shattered belief system of western thinkers . </li></ul><ul><li>Because of such reasons, we grapple in darkness to understand their literary concepts and –isms . </li></ul><ul><li>Here, ICT is of incredible help. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  25. 25. Microsoft’s Encarta Encyclopedia * references to literature * Encarta dictionary with thesaurus and translation in European languages. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  26. 26. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand Arthurian legends, Holy Grail: from Spenser to T.S.Eliot and Northrop Frye’s The Archtypes of Literature
  27. 27. Internet in the literature classroom… * while teaching modern critical theories like post modernism, post colonialism, deconstruction, post structuralism etc, websites like www.reference.com is of incredible help. * All difficult –isms of 20 th century are better explained through the reference to this site than any books. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  28. 28. Even to discuss latest in the field of literature, we may click and get info from the websites like www.contemporarywriters.com and get up-to-the-moment information to share with students. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  29. 29. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand Collective reading: * Reading from ppt or word files The literature class becomes live as all the students are getting similar information at the same time. * Even when things are not shared through web-resources , and only word file read collectively in the class gives good results in improving learning proficiency.
  30. 30. PowerPoint presentation of movies and plays… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>At times viewing literary movies, plays and listening audio books may be tiresome task. </li></ul><ul><li>So to prepare ppt presentation of selected scenes and discussion on it may be a fruitful exercise than viewing whole movie or play. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher have to take pains to prepare slides by inserting video clips and text for explanation, but it really helps to improve proficiency of the students to understand literature. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Teaching Poetry… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>Teaching poetry is not every teacher’s cup of tea. </li></ul><ul><li>The real beauty and meaning of poetry lies in its recitation </li></ul><ul><li>www.librivox.com </li></ul>
  32. 32. Keats odes… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  33. 33. T.S.Eliot’s The Waste Land – 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  34. 34. Teaching literary criticism… Improve proficiency in criticism through ‘applied criticism’ * Benefit: development of critical insight. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  35. 35. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand Recent developments in the experiments… <ul><li>Experimenting with blogs, WikiEducator and Moodle. </li></ul><ul><li>Synergism of wiki platform and moodle LMS. </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikieducator.org/user:Dilipbarad </li></ul><ul><li>www.dilipbarad.com/tell </li></ul><ul><li>www.blogger.com for developing writing skills. </li></ul>
  36. 36. www.wikieducator.org/user:Dilipbarad 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  37. 37. www.dilipbarad.com/tell 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
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  39. 39. http://dilipbarad.blogspot.com <ul><li>Example: Blog on spellings: To spell or not to spell correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Comments on it by students and peer group. </li></ul><ul><li>Collective learning </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivates habit of proof-reading and editing of self-writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: students has started blogging and commenting/correcting peer blogs. Their language is showing impressive improvements. </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  40. 40. What are the benefits !?!? 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  41. 41. ICT makes teacher mentally ‘free’ to concentrate on discussion and interpretation 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>As teacher’s memory is not over burdened with facts and points, he can give more time interpreting and discussing. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation and discussion are essential to empower students and improve their proficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Three senses function together – seeing, listening and reading – learning capabilities improve </li></ul><ul><li>ATL: Time is no longer a hurdle in teaching –learning: Any Time Learning. </li></ul>
  42. 42. To Conclude: overview on the threats in ICT enabled teaching-learning system… 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand <ul><li>A teacher who is adamant ‘not to change’ – to adapt. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Student’s eagerness and willingness </li></ul><ul><li>Machine can never replace Man (the teacher) but it surely is ‘add-on enhancement’. </li></ul><ul><li>Together they can work wonders! </li></ul>
  43. 43. Limitations of these experiments and presentation: <ul><li>R.W. Last: Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Language Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Levy: Computer-Assisted Language learning </li></ul><ul><li>“ A sense of whole is imperative … practitioners and researchers of CALL have not really assimilated the work that has been done .” </li></ul><ul><li>Because of which, I fear, I may have lose sight of the broader picture… </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  44. 44. References: <ul><li>Thomas, Michael. Handbook of Research on Language Acquisition Technologies: Web 2.0 Transformation of Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Levy, Michael. Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Context and Conceptualization. New York. Oxford. 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Last, R. W. (1989), Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Language Learning (Chichester: Horwood). </li></ul><ul><li>Kelly, K . (2005). We Are the Web. Retrieved Internet 15 December 2006, from: <//www.wired.com/wired/ archive/13.08/tech_pr.html> </li></ul><ul><li>Esteras, Remacha / Fabre, Marco. Professional English in Use – ICT . Cambridge. </li></ul><ul><li>McLean, D . (2005). The Online Viral Advertising Era Has Arrived. Retrieved Internet 15 February 2007, from: http://www.pcworld.ca/news/column/ 452b385a0a01040800cd2bfc389926d6/pg1.htm </li></ul><ul><li>O'Reilly, T . (2005). What Is Web 2.0, Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software. Retrieved Internet 10 February, 2007, from: http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/ 2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html </li></ul>11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand
  45. 45. 11/21/2008 AsiaCALL 2008, Thailand Presented by Dr. Dilip P. Barad from Bhavnagar University, INDIA. <ul><li>Your comments, suggestions and criticism are invited at: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>