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Digital Curation Technology: JHU Summit, October 2015

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Slide deck from presentation on Oct 8, 2015 at Johns Hopkins University. Topic is Digital Curation in Art Museums: Technology, People, Process. #jhudigcur

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Digital Curation Technology: JHU Summit, October 2015

  1. 1. Digital Curation in Art Museums Technology, People, Process Douglas Hegley Minneapolis Institute of Art dhegley@artsmia.org @dhegley www.slideshare.net/dhegley
  2. 2. TECHNOLOGY! Image Source: http://www.download-hd-wallpapers.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/information-technology-background.jpg
  3. 3. technology … yawn or Image Source: http://www.christinecarter.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/bigstock-Yawning-7116292.jpg
  4. 4. Image Source: http://33.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m7kmenROzJ1qdjmmoo1_1280.gif Um, digital curation?
  5. 5. Image Source: http://digitalcuration.umaine.edu/media/var_confusing_strategies_parti_vga.png
  6. 6. Digital Curation: “The planning and management of digital assets over their full lifetime, from conceptualization through active use and presentation to long-term preservation in a repository for future re-use”. - Phyllis Hecht
  7. 7. Digital Curation: The planning and management of digital assets over their full lifetime, from conceptualization through active use and presentation to long-term preservation in a repository for future re-use. - Phyllis Hecht “digital assets” – which ones? “full lifetime” – how to define? “active use” – by whom? for what? “long-term preservation” – how long? “repository” – what kind? which one? “future re-use” – wait, you can predict the future?!
  8. 8. But what is it we really mean when we say curation? Curation is Acquisition … an act of selection … selectively acquiring items to make the collection more comprehensive and/or focused … considering and appraising, researching, contextualizing and selecting, constantly searching and refining. Curation is Exhibition … conceptualization, interpretation and transformation of objects into an illustration, making the objects and the message accessible to a wide audience Curation is Preservation … the storage and care of collections, sometimes passive and sometimes active. Source: http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/2014/03/what-could-curation-possibly-mean/ Image Source: http://ullushop.com/wp-content/uploads/Art-1.jpg Image Source: https://bethhellerconservation.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/img_1949.jpg
  9. 9. Traditionally, curators are responsible for acquiring material for a collection, preserving these materials for future generations, helping users locate items from the collection and providing contextual information so they can better understand them, and designing exhibits for the benefit and enjoyment of the public. As digital curator, I will do most of these things as well, but I have specifically made it my mission to: • make as much of our collection available online as copyright law, professional ethics, and our budget permits • provide both contextual information and software tools to make our digital collections as useful as possible • improve methods for preserving and providing access to the "born digital" materials (word processor files, digital musical scores, 3d set designs, etc.) that are now part of the creative history of most contemporary works of art Source: http://www.nypl.org/blog/2011/04/04/what-digital-curator
  10. 10. “Think, think, think” Image Source: http://a.dilcdn.com/bl/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/10/Winnie-the-Pooh-Thinking-Blustery-Day.jpeg
  11. 11. Museums Gone Digital
  12. 12. We are ALL digital publishing houses
  13. 13. Digital vs. Traditional Publishing pros • Faster time to publish new findings • No unit cost • Rich media • Showing rather than telling (e.g., conservation demonstrations) • Interactivity/dialogue • Highly scalable cons • Digital publishing workflows out of synch with conventions of scholarship • Perception of unlimited capacity – grey area around content length/balance • Scholarly publishing is an awkward fit for interactive dialogue • Technology changes fast (operating systems, media formats, etc) Thank you Amy Heibel (LACMA) for letting me steal this slide.
  14. 14. We Make We Publish We Store We Share Multiple channels We control output Open access or licensed We cede control of output Content Intellectual Production Content, Assets, Born-digital Text Media Etc. Data DAMs TMS RSS iCal XML API Services Apps Websites Aggregators Print ArtsConnectEd GoogleArt ArtSTOR Bridgeman 1000 Museums Art.sy + others Third Parties Print Web Mobile Onsite - TDX Apps ePubs – Verso Email … and more … Text Graphic MapWeb page Video/Film Image Design Logo/Icon Game Animation … more …Diagram Art? Display ©Douglas Hegley 2015
  15. 15. Artist: Jennifer Steinkamp Image Source: http://blog.archpaper.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/02-jennifer-steinkamp-streetviews-stl-contemporary-art-archpaper-01.jpg
  16. 16. Art Objects (TMS) Digital Media Assets (DAMs) Website (CMS) Blogs MobileWeb Print (floorplans, brochures, etc.) Pubs (magazines, Catalogs, books) Press (PR, marketing, news, etc.) Documents (reports, plans, grant apps, policies) Archive (library, paper files) e.g., Social Media Content Created: Digital Stored: Analog Created: Analog Stored: Analog Created: Digital Stored: Digital Goal: Integrate/share all content using open APIs and/or web services Goal: Store in digital format, with appropriate access permissions in metadata Goal: Digitize as needed (no mass-digitization project); store digital versions in ECM ePubs Digital Art? Enterprise Content Management, Museum-style Other ©Douglas Hegley 2015
  17. 17. Image Source: https://datapub.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/datacuration.png
  18. 18. We need tools Image Source: http://rebeccalieb.com/sites/default/files/Toolbox.jpg
  19. 19. Digital Asset Management Systems - DAMs Key considerations: 1.Upload & download capabilities 2.Metadata – establish, add, edit, etc. 3.Storage 4.Search & browse - effective user interface 5.Share / publish – APIs & integration 6.Analytics Source: www.digitalassetmanagement.com/advanced-dam
  20. 20. Open Source DAMs
  21. 21. Content - Object records/metadata - Constituent records Potential Content Types - Maps, charts, diagrams - LI content - D& E content (e.g., Verso components - Etc. Content Types - Still images - Video - Audio DAMs (Open Source) (ResourceSpace) Mia ECM Concept June 2015 Web CMS (WordPress) DAMs (Commercial) (MediaBin) Collections Data (TMS) MetaMia – Search & Retreival tool ElasticSearch Index & access Search/Retreive Result set Filters/Facets Access: Internal External access: Later phase API API API API File Shares (Not in scope) Potential needs - Hot folders for auto-ingest NEW NEW NEW NEW Funding for the Mia ECM project provided by: https://www.elastic.co/ ©Douglas Hegley 2015
  22. 22. Image Source: http://new.soldsie.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/o-HOW-TO-BE-HAPPY-AT-WORK-facebook.jpg People
  23. 23. Source: Jeonghyun Kim, Edward Warga, William Moen. Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements, International Journal of Digital Curation, 2013, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 66-83 “ … digital curation jobs are characterized by a complex interplay of various skills and knowledge”
  24. 24. Source: Jeonghyun Kim, Edward Warga, William Moen. Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements, International Journal of Digital Curation, 2013, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 66-83
  25. 25. Source: Jeonghyun Kim, Edward Warga, William Moen. Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements, International Journal of Digital Curation, 2013, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 66-83
  26. 26. UNIX/Linux * Java, PHP, and Perl * HTML and other Web-related markup languages * XML and XSLT Relational databases including MySQL and Oracle Desktop productivity software Advanced graphics software Metadata standards: MARC * Dublin Core * METS * MODS * PREMIS Semantic web, linked data and other standards related to digital preservation, such as ISO 16363 Trusted Digital Repository Checklist DSpace * Fedora * CONTENTdm * Digital Commons * Archivists’ Toolkit Digital content creation/transformation tools Research data analysis tools, such as SPSS, SAS and Nvivo Voyager and Horizon Drupal, WordPress, Joomla Digitization, creating metadata, managing repositories and implementing preservation practices working knowledge of curation, including various media formats, curation workflows, data management principles, repository architecture, search and retrieval technology, preservation strategies, applicable provisions of copyright laws, and academic/research policies and procedures related to data management. Project management skills Source: Jeonghyun Kim, Edward Warga, William Moen. Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements, International Journal of Digital Curation, 2013, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 66-83 Oh, just a few simple skills …
  27. 27. Siri, can we do digital curation? Okay, let’s get started … A
  28. 28. Hire character. Train skill. Recommended:
  29. 29. Image Source: https://thesaleswars.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/istock_000004122788small.jpg Workflows
  30. 30. Image Source: https://clintondentalcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/cleaning-your-toothbrush.jpg “Standards are like toothbrushes, everybody agrees you should have one, but no one wants to use yours” Attributed to Joe Croser (variations attributed to Connie Morella)
  31. 31. Challenges Remain DH
  32. 32. GETTING HERE Unrealistic expectations of digital technology to perform miracles – leads to: inability to harness potential benefits (wishful thinking) Benefits of digitcccccccccal technology have been demonstrated Benefits of digital technology have been demonstrated Forward-thinking organizations realize the difficulties and the complexities – use that understanding to develop practical approaches to implementation. The Hype Cycle
  33. 33. Persistent Archive
  34. 34. http://ignorethecode.net/blog_images/mess/messy_folder.png Persistent Archive Workflow Tools
  35. 35. http://ignorethecode.net/blog_images/mess/messy_folder.png Persistent Archive Workflow Tools Usage
  36. 36. http://ignorethecode.net/blog_images/mess/messy_folder.png Artist: Marius Watz Persistent Archive Workflow Tools Usage Digital Art
  37. 37. @dhegley http://www.slideshare.net/dhegley Thank you!

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