European colonialisminafrica (1)

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European colonialisminafrica (1)

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYMs. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. African Trade [15c-17c]
  3. 3. Pre-19c European Trade with Africa
  4. 4. IndustrialRevolutionIndustrialRevolutionSource forRawMaterialsSource forRawMaterialsMarkets forFinishedGoodsMarkets forFinishedGoodsEuropeanNationalismEuropeanNationalismMissionaryActivityMissionaryActivityMilitary& NavalBasesMilitary& NavalBasesEuropeanMotivesFor ColonizationEuropeanMotivesFor ColonizationPlaces toDumpUnwanted/Excess Popul.Places toDumpUnwanted/Excess Popul.Soc. & Eco.OpportunitiesSoc. & Eco.OpportunitiesHumanitarianReasonsHumanitarianReasonsEuropeanRacismEuropeanRacism“WhiteMan’sBurden”“WhiteMan’sBurden”SocialDarwinismSocialDarwinism
  5. 5. European Explorers in Africa19c  Europeans Map the Interior of Africa
  6. 6. 1. Where Is Dr. Livingstone?Dr. David LivingstoneDoctorLivingstone,I Presume?Sir Henry MortonStanley
  7. 7. European Explorations in mid-19c:“The Scramble for Africa”
  8. 8. 2. What is the Source of the Nile?John SpekeSir Richard Burton
  9. 9. Africa1890
  10. 10. Africain1914
  11. 11. Social Darwinism
  12. 12. The “White Man’s Burden”Rudyard Kipling
  13. 13. The “White Man’s Burden”?
  14. 14. The Congo Free StateorThe Belgian Congo
  15. 15. King Leopold II:(r. 1865 – 1909)
  16. 16. Harvesting Rubber
  17. 17. Punishing “Lazy” Workers
  18. 18. 5-8 Million Victims! (50% of Popul.)It is blood-curdling to see them (thesoldiers) returning with the hands ofthe slain, and to find the hands ofyoung children amongst the biggerones evidencing their bravery...Therubber from this district has costhundreds of lives, and the scenes Ihave witnessed, while unable to helpthe oppressed, have been almostenough to make me wish I weredead... This rubber traffic is steepedin blood, and if the natives were torise and sweep every white person onthe Upper Congo into eternity, therewould still be left a fearful balance totheir credit. -- Belgian Official
  19. 19. Belgium’s Stranglehold on the Congo
  20. 20. Leopold’s Conscience??
  21. 21. Berlin Conference of 1884-1885Another point of view? 
  22. 22. BerlinConferenceof1884-1885
  23. 23. EuropeanColonization/Decolonization PatternsBerlin Conference of 1884-85
  24. 24. Leopold Defends Himself in Paris,1903King Leopold (to Loubert) :How about that!  JohnBull claims that Itortured, robbed andmurdered more than hedid. . .Loubert : No, your Majesty,thats impossible .
  25. 25. Dutch Landing in 1652
  26. 26. Shaka Zulu (1785 – 1828)
  27. 27. Boers Clash With the XhosaTribesBoer Farmer
  28. 28. The Great Trek, 1836-38Afrikaners
  29. 29. Diamond MinesRaw Diamonds
  30. 30. The Struggle for South Africa
  31. 31. Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902)“The Colossus of Rhodes”
  32. 32. Uncle Sam: “The Colossusof the Pacific” (A Parody)
  33. 33. Paul Kruger (1825-1904)
  34. 34. Boer-British Tensions Increase 1877 – Britain annexed the Transvaal. 1883 – Boers fought British in theTransvaal and regained itsindependence.- Paul Kruger becomes President. 1880s – Gold discovered in theTransvaal
  35. 35. The Boer War: 1899 - 1900The BoersThe British
  36. 36. A Future British Prime MinisterBritish Boer War Correspondent,Winston Churchill
  37. 37. The Struggle for South Africa

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