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World War I and the Red Scare

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Causes, Opposition to the war, Anti-German Hun Campaign, Anti-Radical, Sedition Act, aftermath, A. Mitchell Palmer, Red Scare

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World War I and the Red Scare

  1. 1. World War I & the Red Scare
  2. 2. TRIPLE ALLIANCE TRIPLE ENTENTE
  3. 3. CENTRAL POWERS ALLIED POWERS
  4. 4. 1914 - 1918
  5. 5. APRIL 6th, 1917
  6. 6. Knightsbridge, 1919
  7. 7. Why did the United States enter World War I… on the side of Great Britain?
  8. 8. Why did the United States ente…on the side of Great Britain and the Allies?
  9. 9. Standard View The Lusitania
  10. 10. deaths = 1198
  11. 11. deaths = 1128
  12. 12. 4,200,000
  13. 13. OTHER REASONS?
  14. 14. 1) Cultural Ties
  15. 15. 80%
  16. 16. 2) Enhanced U.S. World Role
  17. 17. 3) Economic
  18. 18. 4x
  19. 19. 1914: $753 million
  20. 20. 1916: $3 billion
  21. 21. $2.3 billion $27 million
  22. 22. 4) Practicalities of Naval Warfare
  23. 23. British Blockade U-Boat Blockade
  24. 24. “rules of war”
  25. 25. Undeclared submarine warfare
  26. 26. OPPOSITION
  27. 27. Traditional Suspicion
  28. 28. Traditional Suspicion Washington’s Farewell Address “Why, by interweaving our destiny with that of any part of Europe, entangle our peace and prosperity in the toils of European ambition, rivalship, interest, humor or caprice? It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world…” (1796)
  29. 29. Congress 373-50
  30. 30. “Dough-boys” 300,000 / 300,000
  31. 31. Farmers
  32. 32. “Where The Fate Of The War Rests” “Upon the farmers of this country, therefore, in large measure rests the fate of the war and the fate of the nations. May the nation not count upon them to omit no step that will increase the production of their land or that will bring about the most effectual cooperation in the sale and distribution of their products?”
  33. 33. Socialists 1920: >900,000
  34. 34. Immigrants
  35. 35. Immigrants
  36. 36. APATHY?
  37. 37. “Symbolic Politics”
  38. 38. Good vs Evil
  39. 39. “Hate the Hun Campaign”
  40. 40. SAUERKRAUT
  41. 41. “LIBERTY CABBAGE”
  42. 42. HAMBURGER
  43. 43. “LIBERTY STEAK”
  44. 44. “LIBERTY MEASLES”
  45. 45. ANTI-RADICAL
  46. 46. Espionage and Sedition Acts “conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state”
  47. 47. 6000 / 1500
  48. 48. “RED” EMMA GOLDMAN
  49. 49. 2 years >>>
  50. 50. WALTER MATHEY
  51. 51. Rev. CLARENCE WALDRON “A Christian can take no part in the war.”
  52. 52. Rev. CLARENCE WALDRON > 15 years
  53. 53. JOHN WHITE
  54. 54. JOHN WHITE “[The] murder of innocent women and children by German soldiers was no worse than what the United States’ soldiers did in the Philippines.”
  55. 55. JOHN WHITE > 21 months
  56. 56. “BIG BILL” HAYWOOD >>> IWW
  57. 57. “BIG BILL” HAYWOOD >>> 30 YEARS
  58. 58. “RED (SCARE) SUMMER” 1919
  59. 59. Strikes, Prohibition, Suffrage, Race Riots, Bombings, Influenza, Disillusionment
  60. 60. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
  61. 61. “[The] blaze of revolution [was] eating its way into the homes of the American workmen, its sharp tongues of revolutionary heat… licking the altars of the churches, leaping into the belfry of the school bell, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, burning up the foundations of society.” “Palmer Raids” January, 1920
  62. 62. May 1st, 1920?
  63. 63. May 1st, 1920.

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