Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. ...
Theories on prehistory and earlyTheories on prehistory and early
man constantly change as newman constantly change as new
...
1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE
2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,00...
 ““PaleolithicPaleolithic”” -->--> ““Old StoneOld Stone”” AgeAge
 2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
...
4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE
 HominidsHominids --> any member--> any member
of the family o...
 HOMO HABILISHOMO HABILIS
(( ““Man of SkillsMan of Skills”” ))
 found in East Africa.found in East Africa.
 created sto...
 Humans during this period found shelter in caves.Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
 Cave paintings left...
1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE
 HOMO ERECTUSHOMO ERECTUS
(( ““Upright Human BeingUpright Human Be...
Are we all AfricansAre we all Africans ““under the skinunder the skin””????????
200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
HOMO SAPIENSHOMO SAPIENS
(( ““Wise Human BeingWise Human Being”” ))
Neand...
NEANDERTHALS:NEANDERTHALS:
 Neander Valley,Neander Valley,
Germany (1856)Germany (1856)
 First humans to buryFirst human...
NEANDERTHALSNEANDERTHALS
Early Hut/TentEarly Hut/Tent
CRO-MAGNONs:CRO-MAGNONs:
 Homo sapiens sapiensHomo sapiens sapiens
(( ““Wise, wise humanWise, wise human”” ))
 By 30,000...
70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
 ““NeolithicNeolithic””  ““New StoneNew Stone”” AgeAge
 10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE
 Gradual shift f...
 8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE
 Agriculture developed independently inAgriculture developed independently i...
DevelopmentDevelopment
of Agricultureof Agriculture
?
?
?
?
Why do you think the
development of
agriculture occurred
around the same time in
several different places?
Why do some
archaeologists believe
that women were the
first farmers?
 Growing crops on a regular basis made possible theGrowing crops on a regular basis made possible the
support of larger p...
 8,000 BCE8,000 BCE  Largest Early Settlement atLargest Early Settlement at Çatal HÇatal Hüüyükyük
( Modern Turkey )( M...
Çatal HüyükÇatal Hüyük
AdvancedAdvanced
CitiesCities
SpecializedSpecialized
WorkersWorkers
ComplexComplex
InstitutionsInstitutions
Record-Record-...
Origin of Humans
Origin of Humans
Origin of Humans
Origin of Humans
Origin of Humans
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Origin of Humans

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Global Studies 2013-14

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Origin of Humans

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Theories on prehistory and earlyTheories on prehistory and early man constantly change as newman constantly change as new evidence comes to light.evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British- Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologistpaleoanthropologist
  3. 3. 1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE 2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE 3. 250,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE3. 250,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE 4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE Paleolithic AgePaleolithic Age:: ( Old Stone Age )( Old Stone Age ) 2,500,000 BCE2,500,000 BCE to 8,000 BCEto 8,000 BCE
  4. 4.  ““PaleolithicPaleolithic”” -->--> ““Old StoneOld Stone”” AgeAge  2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE  hunting (hunting (menmen) & gathering () & gathering (womenwomen))  small bands of 20-30 humanssmall bands of 20-30 humans  NOMADICNOMADIC (moving from place to place)(moving from place to place)  Made toolsMade tools
  5. 5. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE  HominidsHominids --> any member--> any member of the family of two-leggedof the family of two-legged primates that includes allprimates that includes all humans.humans.  AustralopithecinesAustralopithecines  AnAn ApposableApposable ThumbThumb
  6. 6.  HOMO HABILISHOMO HABILIS (( ““Man of SkillsMan of Skills”” ))  found in East Africa.found in East Africa.  created stone tools.created stone tools.
  7. 7.  Humans during this period found shelter in caves.Humans during this period found shelter in caves.  Cave paintings left behind.Cave paintings left behind. Purpose??Purpose??
  8. 8. 1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE  HOMO ERECTUSHOMO ERECTUS (( ““Upright Human BeingUpright Human Being”” ))  Larger and more variedLarger and more varied tools --> primitive technologytools --> primitive technology  First hominid to migrate andFirst hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe andleave Africa for Europe and Asia.Asia.  First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )  BIPEDALISMBIPEDALISM
  9. 9. Are we all AfricansAre we all Africans ““under the skinunder the skin””????????
  10. 10. 200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE HOMO SAPIENSHOMO SAPIENS (( ““Wise Human BeingWise Human Being”” )) NeanderthalsNeanderthals ( 200,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE )( 200,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE ) Cro-MagnonsCro-Magnons ( 40,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE )( 40,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE )
  11. 11. NEANDERTHALS:NEANDERTHALS:  Neander Valley,Neander Valley, Germany (1856)Germany (1856)  First humans to buryFirst humans to bury their dead.their dead.  Made clothes fromMade clothes from animal skins.animal skins.  Lived in caves andLived in caves and tents.tents.
  12. 12. NEANDERTHALSNEANDERTHALS Early Hut/TentEarly Hut/Tent
  13. 13. CRO-MAGNONs:CRO-MAGNONs:  Homo sapiens sapiensHomo sapiens sapiens (( ““Wise, wise humanWise, wise human”” ))  By 30,000 BCE theyBy 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.replaced Neanderthals. WHY???WHY???
  14. 14. 70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
  15. 15.  ““NeolithicNeolithic””  ““New StoneNew Stone”” AgeAge  10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE  Gradual shift from:Gradual shift from: Nomadic lifestyleNomadic lifestyle  settled, stationery lifestyle.settled, stationery lifestyle. Hunting/GatheringHunting/Gathering  agricultural production andagricultural production and domestication of animals.domestication of animals.
  16. 16.  8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE  Agriculture developed independently inAgriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.different parts of the world.  SLASH-AND-BURN FarmingSLASH-AND-BURN Farming Middle East India Central America China Southeast AsiaMiddle East India Central America China Southeast Asia 8,000 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE8,000 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
  17. 17. DevelopmentDevelopment of Agricultureof Agriculture ? ? ? ?
  18. 18. Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?
  19. 19. Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?
  20. 20.  Growing crops on a regular basis made possible theGrowing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.support of larger populations.  More permanent, settled communities emerged.More permanent, settled communities emerged.  9,000 BCE9,000 BCE  Earliest Agricultural Settlement atEarliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMOJARMO ( northern Iraq )( northern Iraq )  wheatwheat
  21. 21.  8,000 BCE8,000 BCE  Largest Early Settlement atLargest Early Settlement at Çatal HÇatal Hüüyükyük ( Modern Turkey )( Modern Turkey )  6,000 inhabitants6,000 inhabitants  Division of laborDivision of labor  Engaged in tradeEngaged in trade  Organized religion  Small militarySmall military  12 cultivated crops12 cultivated crops An obsidian daggerAn obsidian dagger
  22. 22. Çatal HüyükÇatal Hüyük
  23. 23. AdvancedAdvanced CitiesCities SpecializedSpecialized WorkersWorkers ComplexComplex InstitutionsInstitutions Record-Record- KeepingKeeping AdvancedAdvanced TechnologyTechnology

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