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Foaling & Foal Care

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Foaling & Foal Care

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Foaling & Foal Care

  1. 1. EQUINE MEDICINE Foaling and Foal Care
  2. 2. Foal Development
  3. 3. Impending Parturition • Pendulous abdomen • Udder enlargement • Waxing of teats • Enlarged milk veins • Relaxation – Tail head – Croup – Perineal area • Decreased appetite • Personality change
  4. 4. Foaling Equipment • Nolvasan solution • Tail bandages • Sterile roll cotton • Adhesive tape • Biozide ointment • Clean towel • Fleet enema • Pail • Thermometer
  5. 5. Labor and Parturition • Stage 1 – Uterine contractions – Cervix relaxation – Foal moves into position – Minutes to days in length – End-allantois through cervix • Water breaks
  6. 6. Labor and Parturition • Stage 2 – Labor contractions – Length-30min-1 hr – Normal position- • On stomach • Front feet first • Muzzle on knees
  7. 7. Labor and Parturition • Stage 3 – Expulsion of the placenta
  8. 8. Postpartum • Involution of the uterus – Mare • Consider bran mashes • Increased energy needs • Uterine discharge-14 days • Foal heat-7-9 days
  9. 9. Postpartum • Foal- – Standing within 1 hour – Nursing within 2 hours – Passive transfer • > 800 normal • 600-800 partial failure • < 400 complete failure
  10. 10. Premature Foals Before 320 days of gestation
  11. 11. Foal Care • Navel – Break naturally • Dilute Nolvasan – Navel ill • Signs-lameness • Drainage • Swollen joints • Fever • Not nursing
  12. 12. Foal Care • Meconium – First manure – Passage 3-24 hrs – Signs- • Colic • Straining • Elevating tail
  13. 13. Foal Care • Exercise – First full day of life – Turn out alone-first week
  14. 14. Foal Care • Handling – Begin first day of life! – Before weaning • Haltering • Leading • Grooming • Lifting feet • Deworming • Vaccinations
  15. 15. Foal Care • Weaning – 4-6 months – Complete separation – Gradual separation – Groups • Mare care – Groups=less stress – Monitor milk production
  16. 16. Castration • Range-birth to two years – Timing • Individual behavior • Weather • Management practices – Cryptorchid • One or both testicles in abdomen • 15 months

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