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Patient Nursing Care

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Patient Nursing Care

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Patient Nursing Care

  1. 1. Equine Medicine Patient Nursing Care
  2. 2. Points to Consider: • Social Animals • Groom daily • Clean stall daily • Check water daily • Hand walk/graze daily if horse able
  3. 3. Types of Exams • Physical Exam • Observe from a distance • TPR • Mucus Membrane color • GI Motility • Urine Output • Limbs
  4. 4. Types of Exams • Lameness Examination • Passive Exam • Observation in stall • Palpation of limbs • Hoof tester exam • Active Exam • Observation at working gaits • Observation under saddle • Flexion of joints
  5. 5. Types of Exams • Ophthalmic Examination • Clinical Exam • Symmetry, size, appearance • Reflex Exam • Menace • Palpebral • PLR
  6. 6. Types of Exams • Ophthalmic Examination • Diagnostic Testing • Nerve Blocks • Auriculopalpebral • Frontal (Supraorbital) • Schirmer Test • Reflex tearing • Corneal Staining • Fluorescein • Stain defects green • Rose Bengal Dye • Tear film integrity
  7. 7. Types of Exams • Ophthalmic Exam • Nasolacrimal Patency • Anterior Chamber • Uveitis • Intraocular Pressure • normal=16-30 mm Hg • Lens • Position & opacities • Retina/Optic Nerve • Color, scars, detachment
  8. 8. Types of Exams • Ophthalmic Exam • Other tests • Ultrasound • CT • MRI
  9. 9. Types of Exams • Neurological Exam • Head • Mental status • Cranial nerves • Gait & Posture • Straight line • Flat & hills • Over obstacles • Tail pull • Head elevated • Blindfold

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