Behavior, Common Management Practices

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Behavior, Common Management Practices

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Behavior, Common Management Practices

  1. 1. EQUINE MEDICINE Behavior, Common Management Practices
  2. 2. Permanent Records • Should Include • Permanent identification • Reproductive history • Weight and condition scores • Normal TPR • Deworming history • Vaccination history • Illnesses • Surgeries • Shoeing
  3. 3. Equine Senses Sight Hearing Touch Smell Taste
  4. 4. Sight • Monocular • Binocular • Blind spot
  5. 5. Sight • Visual Acuity • Visual Streak • Light & Dark Adaption • Depth Perception • Color Vision
  6. 6. Hearing • Pitch • Volume • Sounds • Anticipation
  7. 7. Touch, Smell & Taste • Touch • Whiskers • Muzzle • Smell • Flehmen • Taste
  8. 8. Reflexes • Suck • Withdrawal • Croup & Perineal Chains • Cutaneous Trunchal Chain
  9. 9. Communication • Contentment • Friendly • Alert • Unfriendly • Impatient • Annoyance • Fright/Fury
  10. 10. Body Language • Hindquarters • Head & Neck • Teeth • Lips • Nostrils • Ears
  11. 11. Body Language • Eyes • Legs • Tail
  12. 12. Vocal Language • Exhale • Sharp Blow • Whinny • Scream • Nicker • Grunt • Squeal
  13. 13. Communication with Horses • Natural Aids • Body • Mind • Voice
  14. 14. Mental Processes • Power of Association • Anticipation • Memory • Imprinting • Modeling • Habituation • Sacking Out • Flooding
  15. 15. Stall Maintenance • Bedding • Straw • Wood Shavings/Sawdust • Wood Pellets • Paper
  16. 16. Stall Maintenance • Floor • Dirt/Decomposed Granite • Concrete • Mats • Wood • Sand
  17. 17. Stall Maintenance • Stalls • Good ventilation • Open pipes • Partially enclosed • Wood • Metal • Cinder block • Pre-fab
  18. 18. Fly Control • Sanitation • Manure removal • Drainage • Prevent overstocking • Chemical control • Spray on • Bait stations • Traps • Biological control • Predators
  19. 19. Pasture Management • Over/Under grazing • Rotate often • Mow regularly • Drag annually • Fertilize as needed
  20. 20. Toxic Plants • Fiddleneck • Photosensitization • Weight loss • Jaundice • Foxglove • Heart irregularities • Diarrhea • Labored breathing • Locoweed • Incoordination • Weight loss
  21. 21. Toxic Plants • Nightshade • Trembling • Incoordination • Diarrhea • Sagebrush • Excitability • Falling • Yellow Star Thistle • Tongue hanging • Smiling expression
  22. 22. Toxic Plants • Avocado • Colic • Diarrhea • Mastitis • Azalea • Diarrhea • Colic • Depression • Incoordination • Sudan Grass • Frequent urination/defecation • Tremors
  23. 23. Toxic Plants • Oleander • Sweating • Bloody diarrhea • Colic • Black Walnut • Laminitis • Morning Glory • Excitability • Salivation

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