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Radio broadcasting and scriptwriting


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my division presentation on Campus Journalism

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Radio broadcasting and scriptwriting

  1. 1. Radio Broadcasting and Scriptwriting Presented by: Cleo U. Barawid, RGC Division Seminar on Campus Journalism August 30-September 1, 2016
  2. 2. The Radio
  3. 3. Attributes of a Radio -versatility -practicality -accessibility -dependability -cost effective -longevity -real time -expansive coverage
  4. 4. TOOLS FOR BROADCASTING  -Effective Speaker  Sound and Efficient Equipment/Functional Facilities  Clean directional policies
  5. 5. THE EFFECTIVE SPEAKER – knowledgeable, smart, well-modulated and good voice quality
  6. 6. The Charismatic and Persuasive Broadcaster  Charming, appealing, pleasant, convincing
  7. 7. The Responsible Broadcaster  -has social awareness, sensibility, and is receptive to issues, has the moral high ground, stands his ground against adversaries… ABS-CBN News personality Atom Araullo has resigned from his reportorial duties for TV Patrol, Bandila, and ANC. However, Araullo remains as one of the hosts for the TV station’s morning show, Umagang Kay Ganda, and Red Alert. Recently, Araullo has been expressing strong opinion on issues, such as the controversy surrounding the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani and certain policies of the present administration. Thus, instead of being accused as a biased reporter and thereby affect the integrity of the News Department, Araullo opted to resign.
  8. 8. The Accountable Broadcaster Acknowledges mistakes, knows his/her limitations, answerable for deeds and actions, willingness to take responsibility
  9. 9. The Entertainer Broadcaster  - appealing style, flamboyant and visible, can carry and handle an audience, a good sense of humor
  10. 10. Three Main Tasks of Broadcasting News Gathering Scriptwriting Delivery
  11. 11. The Radio Script The radio script refers to the written material, which indicates verbal and non-verbal action that has to go into the radio program. It tells us what to do and say and when and how.
  12. 12. Importance of Radio Script -ensure accuracy of information ensure continuity of the program -maximize airtime
  13. 13. Things to Remember in Script Writing  Double or triple space-typewrite all lines and paragraphs.  Type copy in big letter/font so the news reader can easily read it.  All spoken lines should be written in big and small letters.  All instructions and non-spoken lines should be typed in capital letters.
  14. 14. Cont. Things to Remember in Script Writing  Have a duplicate of each copy.  Make each sentence a paragraph.  Write a page number in your script.  End each page with a paragraph before using another paper.  Make your script clean.  Make the script short and simple.
  15. 15. Cont. Things to Remember in Script Writing  -Do not use words which are hard to pronounce.  Don’t text write.  Break down long sentences for readability.  Attribute the source of your news either at the beginning or at the end of the news.  Use easy, conversation words.
  16. 16. Cont. Things to Remember in Script Writing  Avoid “this, that, the former, the latter”  Use adjectives with care.  Do not string together a collection of ideas with “and”, sentences should be kept short.  Use the active voice.  Sample Wrong: Ang naganap na sunud-sunod na nakawan sa mga paaralan ay ipinasisiyasat ni Mayor Pilot Bihasa.  Correct: Ipinasisiyasat ni Mayor Pilot Bihasa ang sunud- sunod na nakawan sa mga paaralan.
  17. 17. Cont. Things to Remember in Script Writing  Round-off figures/numbers Egs. Change 2.6213 million to more than 2 and a half million 35.7002 percent to nearly 36 percent Umabot sa may 10.356 milyong piso to Umabot sa mahigit sampung milyong piso -Write out symbols and fractions -Avoid abbreviations. -Provide phonetic spelling
  18. 18. Cont. Things To Remember in Script Writing Speech has rhythm and this should be kept in mind when writing a script. Key repetitive statements would help the listener get the message.
  19. 19. Basic Steps/Process in Radio Script Writing  Get a good briefing/know your listener  Do research about the topic  Prepare content outline  Write the first draft.  Read it aloud. Time the material.  Visualize the script  Review the script  Revise for style, correct timing, and accuracy
  20. 20. Timing the Newscast Program  05:00 Newscast Program  01:30 Ads and Infomercial/s  00:10 Station ID  00:30 Intro, Bumpers, and Teasers  02:50 Time left for News
  21. 21. BUMPER, TEASER, and BILLBOARD  BUMPER is used between the news and commercial breaks.  It tells the listener that there is a break but there are still more news coming up.  Example: “We’ll be back for more news after these words from our sponsors.”
  22. 22. BUMPER, TEASER, and BILLBOARD  It is used to stimulate curiosity so that listeners will stay tuned in to the news.  Example: “Waling waling to replace Sampaguita as our national flower?”  “Bea Alonzo at Gerald Anderson, nagkakamabutihan na nga ba?”
  23. 23. BUMPER, TEASER, and BILLBOARD  BILLBOARD is usually heard after the news.  It tells the listeners who sponsored the news or infomercial.  Example: “This infomercial is brought to you by the Department of Health and this station.
  24. 24. FORMAT in Writing a Radio Script (Title Page)  PROGRAM TITLE: Express Patrol  STATION: DWSJ 99.9  Airtime: 8:00-8:05 a.m. daily  Date of Newscast: August 30, 2016  Talents:  Anchor: __________  Reporters: ________  Field Reporters:____  Sound Technician:___  Director:____________
  25. 25. STORY TAGS  -The final step to indicate the story has ended or has more details in the next page.  1. Put ### at the end of the page to indicate that the story has ended or put (more) at the end of the page to let the broadcaster know that there is another page.  2. If you must split a story into two pages, never break a sentence. Always end a page with a complete sentence.
  26. 26. Terms Used on a News Wheel  ENGLISH FILIPINO  Headlines Ulo  National Pambansa  Local/Provincial Probinsiya  Infomercial Patalastas  Foreign Ibayong Dagat  Showbiz Showbis  Sports Palakasan  Weather Lagay ng Panahon