Ingles teste 2pdf


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Ingles teste 2pdf

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences• Conditional Sentence Type 1→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.• Form: if + Simple Present, will-FutureExample: If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.
  2. 2. Conditional Sentences• Conditional Sentence Type 2→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.• Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.
  3. 3. Conditional Sentences• Conditional Sentence Type 3→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.• Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)• Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.
  4. 4. Conditional Sentences• 1ª condicional: If + present → will (situação hipotética no futuro).• 2ª condicional: If + past → would (situação hipotética no presente).• 3ª condicional: If + past participle → would + past participle (situação hipotética no passado).
  5. 5. Phrasal Verbs• A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.• Example: I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home
  6. 6. Simple Past• [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs• Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past• Os verbos no SIMPLE PAST são empregados para indicar uma ação completamente terminada no passado ou uma ocorrência habitual de ações no passado.
  7. 7. Present Perfect Simple
  8. 8. Use of Present Perfect• puts emphasis on the result Example: She has written five letters.• action that is still going on Example: School has not started yet.• action that stopped recently Example: She has cooked dinner.• finished action that has an influence on the present Example: I have lost my key.• action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking Example: I have never been to Australia.
  9. 9. Present Perfect Simple
  10. 10. Present Perfect Simple• O tempo verbal present perfect simple forma-se da seguinte maneira: HAS / HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (ed) onde HAS / HAVE = verbo auxiliar to have no Presente e PAST PARTICIPLE = verbo principal no Particípio Passado• O PAST PARTICIPLE dos verbos regulares termina em -ed (ex. washed, played, listened).• A terminação nos verbos irregulares faz-se de forma diferente (ex. broken, done, known).• Na negativa, adiciona-se NOT a seguir ao verbo auxiliar HAS / HAVE.• Na interrogativa, invertem-se o verbo auxiliar HAS / HAVE e o sujeito.
  11. 11. Present Perfect Continuous• [has/have + been + present participle]• We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now• O tempo verbal present perfect continuous forma-se da seguinte maneira: HAS / HAVE BEEN + -ING onde HAS / HAVE BEEN = verbo auxiliar be no present perfect e -ING = verbo principal terminado em -ing (ex. doing, reading)
  12. 12. Present Perfect Continuous
  13. 13. Present PerfectContinuous
  14. 14. Present Perfect Continuous• uma série de acções repetidas.• acções que duram há algum tempo e cujos resultados estão ainda presentes• acções que começam no passado e decorrem durante todo o tempo até ao momento em que se fala. Poderão, no entanto, prolongar-se no futuro
  15. 15. Present Perfect Continuous
  16. 16. Present Perfect Simple – Present Perfect Continuous
  17. 17. Present Perfect Simple – Present Perfect Continuous• Both tenses are used to express • Ambos os tempos são that an action began in the past and usados ​para expressar uma is still going on or has just finished. ação que começou no In many cases, both forms are passado e ainda está em correct, but there is often a difference in meaning: We use the curso ou que tenha acabado. Present Perfect Simple mainly to Em muitos casos, ambas as express that an action is completed formas estão corretas, mas or to emphasise the result. We use muitas vezes há uma diferença the Present Perfect Progressive to de significado: Usamos o emphasise the duration or Simple Present Perfect, continuous course of an action. sobretudo para exprimir que uma ação está concluída ou para enfatizar o resultado. Usamos o Present Perfect Progressive para enfatizar a duração ou curso contínuo de uma ação.
  18. 18. Reported Speech
  19. 19. Reported Speech• Usamos "Reported Speech" (discurso indirecto) para relatar o que aconteceu num diálogo, sem que precisemos usar aspas ou fazer citações. Ex.: Direct Speech --> He said: "I dont want to go to school."• Reported Speech --> He said he didnt want to go to school.
  20. 20. Reported Speech