India Developed


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Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us.
In this world, fear has no place.
Only strength respects strength.

Dream the Change! Be the Change!

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India Developed

  1. 1. India Developed Dream the Change! Be the Change! 1
  2. 2. Dream, Dream, Dream Dreams transform into thoughts And thoughts result in action. Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. In this world, fear has no place. Only strength respects strength. 2
  3. 3. Preface Ignited young minds, we feel, are a powerful resource. We must all work together to transform our ‘developing India’ into a ‘developed India’, and the revolution required for this effort must start in our minds. This report will hopefully be the source for igniting many minds. We have written this report as an expression of our faith in the potential of India and our countrymen. We have all resources we need, whether it be people, talent, natural bounty or other assets. Scarcity of resources is not the cause of our problems. Our problems originate in our approach towards them. With our resources and the money we spend we could easily accomplish three times what we do, in half time we normally take, if we operate in mission mode with a vision for the nation. We want to live in a prosperous India without poverty, an India strong in trade and commerce, an India strong in many fields of science and technology, an India with innovative industry and with health and education for all. We are ready to Dream the Change. We are ready to Be the Change. 3
  4. 4. Acknowledgement We would like to mention two books whose ideas we found especially relevant to our theme. They were Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India and India 2020: A Vision for the new millennium, both by Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam. We would like to thank Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam for igniting our minds. 4
  5. 5. Table of Contents Preface 04 Acknowledgement 05 Methodology 07 Summary 08 1. What do we mean by developed India? 09 1.1 What makes a country developed? 09 1.2 The Total Development 09 1.3 The Development in terms of a Common Man 10 2. Awaking the Generation 11 2.1 What History says? 11 2.1.1 The Liberation of India 11 2.1.2 The Foundation Of Israel 12 2.1.3 The Reunification of Germany 15 2.1.4 The Rise of Japan 17 2.2 Igniting the Minds 19 2.3 Being Proud, Being Confident, Being Focused 20 2.4 Thinking, Analyzing and Making People Understand 21 3. Where do we stand? 22 3.1 The Knowledge Society 22 3.2 The Fast-Growing Economy 23 3.3 The Largest Democracy 29 3.4 Corruption Everywhere 30 3.5 The Second Largest Population 31 3.6 The Widespread Poverty 32 3.7 The Illiterate Section 34 3.8 The National Security 36 3.9 We Are Changing 39 4. Dream the Change! Be the Change! 40 4.1 Changing the Education System 40 4.2 Changing Habits to Change Future 42 4.3 Modifying The Reservation System 45 4.4 Terrorism has No Religion 47 4.5 The Technology Vision 48 Conclusion 51 Song of Youth 52 Bibliography 53 Webliography 54 5
  6. 6. Methodology We were inspired to prepare this report and the lot of data was needed. The sources of our data collection were as follows: Books Magazine Archives TV Channel Archives Newspaper Archives Internet Blogs National Portal of India 6
  7. 7. Summary India Developed is not just a report; it’s something we want to achieve desperately. A nation’s wealth is the young generation of the country. We want the Indian Youth to realize the current situation of India. We want them to step ahead to change it. We hope to ignite the minds of the Indian Youth through this report. We have tried to configure a pathway to developed India. We want every Indian to Dream the Change and Be the Change! 7
  8. 8. 1 What do we mean by Developed India? Only when we have wiped the tears from the faces of all, have we truly arrived as a nation. -Mahatma Gandhi 1.1 What makes a Country Developed? The obvious indicators are the wealth of the nation, the prosperity of its people and its standing in the international forum. There are many indicators regarding the wealth of a nation: the Gross National Product (GNP), the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the balance of payments, foreign exchange reserves, rate of economical growth, per capita income, etc. In addition, the volume of trade, the share in international trade (both imports and exports) and rate of growth in both of these also provides an idea about the strength of economy and its ability to sustain the wealth created and to create more. Economic indicators are important, but they provide only a part of the picture. Per capita income can indicate the wealth in the hands of people. Per capita income does not indicate that they all have the same amount of money .It is the average of the rich and poor. The same per capita figure also does not indicate the amount of well being within a country or even within a state or region. For purposes of global comparisons, a new parameter, such as purchasing power parity, is nowadays being used. Complex models are also being discussed, debated and used as indices of human development. All of them only present certain facets of living conditions. These statistics do not indicate the long term sustainability of the quality of life achieved by people. 1.2 The Total Development It's not just about economic development, but more importantly social & technical development, which will automatically lead to economical growth. Many parameters are utilized to indicate how well 8
  9. 9. people are fed; their overall nutritional status; the availability of good nutrition during various phases of their growth and lives; the average life expectancy; the infant mortality rate; the availability of sanitation; the availability of drinking water and its quality; the quantum of living space; broad categories of human habitat; the incidence of various diseases, dysfunctions, disorders or disabilities; the access to medical facilities; literacy; the availability of schools and educational facilities; various levels of skills to cope with fast changing economic and social demands; and so on. It does not make sense to achieve a ‘developed’ status without a major and continuing upliftment of all Indians who exist today and of the many more millions who would be added in the years to come. They should all have a secure and enjoyable ’present’ and also be in a position to look forward to a better ‘future’. Such a developed India is what we are looking for. 1.3 The Development in terms of the Common Man What does the developed nation status mean in terms of the common man? It means the major transformation of our national economy to make it one of the largest economies in the world; where the country men live well above the poverty line, their education and health is of high standard; national security reasonably assured, and the core competence in certain major areas gets enhanced significantly so that the production 28 of quality goods, including exports, is rising and thereby bringing all round prosperity for the countrymen. What is the common link needed to realize these sub goals? It is the technological strength of the nation, which is the key to reach this developed status. In this quest of being a superpower, we should not miss the bonding between the people. Hence when we talk of developing India, we mean developing the thinking process of the people of India. We expect the people of India to be gelled together with the common link of being the Indians. 9
  10. 10. 2 Awaking the Generation Think, Dream, Innovate & Change Nations are built by the imagination and untiring enthusiastic efforts of generations. One generation transfers the fruits of its toil to another which then takes forward the mission. As the coming generation also has its dreams and aspirations for the nation’s future, it therefore adds something from its side to the national vision; which the next generation strives hard to achieve. This process goes on and the nation climbs steps of glory and gains higher strengths. 2.1 What the History says? In the past whenever a revolution has occurred, the whole generation has participated. 2.1.1 The Liberation of India Any organization, society or even a nation without a vision is like a ship cruising on the high seas without any aim or direction .It is clarity of national vision which constantly drives the people towards the goal. The glorious generation of freedom fighters, led by Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, and many others set for the nation a vision of free India. This was the first vision, set by the people for the nation. It, therefore, went deep into the minds and the hearts of the masses and soon became the great inspiring and driving force for the people to collectively plunge into the struggle for freedom movement. The unified dedicated efforts of the people from every walk of life won freedom for the country. In the pre-Independence days, India had many dreamers; many capable women and men thinking of a strong and modern India. Many of them took the initiative in various 10
  11. 11. fields, political, social, economic, industrial, educational, literary, scientific, engineering, and the religious. They enriched India by their actions, and reflected different facets of our independence struggle. Independent India was enriched by this Inheritance. 11
  12. 12. 2.1.2 The Foundation of Israel Israel was born as a nation in 1948, under very difficult circumstances. Israelis were not just satisfied with having a home of their own. They had a further vision: to be able to meet not only their immediate food and water requirements, but also those of the future. They wanted food and water security, in a place which was a desert. Water was scarce. They were surrounded by hostile nations, and had very little by way of natural resources. They were a small country too. Yet they not only had a vision for food security, but also aimed to become a leader in agrofood products and set standards in terms of productivity, yield or even in absolute production in many items of food, be it milk or fruit or other commodities. They did deploy a larger amount of technology in this venture, leading to Israel being today a leader in agriculture and agrofood related technologies. Israel did not stop merely at food security in food and agriculture. It needed defense. They have remarkable capability in defense and military equipment, including missiles. They sought nuclear, space and electronics capability, and no have several excellent products and technologies. Israel is globally acknowledged as a technological, military and economic power. That is due to its long term vision and sustained action. 12
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  14. 14. 2.1.3 The Reunification of Germany It existed for 184 years, the German Question. It arose on August 6, 1806 when Franz II, the last Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, bowed down to an ultimatum from Napoleon, laid down his crown, relieved the Estates of their duties and thereby dissolved the “Old Empire”. In terms of the old demand for “unity in freedom”, the German Question was resolved on October 3, 1990, with the approval of the four former occupying powers, when the German Democratic Republic acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany. At a state act in the Berlin Philharmonie Richard von Weizsäcker, the German President, described the historical importance of reunification in a sentence that has gone down in the annals of German history: “The day has come on which for the first time in history the whole of Germany takes a permanent place among Western democracies.” For united Germany, a new era of exceptional challenges began. They had lost everything in the past, but now they were up for the challenges. They were inspired for change. Now, Germany is renowned for the quality of its products with the trademark “made in Germany”. Germany is the largest economy in the European Union and the third largest in the world. Germany is Europe’s no. 1 in terms of patent registrations. Together with Japan and the United States, Germany, with its 11,188 triad patent registrations, is among the world’s three most innovative countries. Thanks to its six renowned manufacturers VW, Audi, BMW, Daimler, Porsche and Opel (General Motors), Germany takes its place alongside Japan and the USA as one of the top three automobile manufacturers in the world. They are undoubtedly the technological power house of the world. After the Second World War, Germany was twice all but destroyed. And yet its people’s sense of destiny never dimmed. From the ashes of the Second World War, it has emerged as a nation economically powerful and politically assertive. If Germany can be a great nation, why can’t India? 14
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  16. 16. 2.1.4 The Rise of Japan In the sixties, the Japanese were not technological leaders. In fact, Japanese products during that period were known more for their poor quality. The country had to import technologies in a major way. But the Japanese made it a point, mostly through voluntary action by their industries and government agencies, to invest about four times more towards their own technology development for every unit of money they spent in importing technology. This was meant to develop internal technological core competencies in their industries and institutions. Over a period of about two decades they have reached the status of a net exporter of technology and become one of the world’s great economic powers, though their own natural resources are practically negligible in most sectors. 16
  17. 17. In many ways, Japan can be considered the country that has pioneered the systematization of a long term technological vision of the country as whole, and translated its vision into reality through trading agencies, industry, laboratories, universities, financial institutions and government agencies. How did Japan achieve this status? Not overnight, but over about two decades, with large team in industries, laboratories, government, financial institutions, users, and consumers holding steadfast to their vision of a developed Japan and working hard to ensure that the vision was realized. 17
  18. 18. This vision was shared by politicians, administrators, diplomats, businessmen, scientists, engineers, technicians, bankers and people from several other occupations. Whenever a Japanese agency or industry imported a technology, they did not rest in peace. They worked hard to understand it and to improve upon it. In the process they spent almost four times as much as the value of imported technology in generating their own technologies, because they knew that a developed Japan could become a reality only when it was technologically component and when it could develop its designs. The results are before us: a country divested by war and two nuclear bombs, and subjected to humiliating conditions after the Second World War, is now accepted as one of the world’s seven most powerful countries. Japan has very limited natural resources and was restricted in its attempts to acquire military strength. It has won through a technological race, inspired by a vision. The Japanese are proud of being one people, having one culture, and because of that they could transform a humiliating military defeat into a triumphant economic victory. It is good to read, hear and see what others have done. However, the conclusions regarding what is good for our country are to be shaped by our own people. 2.2 Igniting the Minds Nations consist of people. And with their effort a nation can accomplish all it could ever want. Every nation has struggled to achieve its goals. Generations have given their best to make life better for their offspring. There is nothing mysterious or hidden about this, no alternative to effort. The previous generation has put India strongly on the path of economic, agricultural and technological development. And yet we fail to follow the winning track. India has stood too long in the line of developing nations. More than the problems outside – globalization, recession, inflation, insurgency, instability and so on – it’s 18
  19. 19. the inertia that has gripped the national psyche, the mindset of defeat. When we will begin to believe in our goals, what we dream of will start becoming a reality and the results will begin to follow. We need to motivate the Youth of India. As the first step towards developed India, we must ignite the minds of this generation with the vision of developed India. It’s very difficult to change those who are already having a wrong mindset, but we can change ourselves & the next generations. Every kid follows its parents. If parents, for example, throw wastes at public places, then the kid would do the same & this is the way it's been happening so far. Whatever things the previous generations did, we have been following them without evaluating whether they were right or wrong. We need to avoid the mistakes they did & which we may do, in due course of time. 2.3 Being Proud, Being Confident, Being Focused We must change our mindset. We need to be proud of ourselves. And we can be so, only when we will ensure that we do only such things which we can be proud of. We can be proud of ourselves only when we are fully convinced that, we have not done anything which will adversely affect our society and have tried our best to help others. We need to think over everything we do. We have to analyze any activity, we do, with respect to all possible effects it can have, as many small things, we do in our day to day life, matter most to our country. We need to be confident about our decisions & we can be so, only when we take our decisions after looking at all aspects of the situation. To cover each & every aspect we have to remain focused. Our Decisions will take us either towards the development or towards the downfall & we have to ensure they take us to developed India. Decisions, what we take, make our mindset. As whenever we have done something, which we feel should not have, we feel deprived of ourselves. Hence being proud of ourselves means to try to avoid any 19
  20. 20. such activity. Being proud does not mean being rude. Being proud does not mean being satisfied about what we are or where we are, but it's all about having faith in ourselves to overcome whatever challenges we may face. This is what we lack in our society and that's why we are still developing. We need to change this as quickly as possible. As mindset of individuals in society collectively becomes the mindset of the society. 2.4 Thinking, Analyzing and Making People Understand We should always try to think about each & everything happening around us. We must make our own opinion about it, no matter whether it is right or wrong. We need to speak about it with others. We should compare our opinion with the others, this would help us developing our opinion accordingly. Most importantly, we should be always ready to accept that, our opinion might be wrong. We must respect opinions of others. Until we are not sure about whether we are right or wrong, we should keep on discussing the issue with as many people as we can, as they might come up with something better than what we have thought. This way we can come closer to a definite opinion about that particular issue. Now, that's half job done. As an individual we have the proper opinion about that particular issue, but that's not enough at all. We must make people understand, what we have analyzed. To convince people with some previous misconceptions is the most difficult job to be done. Making people understand & conveying the proper message is an art. We need to be confident that our opinion is nearly right, so that we can remain firm with our opinion. While explaining our views to others, we must listen to what they are saying. If we come across any good point we should add it to ours, but not before we analyze it in all aspects. If we clear each & every confusion of the people, then they will accept our views. These people should try to convince others. This way, if we change the mindset of people of India, a generation will rise to transform India into a developed nation. As the generation will awake, country will rise to its actual capabilities. 20
  21. 21. 3 Where do We stand? If I were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power & beauty that nature can bestow - in some parts a very paradise on earth – I should point to India. -F. Max Mueller 3.1 The Knowledge Society Ancient India was an advanced knowledge society. Invasions and colonial rule destroyed its institutions and robbed it of its core competence. We have been systematically degraded to lower levels of existence. By the time British left, our youth had lowered their aims and we were satisfied earning an ordinary livelihood. India is essentially a land of knowledge and it must rediscover itself in this aspect. Once this discovery is done, it will not require much struggle to achieve the quality of life, strength and sovereignty of a developed nation. Still, Indians are most sought after for innovative solutions. Is our education system capable of sustaining this trend? We don’t think so. Things have started going other way with the Indian students having lack of practical knowledge to survive on the global platform. This is wasting the money and the time of our industry to train them according to the job requirement. India is essentially a land of knowledge and it must rediscover itself in this aspect. Once this discovery is done, it will not require much struggle to achieve the quality of life, strength and sovereignty of a developed nation. 21
  22. 22. 3.2 The Fast-Growing Economy The idea that India is a poor country is a relatively recent one. Historically, South Asia was always famous as the richest region of the globe. Ever since Alexander the Great first penetrated the Hindu Kush, Europeans fantasized about the wealth of these lands where the Greek geographers said that gold was dug by up by gigantic ants and guarded by griffins, and where precious jewels were said to lie scattered on the ground like dust. What changed was the advent of European colonialism. Following Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to the East in 1498, European colonial traders — first the Portuguese, then the Dutch and finally the British — slowly wrecked the old trading network and imposed with their cannons and caravels a Western imperial system of command economics. It was only at the very end of the 18th century, after the East India Company began to cash in on the Mughal Empire's riches, which Europe had for the first time in history a favorable balance of trade with Asia. The era of Indian economic decline had begun, and it was precipitous. In 1600, when the East India Company was founded, Britain was generating 1.8% of the world's GDP, while India was producing 22.5%. By 1870, at the peak of the Raj, Britain was generating 9.1%, while India had been reduced for the first time to the epitome of a Third World nation, a symbol across the globe of famine, poverty and deprivation. Looking back at the role Europeans have played in South Asia until their departure in August 1947, there is certainly much that the West can be said to have contributed to Indian life: the Portuguese brought the chili pepper, while the British brought that other essential staple, tea — as well as the arguably more important innovations including democracy and the rule of law, railways, cricket and the English language. All contributed to India's economic resurrection. But the British should keep their nostalgia and self-satisfaction surrounding the colonial period within strict limits. For all the irrigation projects, the great engineering achievements and the famous imperviousness to 22
  23. 23. bribes of the officers of the Indian Civil Service, the Raj nevertheless presided over the destruction of India's political, cultural and artistic self-confidence as well as the impoverishment of the Indian economy. Sixty years after independence, India is beginning to deliver on its promise. Over the past few years the world's biggest and rowdiest democracy has matched its political freedoms with economic ones, unleashing a torrent of growth and wealth creation that is transforming the lives of millions. India's economic clout is beginning to make itself felt on the international stage, as the nation retakes the place it held as a global-trade giant long before colonial powers ever arrived there. India is a fast-growing economy; with large, skilled workforce but widespread poverty. Our country has a burgeoning urban middle class and has made great strides in fields such as information technology. Its large, skilled workforce makes it a popular choice for international companies seeking to outsource work. It is worth remembering this as India aspires to superpower status. Economic futurologists all agree that China and India during the 21st century will come to dominate the global economy. Various intelligence agencies estimate that China will overtake the U.S. between 2030 and 2040 and India will overtake the U.S. by roughly 2050, as measured in dollar terms. Measured by purchasing-power parity, India is already on the verge of overtaking 23
  24. 24. Japan to become the third largest economy in the world. It is worth remembering this as India aspires to superpower status. Economic futurologists all agree that China and India during the 21st century will come to dominate the global economy. Various intelligence agencies estimate that China will overtake the U.S. between 2030 and 2040 and India will overtake the U.S. by roughly 2050, as measured in dollar terms. Measured by purchasing-power parity, India is already on the verge of overtaking Japan to become the third largest economy in the world. Today, things are slowly returning to historical norms. Last year the richest man in the U.K. was for the first time an ethnic Indian, Lakshmi Mittal, and Britain's largest steel manufacturer, Corus, has been bought by an Indian company, Mittal Steel. Extraordinary as it is, the rise of India and China is nothing more than a return to the ancient equilibrium of world trade, with Europeans no longer appearing as gun- toting, gunboat-riding colonial masters but instead reverting to their traditional role: that of eager consumers of the much celebrated manufactures, luxuries and services of the East. Indian corporations are proving to be formidable competitors in the global, information-driven economy. That's possible because India--the second most populous nation in the world, and projected to be by 2015 the most populous--is itself being transformed. Writers like to attach catchy tags to nations, which is why you have read plenty about the rise of Asian tigers and the Chinese dragon. Now here comes the elephant. India's economy is growing more than 8% a year. 24
  25. 25. Not so long ago, there was any surer way to get rich in a hurry than to bet on Indian stocks. Millions of Indians were finally clawing their way into the middle class, creating a new domestic consumer market, while companies in Mumbai and Bangalore emerged as global players in everything from outsourcing to pharmaceuticals. Investors went crazy. India's main stock index, the Sensex, has more than tripled in the past three years. Foreign institutional investors poured $30 billion into the Indian market in three years--double the amount they had invested in the previous decade. Firms like JP Morgan and Fidelity raced to set up India-focused mutual funds. Though the Indian market still looks as risky as it is tempting, the long-term picture remains sunny. A new word has appeared during water-cooler conversations in offices across the U.S. The term is Bangalored. It refers to India's high- tech hub, and it means your job has just moved to India without you. But in the shifting global labor market, vernacular can quickly become outdated. What is the term for a job that is outsourced to India only to be relayed to China or Romania? There is none--but one may soon be needed. That's because India, which virtually invented offshore outsourcing, is becoming a victim of its own success. Such companies as Infosys, Wipro and Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) grew into billion-dollar behemoths by tapping armies of quick-coding, English-speaking, low-wage techies to do the software programming and back-office tasks that US companies used to perform in-house. But Indian salaries are rising--the median annual wage for a software engineer jumped 11%, from $6,313 in 2004 to $7,010 in 2005, according to India's National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM)--and the country's technical colleges aren't producing highly skilled workers quickly enough. Foreign companies are turning to low-cost markets outside India, like China, the Philippines and Eastern Europe, to do more of their grunt work. China has much the same resources as us: great pools of talent and a young workforce--and better schools, airports and roads. 25
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  28. 28. 3.3 The Largest Democracy A generation of extraordinary revolutionaries cemented democracy in India. Mahatma Gandhi planted the spirit of an inclusive, secular nationalism at the grass roots. India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and his contemporaries nurtured it following independence, building democratic institutions and a system of checks and balances that remain entrenched to this day, while neighbors Pakistan and later Bangladesh routinely threw out constitutions and fell under bouts of military rule. Visitors always seem to be astonished by the cacophony of the Indian street and the vibrant mix of ethnicities, cultures and religions that gives it life. With a sixth of humanity living within its borders, India is more linguistically diverse than Europe. But, apart from a few hiccups along the way, it remains one of the most stable and unified societies in all of Asia. India has proven once and for all that countries which are poor and diverse can be democratic. The hurly-burly of India's politics is not for everyone. Elsewhere in Asia, many rulers have favored an orderly, sternly run society over a boisterous, democratic one. Taiwan, South Korea and Singapore all grew their economies while keeping politics under a short leash. Today, China, the Asian giant whose shadow looms largest over India, tightly monitors public opinion and swiftly quashes dissent. The Chinese leadership vaunts harmony over all else, and points to the hundreds of millions it lifted out of poverty in just two decades as a vindication of its development-first policies. It's an argument not easily dismissed. Even the fiercest supporters of Indian democracy cannot ignore its dark underbelly. We saw in recent elections dozens of candidates run despite holding criminal records; some of them even coordinated their campaigns using mobile phones while detained in prison. It's one thing if such behavior was an aberration, but, in India, this is par for the course. And as graft stifles the poor, separatist insurgencies in Kashmir and the country's troubled northeast continue to simmer, asking tough questions of a nation that values popular sovereignty and self-determination. 28
  29. 29. A trade-off between development and democracy can prove damaging. While China's economy soars, hundreds of millions of migrant workers and rural peasants have been left on the outside looking in. In India growth may have been slow, but over a period of time it is more certain and sustainable because of its democracy. Some would dispute that assertion, but there's no arguing that economic policies and commercial decisions in India rope in a greater number of stakeholders than in many other places in Asia. True, India, a noisy nation of over 1 billion voices, can't match the hyper-affluence of Singapore or China's titanic boom, but it shows that hearing those voices is the best long-term strategy. The future of the world is not just about growth rates. It's about the principle of human equality. Sixty years of freedom have bound all Indians, rich and poor, to a single commitment: democracy. India is neither east nor west as Rudyard Kipling saw it, but in its diversity and exuberance a reflection of something universal. 3.4 Corruption Everywhere Corruption pervades all strata of society — Transparency International ranks India worse than countries like El Salvador and Bulgaria in the corruption stakes — mostly because the nation's bloated, unwieldy bureaucracies encourage it. India ranks 83 in the list of least- corrupt countries. It is no mystery that underdevelopment and high degrees of corruption are highly correlated. There are causal links between the two and most likely these are bi-directional. Corruption is endogenous in most systems and clearly reflects the dominant cultural traits. In India, the web of corruption probably has a bureaucratic core. A vast bureaucracy that is instituted to control every aspect of economic life creates the incentives for individual and institutionalized corruption. Then the “democratic” political system uses that bureaucracy to extract rents that are used for fueling the vast political machinery. 29
  30. 30. The most disquieting aspect of the widespread corruption in India is the fact that it is not anymore confined to politicians or the government machinery alone. It is prevalent amongst almost every section of the society at every level. The most of the Indians are involved in corrupt practices in one way or the other, either due to greed or due to so called compulsion. In any case, the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of not getting involved in corrupt dealings is conspicuous by its absence amongst the most. The costs of corruption are manifest in various parts of the economy. Inadequate infrastructure, of course, is widely recognized as a serious impediment to India's advancement. Producing valuable goods is of limited utility if they cannot be transported in a timely fashion, for example. Transparency International estimates that Indian truckers pay something in the neighborhood of $5 billion annually in bribes to keep freight flowing. Corruption also cripples the effort to ameliorate poverty in India and to improve the country's stock of "human capital." 3.5 The Second Largest Population India's population of approximately 1.13 billion people (estimate for March 10, 2008) comprises approximately one-sixth of the world's population. Population in India density has risen concomitantly with the massive increases in population. In 1901 India counted some seventy- seven persons per square kilometer; in 1981 there were 216 persons per square kilometer; by 1991 there were 267 persons per square kilometer- -up almost 25 percent from the 1981 population density. India's average population density is higher than that of any other nation of comparable size. The highest densities are not only in heavily urbanized regions but also in areas that are mostly agricultural. Population of India growth in the years between 1950 and 1970 centered on areas of new irrigation projects, areas subject to refugee resettlement, and regions of urban expansion. Areas where population did not increase at a rate approaching the national average were those 30
  31. 31. facing the most severe economic hardships, overpopulated rural areas, and regions with low levels of urbanization. The results of the 1991 census revealed that around 221 million, or 26.1 percent, of Indian's population lived in urban areas. Of this total, about 138 million people, or 16 percent, lived in the 299 urban agglomerations. In 1991 the twenty-four metropolitan cities accounted for 51 percent of India's total population living in Class I urban centers, with Mumbai the largest at 12.6 million. In the early 1990s, growth was the most dramatic in the cities of central and southern India. About twenty cities in those two regions experienced a growth rate of more than 100 percent between 1981 and 1991. Areas subject to an influx of refugees also experienced noticeable demographic changes. Refugees from Bangladesh, Burma, and Sri Lanka contributed substantially to population growth in the regions in which they settled. Less dramatic population increases occurred in areas where Tibetan refugee settlements were founded after the Chinese annexation of Tibet in the 1950s. 3.6 The Widespread Poverty Beneath the glitz of India's ebullient film industry or the sheen of chrome-and-glass IT centers, a vast, confusing and poor India lurches onward. It shares little with the country's jet-setting globalists, high-powered intellectuals or high-rolling industrialists. It knows more about enduring hardship than enhancing hardware. Yet, again in India, the twain do meet. A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today. The Indian economy was purposely and severely deindustrialized through colonial privatizations, regulations, tariffs on manufactured or refined Indian goods, taxes, and direct seizures. India accounted for 17.6% of global 31
  32. 32. industrial production against Britain's 9.5%, but by 1900 India's share was down to 1.7% against Britain's 18.5%. Not only was Indian industry losing out, but consumers were forced to rely on expensive British manufactured goods, especially as barter, local crafts and subsistence agriculture was discouraged by law. The agricultural raw materials exported by Indians were subject to massive price swings and declining terms of trade. British policies in India exacerbated weather conditions to lead to mass famines which, when taken together, led to between 30 to 60 million deaths from starvation in the Indian colonies. Community grain banks were forcibly disabled; land was converted from food crops for local consumption to cotton, opium, tea, and grain for export, largely for animal feed. In summary, deindustrialization, declining terms of trade, and the periodic mass misery of man-made famines are the major ways in which colonial government destroyed development in India and held it back for centuries. About 60% of the population depends on agriculture whereas the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is about 18%. High population growth rate, although demographers generally agree that this is a symptom rather than cause of poverty. Eradication of poverty in India can only be a long-term goal. Poverty alleviation is expected to make better progress in the next 50 years than in the past, as a trickle-down effect of the growing middle class. Increasing stress on education, and the empowerment of women and the economically weaker sections of society, is also expected to contribute to the alleviation of poverty. It is incorrect to say that all poverty reduction programs have failed. The growth of the middle class indicates that 32
  33. 33. economic prosperity has indeed been very impressive in India, but the distribution of wealth is not at all even. After the liberalization process and moving away from the socialist model, India is adding 60-70 million people to its middle class every year. India is an economic miracle. With growth rates of nearly 10% a year the country is becoming richer than ever before. But while the burgeoning middle class has more money to spend, most Indians still live in desperate poverty. UN statistics show that 700 million Indians live on less that $2 a day and a fifth of children doesn’t go to school. Although some of these people are benefiting from the boom, income gaps are widening fast. And with a rapidly growing population, the economy has to keep growing for society to simply stand still. 3.7 The Illiterate Section About 35% of Indians are illiterate, which has a significant impact on the national economy, as well as on the lives of individual people. Due to various social and economic problems India's education program continues to be undercut. The biggest victims of the poor educational system are those living in rural areas. The attitudes of the children and teachers also affect the quality of the schools. Allocation of government funds and the conditions of the destitute rural schools contribute to the low quality of education by rural children. While there are many rural area school systems which are operating in poor conditions there is one in particular whose schools outperform most other rural schools and also those located in wealthy areas of India. Consequently, Kerala, a rural state of India remains a puzzle to many educators. Its illiteracy rate does not follow the trend of most rural schools. 33
  34. 34. Many children living in rural areas receive a level of education which is very poor. Overall enrollment in primary and middle schools are very low. Fifty percent of children living in these areas leave school before the fifth grade. These children leave school for variety of reasons: some leave because of lack of interest; most leave so that they can work in the fields, where the hours are long and the pay is low. A large percent of the dropouts are females. Forced by their parents, most girls perform chores and tend the family at home. These are some of the reasons why sixty percent of all females in India are illiterate, a figure much higher than those of males. As these children grow into adults, many are still illiterate by the age of forty. These uneducated adults are also reluctant to send their own children to school because of their failure in the education system. This in turn creates a problem for the next generation. While the children living in rural areas continue to be deprived of a quality education, part of the reason why is due to their teachers. A large number of teachers refuse to teach in rural areas and those that do are usually under qualified. Those that refuse to teach in rural areas cite distance and lack of interest by students as problems. Many of the teachers also lack the enthusiasm to teach because of their meager salary. Another obstacle faced by the schools is that obtaining more teachers for rural schools is difficult because of state guidelines that approve of high student-to-teacher ratios. As the lack of teachers creates many obstacles for children in rural schools, another setback is the lack of resources which becomes detrimental to the learning process. Lack of books and other reading materials seem to be a widespread problem. The use of computers is very rare. Some schools are located in warehouses while others in small houses. Many of the rural schools operate without electricity. While many rural schools search for the proper resources, the distribution of government funds is major hindrance to the educational system. 34
  35. 35. According to a recent study done by the World Bank, thirty percent of the total educational funding goes toward higher educational institutions. This is an important issue because the number of students enrolled in these types of institutions represent such a small percent of India's students. Other examples of the government's plans to undermine rural education can be found in the Constitution of India. In the Constitution it stated that the primary education of rural area children was a low priority in budget outlays. Though rural children continue to be deprived of a formal education, the education system of Kerala, India is an exception. Located in the southern peninsula of the country, Kerala's illiteracy rates are lower than most other rural areas in India. Because of its immense population of twenty nine million and high unemployment rate, a large number of its inhabitants are forced to work outside of Kerala. Many of the people of Kerala who work in a different country send lots of donations back to Kerala. These people believe that it is responsibility of them to donate back to their hometown. It is these donations which have funded many of the programs that make Kerala stand out from other rural states. Coupled with the government and private donations the education system has been able to benefit. More schools are being built and more teachers are willing to work there. Although its economy is only growing slowly and unemployment rate is high, its illiteracy rates, mortality rates and life expectancy are comparable to richer regions of the country. Other rural areas can learn from Kerala so that its success can be duplicated. Receiving more private donations and government support is essential for those rural areas needing to improve the general lifestyle of its people. 3.8 The National Security Our Armed Forces and Paramilitary Forces, day or night, are awake guarding our borders on the land, in the air and at sea and remain vigilant to counter any threat and facilitate unhindered progress of national development. However, our internal security services are not capable enough to handle problems of such a huge population. 35
  36. 36. Terrorist Attacks in last 3 years Date Incident March 7, 2006 At least 21 people killed in three synchronized terrorist attacks in Varanasi in Shri Sankatmochan Mandir and Varanasi Cantonment Railway Station. July 11, 2006 At least 200 people killed in a series of 7 train- bombings during the evening rush hour near Mumbai. September 8, 2006 At least 37 people killed and 125 injured in a series of bomb blasts in the vicinity of a mosque in Malegaon, Maharashtra. May 18, 2007 At least 13 people were killed, including 4 killed by the Indian police in the rioting that followed, in the bombing at Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad that took place during the Friday prayers. August 25, 2007 At least 42 people were killed in two blasts in Hyderabad's Lumbini park and a restaurant. The police reportedly managed to find and defuse another bomb in the same area. May 13, 2008 At least 63 were killed in 9 bomb blasts along 6 areas in Jaipur. July 25, 2008 At least 2 were killed and 20 injured in 8 low intensity bomb blasts in Bangalore. 36
  37. 37. July 26, 2008 At least 29 were killed and over 110 injured in 17 serial bomb blasts in Ahmedabad. September 13, 2008 At least 15 were killed and over 110 injured in 5 bomb blasts in Dehli markets. As of today, we are prone to every terrorist attack and it’s becoming just impossible for the police to stop any such well-planned activity. We need to increase number of dedicated security personals, as it will reduce the work load and the metal stress on these officers. These officers should be selected carefully and they should undergo enhanced military training. They should be forced to remain physically fit. Strict action should be taken on corrupt officers. In this world, only strength respects strength. The only way to show the strength of the country is the might to defend it. Here, the Strength means the military might and economic prosperity. The decisions and policies of the United Nations Security Council are dictated by the countries that possess nuclear weapons. Issues of national security are no longer simple considerations of defense but are closely intertwined with many aspects of trade, commerce, investment as well as creation and use of a knowledge base. What appears to be emerging is a new kind of warfare. If a country does not learn to master these new realities of life, all our aspirations to ensure the prosperity of our people may come to naught. This does not mean that the advocacy of isolation or going back to concepts of a nuts and bolts form of self reliance. We need to address newer and more sophisticated concepts of protecting our strategic interests. 37
  38. 38. 3.9 We Are Changing Most Indians recognize that the next big challenge will be to bridge the widening divide between the country's middle class and the poor. The pessimists worry that social unrest will rise if that does not happen; the optimists say the process may be slow, but growth will trickle down. We are changing. And the signs of this change can be sensed in some fields. Tata has overtaken Jaguar and Land Rover from Ford. India’s Moon mission is on its way. The new method has been developed by researchers at the company Tata Consultancy Services to improve literacy rates. It works by teaching people whole words rather than individual letters, and the scientists who developed it say it costs about $2 for each adult. So far some 40,000 adults have learned to read this way. The Times Of India has started its campaign Teach India making knowledge open to all. The Jago Party, founded by ex-IITians & IIM students is ready to enter the Indian politics. The Films like Swades, Rang De Basanti, Lagaan, Taare Zammen Par, and Mumbai Meri Jaan etc. are being produced by the Indian film industry. We are the world champions of the ICC World T20. Recently, we had the most inspiring Olympics. But this change is just not enough; we need to change a lot if we want our dream of a developed India to become a reality. 38
  39. 39. 4 Dream the Change! Be the Change! Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments... My Father, let my country awake. -Rabindranath Tagore The power of the imagination lies at the heart of the creative process and is the very substance of life, allied as it is to the power to attract to us what we most desire. This power makes all the difference between winners and the losers. We would like to in next twenty years a literate and poverty-free India. We dream of an India governed by noble leaders. We dream of a system where the work of scientists and technologists is focused on specific missions driven by goals relevant to common man. How to turn this dream into a reality? We need to realize that missions are always bigger than organizations, just as organizations are always bigger than those who run them. Missions need effort and the mind provides the purpose. It is a power that arises from deep within you. This power is the basis for the movement towards the excellence we saw at the time of independence. Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata brought the steel industry to India even though the British rulers were not favorably disposed to the idea. Acharya P. C. Ray nurtured the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. We saw the birth of many great institutions like the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, stared by J. N. Tata, the Banaras Hindu University established by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, and Aligarh Muslim University set up by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. There are many examples. In all these cases, the motivation was to see India come up in the world, to demonstrate that ‘India can do it ’. 39
  40. 40. Are we in a position to continue that work, revive that spirit of enterprise? Shall we ever see cars designed and manufactured in India dotting the roads in Frankfurt or Seoul? Or Indian satellite launch vehicles place communication, weather and remote sensing satellites of other nations in orbit? Or see India build power stations for the USA, Japan and China? The possibility will remain remote if we stay with the present trend of low aim. Today we are witnessing good progress in the software sector but almost all of the hardware is imported. Can we rise higher on the value scale there? Can India design an operating system that will become household name in the world of computers? Our exports consist to a large extent of low-value raw material such as iron ore and alumina. Can we not convert these into wide range products that find an international market? We have hundreds of defense production industries but why does India not manufacture and market the main Battle Tanks, missiles, aircraft, guns and other defense equipment? We have the most important core competence in the form of our multifaceted manpower and basic infrastructure. Then what is that we don’t have? Let us think what prevents us in undertaking such challenges. We have to analyze how we can give a new dimension to our style of functioning, by cutting across the individual interests of various ministries and even industries and institutions, to follow an integrated action plan. The motive force has to be love for the country. We need a vision that is shared by the entire nation. In the drive for development, some states are faring better than others in the country. Bright young entrepreneurs have energized the national technology scene. Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Chennai, and Hyderabad are hubs of business activity. But even though the IT sector is a very visible area of success and has brought in some capital investment, in terms of overall development this is not enough. Even if you take up the IT area as a mission, manpower is the most important need. Those living away from the cities must also have access to a good education to join the talent pool. And this should happen fast. The poor have the urge and the willingness to work hard. But because of the lack 40
  41. 41. of education they are unable to utilize the available opportunities for better employment or to improve their standard of living. Our intellectual forums, political platforms, academic institutions and chambers of commerce are full of discussion and debate. There is noise, a lot of it in fact. There are endless debates, arguments, hypotheses, and theories, and yet there is little progress. However, the theme of a developed India is not discussed in board rooms and technology conferences. We should stop blaming others for the circumstances we find ourselves in. Taking responsibility also means a willingness to exercise our abilities to the fullest. This will make us worthy of enjoying the benefits that come with effort. The needs of a nation’s people are bigger and much more important than any other considerations. The mission of the Parliament is that it has to be alive and dynamic over issues vital to the existence of our very nationhood. Our freedom did not come as a gift. The whole country struggled for decades to achieve this vision of independence, so we have to protect it. To preserve this freedom from intruders and others who would compromise it is our bounden duty and not a matter of choice and convenience. No ideology is above the security and prosperity of our country. No agenda is more important than harmony among the people. 4.1 Changing The Education System Primary Education is the most important part of any individual's life. It decides our mindset. It decides how we look at our life. Quality of Primary Education in India is reaching its worst. It just makes the students mug up everything they see without understanding a word and still they score heavily in exams. "Thinking rather than thought should be taught." In schools, students should be exposed to real world problems. Let them create their own opinions, we should get them thinking. Primary 41
  42. 42. Educators should be selected carefully. They should be paid higher. In Japan, Primary Educators are highest paid employees. . The delivery of quality education is possible only through quality teachers. The teacher has to be a committed teacher who loves teaching and children. The teacher also has to be equipped with all the knowledge required for effective teaching. The self-esteem of the teacher must be high and the teacher must have the quality to become a role model for children. " An Investment in Knowledge always pays the best interest " Suggesting to do good things in life is different from motivating to do so. We agree that, every school always tells students to do good things, but generally they don't motivate them to do so. We also agree that, Parents have larger impact on children's mindset, but no school has ever dared to tell their children that their parents can also make mistakes and they should learn from those to avoid them. One way of motivating the students could be having discussion sessions in the class. Let them express what they think, let them debate out their point. They might be wrong, but through this they will learn why they were wrong & will never make those mistakes in their life. We can expose our students to some innovative competitions in which there will be groups of 4-5 students, everyone in the class must participate, they will be given some issues like reservations, corruption, etc. They have to come up with the solution not necessarily the perfect one, but they have to discuss about it in their groups, talk about it with their parents and teachers and finally they have to present their solution in front of others, best of these will be awarded prizes. When this is implemented successfully at intra-school level then it can be promoted to inter-school level. What we are providing the Indian students is not at all education. Education does not mean producing doctors & engineers etc., but it's about teaching people what they like in a proper manner so that they can implement it to achieve their goals and earnings automatically come. 42
  43. 43. “The great aim of education is not only knowledge but action. Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one." This is nowhere in our education system. We agree that, everyone will not be able to teach these things, but those, who can, are staying away from this field. Obviously, everyone wants to earn back from what they have paid for their education, but those who have the ability can come back to teaching profession may be after 10-15 years, just to increase the quality of education. As what we, the students, are getting today is worst. If we will not try to get it back to level where it was previously, there will not be a single person who could mould the mindset of students. Children who belong to weaker sections of our society are undernourished and only a small percentage of them manage to complete eight years of satisfactory education. We need to think specifically about them. Education is indeed a fundamental right of every Indian child. Can we allow the situation to continue in which millions of these children are forced into life-long poverty? The requirement is that the parents should be able to go to any school nearby and admit their children and happily come back home with the confidence that their children will get a good and value based quality education in that school. The conditions of differently-abled children require equally important attention. In view of such critical issues and their importance and also to break out of our historical mindset, an effective and self-renewing education system is therefore fundamental to the survival and growth of civilizations. Clearly public expenditure alone from governments at the Centre and in the States might not be able to meet the challenge of mobilizing an additional 2 to 3 per cent of GDP for the mission of education. It is here that we have to generate additional resources for this noble mission. Expenditure on education, whether in the Centre or in the States, can no longer be provided only by respective Ministries or Departments for human resource development. Indeed, every Department of the Government must play a significant role as a partner in human resource 43
  44. 44. development organization and contribute resources in terms of budget and infrastructure for implementing the mission of providing quality education to the whole nation. To augment Government resources, we appeal to the entire corporate sector to emulate the example set by some corporate leaders who have focused on education to make a national difference. Different regions of the country may be adopted by the corporate sector within an overall national mission for education. The mechanism should enable persons to have freedom to innovate and deliver directly. The primary focus of the students should be to excel in their studies. This is their first contribution to the development of the nation. The education system should instill in the minds of students capacities of inquiry, creativity, technology, entrepreneurial and moral leadership. If we develop in all our students these five capacities, we will produce “Autonomous Learner” a self-directed, self controlled, lifelong learner, who will have the capacity to both respect authority and at the same time is capable of questioning authority, in an appropriate manner. These are the leaders who would work together as a “Self-organizing Network” and transform India into a developed nation in a time bound manner. 4.2 Changing the Habits to Change the Future Small things, which we do in our day to day life matter most to us and to our country's future. Everyone does small mistakes and that collectively emerges as a bigger problem. At first, when we look at the public places in our country, what we notice immediately is garbage thrown everywhere. Now we start saying that government has not done its job properly & we may be right to some extent, but who's the actual culprit? WE. How many of us restrict ourselves from throwing garbage at the public places? We know the truth and we can’t deny it , but would we do the same at our home ? Definitely not. We should feel from the bottom our heart that, our country is our home and at home we are 44
  45. 45. bound to use the dustbin. First, we need to restrict ourselves, and then only we get the right to tell others to do the same. Secondly, when we are at public places, we should try to respect people around us otherwise we will end up in quarrels, ultimately affecting our day's performance. People think that this is a very common thing and such things happen, but when such things start happening more frequently, they need attention. This is not really that difficult once we make up our mind, they will automatically stop happening. 4.3 Modifying The Reservation System The only way in which reservation system in India could help it becoming developed is when it will be truly based on economic background of students and not on their cast or religion. Those who have scored well in the entrance exams should be given financial support so that they are not admitted to the course they like just because they can't pay the fees. The first step towards modifying the reservation system would be making people, who are enjoying [Are they really? We don't think so] the benefits of reservations, understand how reservations are spoiling their children's future. If the students know, that there are reserved seats waiting for them, no matter they study well or not then, would they ever put extra efforts in studies? No, not at all and this is what is happening to those who are enjoying the reservations. Due to this the gap between those who are having reservation and those who are not, is further increasing. As these people who have got reserved seats for education in India, they will not have so on the global platform and in private sectors, there they will suffer. This needs to be explained to them by us, as their leaders are engaged only in grabbing votes by misleading them. 45
  46. 46. 4.4 Terrorism has No Religion Our mindset is decided by people around us in early days of ours in this world. Every religion guides its followers how to live a better life, that's all nothing more than that. As we don't have a chance to choose our religion immediately after our birth, we don't have right to blame people of any religion. Nowadays, Terrorism has become a business! Lords of this business are running terrorist factories to brainwash weak minded people and to train them for destruction. More people they kill, more funds they receive. This is how these lords are getting richer. Some suicide bombers do it for their poor families. They get paid for their life and most importantly for the lives they take way with them. People with improper childhood education get into this. Some suicide bombers get easily brainwashed due to lack of proper value education at home. Some say, "Every Muslim is not a Terrorist, but Every Terrorist is a Muslim!" Why? No One is ready to think over it. Lack of value education & high poverty levels make a Muslim individual a soft target for these Lords. This situation can be changed. To do that Muslims must realize that this is not to blame their religion, but its fact that needs to be changed. Hindu Extremists should also stop blaming every Muslim, just because some other Muslims are terrorists. Answer to this problem lies in a powerful primary education system, which makes the students mentally strong and determined. Education gives us the power to think and analyze. Students should be taught to fight against mental attacks of extremists, who can well be their parents also. 46
  47. 47. 4.5 The Technology Vision Technology can help transform multiple areas such as education and training, agriculture and food processing, strategic industries and infrastructure in various fields. India’s human resource base is one of its great competencies. It is India’s strength. If we can train unskilled Indian, if we can impart better skills to a skilled India and if we create a more challenging environment for the educated , as well as build avenues for economic activity in agriculture , industry and the service sectors , these Indians will not only meet the targets but excel them . The technology vision documents advocate the formation of a human resource cadre that will be the foundation of the action packages for the country in the near future. Such a cadre will lead us to technological and economic achievements. In India, a certain amount of crop (transgenic) biotechnology is being put to use. Major efforts are being undertaken to make cotton pest resistant. Most readers would be aware of the spate of suicides by cotton farmers recently. Let us hope there will be scientific and technologies breakthroughs in pest resistant transgenic cotton seeds. Till 47
  48. 48. we achieve success in this on a commercial sale we cannot be sure that we will have enough supplies to plan large scale operations. No doubt such researches should be encouraged, but we should look at other fronts too. It is necessary for research on crop biotechnology in India to be focused on our important crops, especially those related to food security. Photonics will dominate all walks of life in the twenty first century. It will penetrate into several areas traditionally covered by electronics such as communications, computation, memories etc. It will have far reaching effects in several critical areas such as information technology, fiber optics based telecommunication, diagnostics and therapeutic applications in health care, pollution control, life sciences, besides others. If we were to pause for a moment to thing about the growth of human civilization, we would find that the pace of social and economic growth has been closely linked to the proficiency with which people have been able to use and shape materials. Today this proficiency has become the bedrock of a country’s development. Lightweight high performance materials and alloys have helped us in building aircraft, satellite, launch vehicles and missiles. Our houses are full of modern materials: stainless steel vessels, shaving blades with special coatings, special non-sticking and slow-heating frying pans; plastic and fiber-glass products. The benefits of modern science may not have reached all parts of the world but there is a far greater awareness of these among people. People are now demanding more equitable Share of the fruits of modern knowledge and skills. In India too, the benefits of scientific and technological breakthroughs have not reached all segments of our society. Until this happens, we cannot claim that India is truly a developed society. We believe that there are many ignited minds in different parts of India, in different age groups. The Technology Vision will generate multi- missions and each mission in turn hundreds of projects. This ambience 48
  49. 49. will make the nation achieve the status of a developed nation. The vision, we believe therefore, can be realized: the vision of a developed India, which can see Indian products, services and technologies emerge as World Class! 49
  50. 50. Conclusion India is a nation of a billion people. A nation’s progress depends upon how its people think. It is thoughts which are transformed into actions. India has to think as a nation of a billion people. Let the young minds blossom – full of thoughts, the thoughts of prosperity. Developed India has to be the mission of every Indian Mind. In this mission, every one of us has a role to play. It will be a reality if we give whatever we can through individual, societal and nationwide participation in a national movement “India Developed “. 50
  51. 51. Song of Youth Me and My Nation - India As a young citizen of India, armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation, I realize, small aim is a crime. I will work and sweat for a great vision, the vision of transforming India into a developed nation powered by economic strength with value system. I am one of the citizens of a billion, only the vision will ignite the billion souls. It has entered into me, the ignited soul compared to any resource, is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth. I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achieve the vision - Developed India. By Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 51
  52. 52. Bibliography 1. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, Ignited Minds : Unleashing the Power within India, 2002 2. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, India 2020 : A Vision for the New Millennium, 1998 3. TIFAC Reports 4. Time Magazine Archives 5. BBC Archives 6. The Times Of India Archives 52
  53. 53. Webliography 1. Wikipedia 2. Google 3. National Portal of India 4. 5. 53