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PRESENTED BY:
ANKIT DABRAL
M.B.A
INTRODUCTION
 CHINA
 Socialist economy
 World 2nd largest
economy and by PPP
after the U.S.
 Largest exporter and 2nd
...
RATES OF GDP GROWTH
 CHINA
 The Chinese economy
has grown at an
average annual rate of
9.8% for two and a
half decades, ...
BASIS INDIAN
ECONOMY
CHINESE
ECONOMY
GDP
(nominal)(2012)
US$ 1.825 trillion US$ 8.227 trillion
GDP (nominal) per
capita (2...
GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT
 Growth in china is faster than
India because of larger FDI.
 SEZ policies provides
comprehensive...
TRADE
PATTERNS
 Rapid export growth includes
more world market shares
which is attracted by cheap
labor and subsidized
in...
RATES OF INVESTMENT
 The investment rate in China (investment as
a share of GDP) has fluctuated between
35 – 44% over the...
Country Investment
2008
(gross fixed)
(% of GDP)
Investment
2012
(gross fixed)
(% of GDP)
China 40.20 46.01
India 39.00 29...
POVERTY REDUCTION
 CHINA
 Officially 4 per cent of the
population now lives
under the poverty
line, unofficially around
...
Human Development Index
 Life expectancy- higher the better;
 Adult literacy rate- higher the better;
 Percentage of po...
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
 CHINA
 RANK 101/187
Earlier extensive public
provision of health and
education.
Education until...
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
 India: Growth rates of employment
(Annual compound rates per cent)
1993-94 to
1999-2000
1999-2000 to
2...
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
 China: Output and employment growth
1980-
90
1990-
2000
Primary sector
Annual employment growth 2.8 -0...
We can conclude that:
CHINA is well ahead of INDIA in most of the
departments.
INDIA is ahead of CHINA in Banking and
Leg...
ANY QUESTIONS ? ? ? ?
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Comparison of Indian and Chinese Economy

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Comparison of Indian and Chinese Economy

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: ANKIT DABRAL M.B.A
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  CHINA  Socialist economy  World 2nd largest economy and by PPP after the U.S.  Largest exporter and 2nd largest importer.  INDIA  Mixed economy  9th largest economy in world and third largest by PPP.  19th largest exporter and 10th largest importer
  3. 3. RATES OF GDP GROWTH  CHINA  The Chinese economy has grown at an average annual rate of 9.8% for two and a half decades, showing volatility around high trend.  INDIA  India’s economy has grown at around 5-6 per cent per year over the same period, breaking from “Hindu” rate of 3 per cent. But very recently the average growth rate for the last four years is just above 8%
  4. 4. BASIS INDIAN ECONOMY CHINESE ECONOMY GDP (nominal)(2012) US$ 1.825 trillion US$ 8.227 trillion GDP (nominal) per capita (2012) US$ 1,500 US$ 6,100 GDP(PPP)(2012) US$ 4.761 trillion US$ 12.610 trillion GDP(PPP) per capita (2012) US$ 4,148 US$ 10,027
  5. 5. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT  Growth in china is faster than India because of larger FDI.  SEZ policies provides comprehensive infrastructural facilities to attract FDI  Improper distribution of wealth in India
  6. 6. TRADE PATTERNS  Rapid export growth includes more world market shares which is attracted by cheap labor and subsidized infrastructure.  Except export of services, export growth is lower in India due to poor
  7. 7. RATES OF INVESTMENT  The investment rate in China (investment as a share of GDP) has fluctuated between 35 – 44% over the past 25 years, compared to 20 - 26% in India.  Infrastructure investment from the early 1990s has averaged 19% of GDP in China, compared to 2% in India.
  8. 8. Country Investment 2008 (gross fixed) (% of GDP) Investment 2012 (gross fixed) (% of GDP) China 40.20 46.01 India 39.00 29.09
  9. 9. POVERTY REDUCTION  CHINA  Officially 4 per cent of the population now lives under the poverty line, unofficially around 12 per cent.  FROM 1981 TO 2005 Poverty rate – Dropped by 84% to 16%  INDIA  Official poverty ratio much higher and persistent, currently 28 per cent. Food deprivation is much higher.  FROM 1981 TO 2005 Poverty Rate – Dropped by 60% to 42%
  10. 10. Human Development Index  Life expectancy- higher the better;  Adult literacy rate- higher the better;  Percentage of population below poverty line- lower the better;  Infant mortality rate- lower the better;  Maternal mortality rate- lower the better;  Percentage of population having access to improved water sources- higher the better;  Percentage of population which is undernourished- lower the better;  Percentage of population having access to improved sanitation- higher the better.  Based on all these parameters a composite index is constructed known as the HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI). Higher value of HDI points to higher level of growth and development of a country.  Making a comparison of India and China, China is far ahead of India in all the above mentioned spheres.
  11. 11. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX  CHINA  RANK 101/187 Earlier extensive public provision of health and education. Education until Class X, and public services to ensure nutrition, health and sanitation.  INDIA  RANK 136/187 The public provision of all of these has been extremely inadequate throughout this period and has deteriorated in Per Capita terms since the early 1990s.
  12. 12. EMPLOYMENT GROWTH  India: Growth rates of employment (Annual compound rates per cent) 1993-94 to 1999-2000 1999-2000 to 2004-05 Agricultural self employment -0.53 2.89 Agricultural wage employment 1.06 -3.18 Total agricultural employment 0.03 0.83 Rural non-agri self employment 2.34 5.72 Rural non-agri wage employment 2.68 3.79 Rural total non-agri employment 2.26 5.27 Urban non-agri employment 3.13 4.08 Secondary employment 2.91 4.64 Tertiary employment 2.27 4.67 Total non-agricultural employment 2.53 4.66
  13. 13. EMPLOYMENT GROWTH  China: Output and employment growth 1980- 90 1990- 2000 Primary sector Annual employment growth 2.8 -0.8 Annual Value Added growth 6.2 3.8 Employment elasticity 0.45 -0.21 Secondary sector Annual employment growth 5.9 1.6 Annual Value Added growth 9.5 13.5 Employment elasticity 0.62 0.12 Tertiary Sector Annual employment growth 7.9 5.1 Annual Value Added growth 12.2 9.1 Employment elasticity 0.65 0.56 All sectors Annual employment growth 4.1 1.1 Annual Value Added growth 9.3 10.1 Employment elasticity 0.44 0.11
  14. 14. We can conclude that: CHINA is well ahead of INDIA in most of the departments. INDIA is ahead of CHINA in Banking and Legal sector. CHINA is well ahead in Infrastructure. INDIA also exceeds CHINA in its BPO / IT sector. Rest among all the sectors it is China which is ahead whether it is Agriculture, Trade Patterns, Employment Growth, Human Development
  15. 15. ANY QUESTIONS ? ? ? ?

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