1.that will ensure its development and renewal alongside continuing agricultural activity.
1.Developing projects, initiatives and ideas to reinforce the rural landscape and raising awareness for the importance of retaining them.2.Government support in promoting a diverse economic rural activity.3.Utilization of alternative assistance tools to develop infrastructure, alternative occupations, research, professional training, environmental protection and open space conservation.
Rural development is a dynamic process, which is mainly concerned with the rural areas. These include-Agricultural growth, putting up of economic and social infrastructure, fair wages as also housing and house sites for the landless, village planning, public health, education and functional literacy, communication etc.Rural development is a national necessity and has considerable importance in India Improving agriculture is a must for industrialisation. Agriculture is carried on in villages, so rural development is needed to improve agriculture.2. Industry needs a literate labour force. But most of the people live in villages (70% in India). So rural development is needed to increase the education level of the majority of the population.3. Finally, rural development is needed to reduce the migrationof people from villages to cities. The current rate of rural-to-urban migration in India is unsustainable. It is much more than the rate at which industrial jobs and urban infrastructure are growing. So rural development is a must to slow down the rural-to-urban migration.
"India lives in its villages“ - Mahatma Gandhi.
OUTLINE IMPORTANCE KEY OBJECTIVE OFOVERVIEW MOTIVATION OF RURAL STRATEGIES & LIMITATION CONCLUSION STUDY DEVELOPMENT POLICES
OVERVIEW• Our economy is developing fast, Industries and big corporate are going globalised, with liberalization, tremendous changes are being felt in IT, manufacturing, Service sector, but nobody thinks of the rural development to make it as fast as in these sectors.• Then what all this progress and development means? Benefitting to 30% in the total population, already developed and above poverty does not mean any development.
SOME QUESTIONS THAT TAKE YOU MORE DEEP IN TOPIC.(For us this are the MOTIVATIONAL QUESTIONS for selecting this topic )
QUESTION : 1• While we have international fully air conditioned schools in our cities, the schools in villages still don’t have benches and chairs, leave alone computers. We have a huge shortage of teachers in rural areas, and the school drop out rate is huge. WHY RURAL AREAS LAG BEHIND CITIES BY DECADES?
QUESTION : 2• In cities, we have wide roads, flyovers and underpasses while many villages still don’t have proper roads. Urban-rural road links can play a vital role in rural growth. WHY RURAL AREAS LAG BEHIND CITIES IN GROWTH ?
QUESTION : 3• Employment opportunities are hardly there in villages which forces youth to move to cities creating imbalance in the ecosystem and leaving the villages deprived.WHY LACK OF OPPORTUNITY IN RURAL AREA ?
QUESTION : 4• While we may have numerous hospitals, nursing homes and medical facilities in cities, villages neither have health awareness nor health facilities.• Many of villagers have to flock to cities for even basic treatments. WHY RISING DISCONNECT BETWEEN CITIES AND VILLAGES ?
And Many More QUESTIONS like..• Proper land reforms• Rural credit• Electrification• Many more Questions & this Story Continues from decades…….
MAIN OBJECTIVES To buildInfrastructure Public Service Communication To improve Health Education Living condition To generate Employment Farm & storage Economical activities
CONTINUE..• Worthy statutory infrastructure for the rural landscape• Creating conditions for the sustenance of a population and all types of sustainable rural settlement.
CONTINUE..• Raising awareness• Government support• Alternative Assistance
IMPORTANCE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURE EDUCATION MIGRATION
KEY STRATEGIES AND POLICIES National Rural Employment Guarantee Act2005 (NREGA)• Act guarantees 100 days of employment in afinancial year to every household social safety netfor the vulnerable groups and an opportunity tocombine growth with equity Structured towardsharnessing the rural work-force, employment forthe area for future growth employment and self-sufficiency Operationalised from 2nd February,2006 in 200 selected districts, extended to 130more districts in 2007-08.• The remaining districts (around 275) of thecountry under the ambit of NREGA from 1st ofApril, 2008
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) • Self employment programme for the rural poor. • The assisted families (Swarozgaris) may be individuals or groups (Self- Help Groups). • Emphasis is on the group approach • To bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line by providing them income generating assets through a mix of bank credits and government subsidy. • Organization of poor into Self-Help Groups and taking care of training, credit, technology infrastructure and marketing. • Implemented by the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) with the active participation of Banks, the line Departments, and NGO’s
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)• Launched December, 2000 100% centrally sponsored scheme to provide connectivity to unconnected habitations Road connectivity to all habitations with a population of thousand (500 in case of hilly or tribal areas) with all weather roads by 2009• lead to rural employment opportunities, better access to regulated and fair market, better access to health, education and other public services• Bridge the rural-urban divide and pave the path of economic growth.
Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) • Since 1985-86 to help build or upgrade homes to householdsbelow the poverty line • Ceiling on construction assistance under the IAY currently is Rs. 25,000/- per unit for the plain areas and Rs.27,500/- for the hilly terrains/difficult areas. • To impart transparency to the selection process of beneficiaries, a permanent waitlist was prepared under IAY. • 60 lakh houses were to be constructed in a period of 4 year from 2005-06 • Against this overall target, 15.52 lakh were built in 2005-06 and 14.98 lakh homes in 2006-07
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme• Central government ARWSP supplements States’ efforts for providing safe drinking water and sanitation by providing financial and technical assistance under two centrally sponsored programmes – Accelerated Rural Water Supply (ARWSP) – Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP). – By 2009, 55,067 uncovered, 3.31 lakh slipped back and 2.17 lakh quality affected habitations are to be addressed – approximately 6 lakhs habitations where water supply is a problem to be covered
LIMITATIONS :PROBLEMS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT1.People related2.Agricultural related problems3.Infrastructure related problems4.Economic problems5.Leadership related problems6.Administrative problems
PEOPLE RELATED PROBLEMS• 1.Traditional way of thinking.• 2.Poor understanding.• 3.Low level of education to understand developmental efforts and new technology.• 4.Deprived psychology and scientific orientation.• 5.Lack of confidence.• 6.Poor awareness.• 7.Low level of education.• 8.Existence of unfelt needs.• 9.Personal ego.
AGRICULTURERELATEDPROB1.Lack of expected awareness ,knowledge ,skill and attitude.2.Unavailability of inputs.3.Poor marketing facility.4.Insufficient extension of staff and services.5.Multidimensional tasks to extension personnel.6.Small size of landholding.7.Division of land.8.Unwillingness to work and stay in rural areas.
INFASTRUCTRAL RELATED PROB.• Poor infrastructure facilities like-:• 1.Water• 2.Electricity• 3.Transport• 4.Educational institutions• 5.Communication• 6.Health• 7.Employment• 8.Storagefacility etc.
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS• 1.Unfavourable economic condition to adopt high cost technology.• 2.High cost of inputs.• 3.Underprivileged rural industries
LEADERSHIP RELATED PROBLEM1.Leadership among the hands of inactive and incompetent people.2.Selfinterest of leaders.3.Biased political will
ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS1.Political interference.2.Lack of motivation and interest.3.Unwillingness to work in villages.4.Improper utilization of budget.5.No proper monitoring of programs and lacki ng their implementation.
CONCLUSION India lives in villages. (70% Population are in villages) 56% of population gets only 17% share in GDP. (The sectoral GDP represents 17% share of primary sector and on the contrary 56% of population is engaged in agriculture.) There is unequal distribution of national income.Solutions Rural Developments Plans Facilitates Cities and Villages eqully Provides the Needs. Like, Proer Land Reforms Rural credit Electrification, Etc……
Rural development is a process of qualitative and quantitative changes toimprove conditions in rural regions. Such a process needs to be anintegrated programme where all aspects of rural life should be taken intoaccount. Promotion and encouragement to the private sector players by theIndian Government as a result of which both the public and private sectorhas made considerable efforts for the upliftment of the rural sector in Indiawhich has resulted in ethical, social and environmental benefits. Playing therole as a motivator, and a facilitator, the Government had undertaken anumber of development initiatives for the rural India. With a vision to create an excellent rural infrastructure on the back oftransport and telecommunication facilities, provision of education andmedical facilities to all rural households, it is important that the threads bewoven together in order to reflect the utmost significance of rural sector forthe growth Indian economy.