O connell unuiversities and humankind


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O connell unuiversities and humankind

  1. 1. UNIVERSITIES and HUMANKIND OurResponsibility
  2. 2. J Bruner Cultures AreKnowledge Amplification Systems
  3. 3. Adam and Eve?
  4. 4. Our Evolutionary triumph?
  5. 5. Africa:The Cradle of Human Knowledge
  6. 6. Across Mediterranean To China Cultures Deeply Challenged: New Knowledge the Result
  7. 7. Ways of Knowing• Philosophy (the abstract mind)• Rationalism/Scepticism (not accepting realities that are not immediately evident)• Religion (faith in divine revelation and social tradition)• Mysticism (experiences based on spiritual techniques)• Esotericism (intuitive speculation on cosmological world-views)• Occultism (using psycho-physical techniques to access hidden realities)• Gnosis (innate wisdom and understanding)• Science (experimental approach to the physical universe)
  8. 8. The Great Library In Alexandria
  9. 9. The Library In Timbuktu
  10. 10. Political MapScramble For Africa
  11. 11. Humankind’s Great Intellectual Leaps• Classical antiquity• Renaissance• Agricultural revolution• Scientific revolution• Industrial revolution• Digital revolution ******
  12. 12. Some Consequences for Africa
  13. 13. The Continents: To Scale• The land area of each territory is shown here.• The total land area of these 200 territories is 13,056 million hectares. Divided up equally that would be 2.1 hectares for each person. A hectare is 100 metres by 100 metres.• However, population is not evenly spread: Australias land area is 21 times bigger than Japans, but Japans population is more than six times bigger than Australias.
  14. 14. Tertiary Education• The highest percentage of the student aged population enrolled is in Finland. Finland is 3.6 times the world average, with 140 times the chance of a tertiary education than in Mozambique.
  15. 15. Science Research• Scientific papers cover physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering, technology, and earth and space sciences.• The number of scientific papers published by researchers in the United States was more than three times as many as were published by the second highest-publishing population, Japan.• There is more scientific research, or publication of results, in richer territories. This locational bias is such that roughly three times more scientific papers per person living there are published in Western Europe, North America, and Japan, than in any other region.
  16. 16. New Patents• In 2002, 312 thousand patents were granted around the world. More than a third of these were granted in Japan. Just under a third were granted in the United States.• A patent is supposed to protect the ideas and inventions that people have. Patenting something will then allow the owner of the patent to charge others for the usage of an idea or invention. The aim is to reward the creator for their hard work or intelligence. But patents can prevent people from using good ideas because they cannot afford to do so.• A quarter of all territories had no new patents in 2002, so will not profit from these in future years as others will.
  17. 17. Un Poverty Index██ High income██ Upper-middle income██ Lower-middle income██ Low income 
  18. 18. One of Humankind’s Hopes
  19. 19. HOUSE
  20. 20. WORK
  21. 21. Family and Safety
  22. 22. Good Health
  23. 23. Potable Water
  24. 24. Transport
  25. 25. Renewable Energy
  26. 26. Street Children Begging
  27. 27. Child and Vulture
  28. 28. Child and Starvation
  29. 29. Environmental Challenges
  30. 30. Dennis Meadows: POPULATION
  31. 31. 2030: A Watershed“By 2030 the demand for resources will create acrisis with dire consequencesDemand for food and energy will jump 50% by2030 and for fresh water by 30%, as thepopulation tops 8.3 billion. Climate change willexacerbate matters in unpredictable ways”.Beddington.“Change is now ubiquitous, non-linear andpersistent Hargreaves
  32. 32. 1994: South Africa’s Triple Challenge• Build a democratic state• Integrate itself into the competitive arena of international production and finance.• Reconstruct domestic social and economic relations to eradicate and redress the inequitable patterns of ownership, wealth and social and economic practices that were shaped by segregation and apartheid• All of this while the entire world is changing dramatically
  33. 33. Dalin’s 10 Revolutions• 1. The knowledge and information revolution• 2. The population explosion• 3. Globalisation• 4. The economic revolution• 5. The technological revolution• 6. The ecological revolution• 7. The social/cultural revolution• 8. The aesthetic revolution• 9. The political revolution• 10. The values revolution. Per Dalin
  34. 34. Seven Strategic Partnerships with Our Species There are at least seven human development challenges that universities must champion. Governments can’t or won’t. They are:1. To move humans in developed countries to understand that they have lived beyond their means and they must prepare themselves for a more humble future.2. To move humans in developing countries to understand that they cannot use the developed nations as points of reference for their material expectations3. To move all humans to understand that we must develop a wise relationship with our natural environment
  35. 35. Seven Strategic Partnerships with Our Species4. To move all humans to think of ourselves as earthlings who must work together to secure our future. This implies an internationalist perspective.5. To move all humans to understand that there is a direct relationship between population growth and the availability of resources6. To move all humans to understand that there is a direct relationship between ownership, competence and hard work on the one hand and development on the other7. To move all humans to understand that safety lies in knowledge and partnerships
  36. 36. 7 LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS The I in relation to the We Service Stage 3: External Cohesion 7 Serving humanity and the planet Making a Difference 6 Collaborating with partners Stage 2: Internal Cohesion Internal Cohesion 5 Finding meaning in existence Balancing self-interest Transformation 4 with group interest Self-Esteem Stage 1: Personal Mastery 3 Development of a healthy Relationship 2 positive ego Need to overcome Survival 1 deficiency perspective Barrett
  38. 38. “What” do we want to say?