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Us History I Day 2


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Us History I Day 2

  1. 1. Pre-Columbian Civilizations <ul><li>North American: American Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Mesoamerica: Aztecs, Maya </li></ul><ul><li>Andean Region of South America: Inca </li></ul>
  2. 2. Inca Maiden (2007), “La Doncella,” on display at High Mountain Archaeological Museum, Salta, Argentina
  3. 3. Age of European Discovery & Exploration Explored Florida allegedly searching for the Fountain of Youth Spanish Juan Ponce de Leon 1513 Led expedition across Panama to the Pacific Ocean Spanish Vasco de Balboa 1513 Rounded Cape of Good Hope and explored East coast of Africa and then sailed to India Portugese Vasco Da Gama 1498 Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Labrador Italian John Cabot 1497-1498 West Indies and South America Italian Amerigo Vesppucci 1497-1503 Several voyages to West Indies and Caribbean Islands Italian Christopher Columbus 1492-1504 First European to round the Cape of Good Hope Portugese Batholomew Dias 1487-1488 West coast of Africa Portugese Prince Henry the Navigator 1394-1460 Far East then known as Cathay, or China Italian Marco Polo 1271-1295 First European to reach North American mainland Norse Leif Ericson c. 1000 Iceland Norse Eric the Red c. 982 Destination Nationality Explorer Date
  4. 4. Explored the mouth of the Mississippi River claiming it for France French Robert LaSalle 1682 Explored Northern Mississippi River French Fr. Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet 1672 Explored Hudson Bay, Hudson River, and Hudson Strait English Henry Hudson 1609-1611 Explored East coast of North America; and the St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron and Lake Champlain French Samuel de Champlain 1603-1616 First Englishman to circumnavigate the globe-claimed California for England; defeated the Spanish Armada English Sir Francis Drake 1577-1580 Explored American Southwest Spanish Francisco Vazquez de Coronado 1540-1542 Explored American Southeast and discovered the Mississippi River Spanish Hernando De Soto 1539-1541 Explored St. Lawrence River French Jacques Cartier 1534-1542 Conquered Incas in Andean Region of South America Spanish Francisco Pizarro 1523-1535 Explored East coast of North America searching for Northwest Passage Italian Giovanni da Verranzano 1523 Conquered Aztecs in Mesoamerica Spanish Hernan Cortes 1519-1521 First European to circumnavigate the globe Portugese Ferdinand Magellan 1520-1521
  5. 5. European motivations for discovery, conquest, and exploration <ul><li>God, Gold, and Glory </li></ul><ul><li>Economic rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Religious justifications </li></ul><ul><li>Political objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Social push/pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>Technological innovations </li></ul>