Ch 9 and ch 10

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Ch 9 and ch 10

  1. 1. Camera Arts Chapter 9
  2. 2. the early history of photography• Great slide show from About.com• http://inventors.about.com/od/weirdmuseum s/ig/Illustrated-History-Photograph/Camera- Obscura.htm
  3. 3. The oldest known photograph in the world of a 17th century Flemish engraving, made by the French inventor Nicephore Niepce in 1825, with an heliography technical process.
  4. 4. Boulevard du Temple, Paris - Daguerreotype taken by Louis Daguerre. Louis Daguerre circa 1838/39
  5. 5. Daguerreotype Portrait of Louis DaguerrePhotographer Jean-Baptiste Sabatier-Blot 1844
  6. 6. Robert Cornelius Self-Portrait Approximate quarter-plate daguerreotype, 1839 Robert Cornelius
  7. 7. Daguerreotype - Portrait of Samuel Morse Mathew B Brady 1844-60
  8. 8. Daguerreotype Photograph 1844TheGeneral Post Office Washington, D.C.
  9. 9. Daguerreotype - Key West Florida 1849
  10. 10. Daguerreotype - Photograph of Confederate Dead 1862
  11. 11. Example of an Ambrotype - UnidentifiedFlorida SoldierPeriod of Use 1851 - 1880sPopularity of thedaguerreotypedeclined in thelate 1850s whenthe ambrotype, afaster and lessexpensivephotographicprocess, becameavailable.
  12. 12. Calotype, 1835 The oldest photographic negative in existenceThe inventor of thefirst negative from which multiple positive prints were made was Henry Fox Talbot.
  13. 13. • Talbot sensitized paper to light with a silver salt solution. He then exposed the paper to light. The background became black, and the subject was rendered in gradations of grey. This was a negative image, and from the paper negative, photographers could duplicate the image as many times as they wanted.
  14. 14. Tintype Photography - The tintype photograpy process was patented in 1856 by Hamilton Smith.• Daguerreotypes and tintypes were one of a kind images and the image was almost always reversed left to right.• A thin sheet of iron was used to provide a base for light-sensitive material, yielding a positive image. Tintypes are a variation of the collodion wet plate process. The emulsion is painted onto a japanned (varnished) iron plate, which is exposed in the camera. The low cost and durability of tintypes, coupled with the growing number of traveling photographers, enhanced the tintype’s popularity.
  15. 15. Tintype Photograph of Members ofthe 75th Ohio Infantry in Jacksonville
  16. 16. Portraits & PhotojournalismJuliaMargaretCameron(selfportrait)
  17. 17. An 1864 photo by Julia Margaret Cameron of her husband, Charles Hay Cameron
  18. 18. "Annie, my first success", 29 January 1864.Camerons first print she was satisfied with
  19. 19. Longfellow in 1868by Julia Margaret Cameron
  20. 20. Charles Darwin, 1868by Julia Margaret Cameron
  21. 21. Ellen Terry photographed in 1864 by Julia Margaret Cameron
  22. 22. Julia Jackson, 1867taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  23. 23. The Angel at the Tomb, 1870taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  24. 24. The Rosebud Garden of Girls,-June 1868 taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  25. 25. A Study of the Cenci-May 1868taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  26. 26. The Echo, 1868taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  27. 27. 1870taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
  28. 28. Invention of the Kodak, George Eastman
  29. 29. Daily lifeCrow Camp, 1910. Richard Throssel
  30. 30. The Tobacco Planting, ca. 1905-1911 Richard Throssel
  31. 31. Dorothea Lange, 1936
  32. 32. http://alafoto.com/?p=821
  33. 33. Dorothea Langes 1936, Migrant Mother,
  34. 34. Oregon, August 1939. “Unemployed lumberworker goes with his wife to the bean harvest.Note Social Security number tattooed on arm.”
  35. 35. July 1939. Gordonton, N.C. “Countrystore on dirt road. Sunday afternoon.
  36. 36. August 1936. Drought refugees fromAbilene, Texas, following the crops of California as migratory workers.
  37. 37. Japanese American Children Pledging Allegiance 1942
  38. 38. Japanese American Grocer 1942
  39. 39. Dorothea Lange, People of Japanese ancestry arriving at Tanforan Assembly Center, 1942
  40. 40. Ansel Adams, Mrs. Naguchi and two children,Manzanar War Relocation Center in CA, 1943
  41. 41. The Steerage 1907 Stieglitz
  42. 42. Stieglitz-Spring Showers,The Coach 1902
  43. 43. "VenetianCanal" (1894) by Alfred Stieglitz
  44. 44. 1918
  45. 45. Alfred StieglitzIcy Night, 1893
  46. 46. The Plaza, 1896
  47. 47. FlatironSpring Showers
  48. 48. Ansel Adams, Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942)
  49. 49. The Tetons and the Snake River (1942)
  50. 50. Autumn Tree against Cathedral Rocks, Yosemite, 1944
  51. 51. Moon and Half Dome
  52. 52. Orville Cox and georgia o’keeffe by Ansel Adams
  53. 53. Hannah Hoch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife Through the First Epoch of the Weimar Beer-Belly Culture, 1919.
  54. 54. Hannah Höch Balance 1925
  55. 55. Hannah HöchStrong-Armed Men 1931
  56. 56. Hannah Höch Burst Unity 1955
  57. 57. Hannah Höch Grotesque 1963
  58. 58. Man Ray - Dada & Surrealismchamps delicieux (rayographie series)
  59. 59. 1924
  60. 60. 1929
  61. 61. Cindy Shermanhttp://www.cindysherman.com/biography.shtml
  62. 62. Untitled film still #6
  63. 63. Untitled 96
  64. 64. Terms to know Daguerrotype• Landscape photography• Photojournalism• Pure photography• Which camera put photography into the hands of everyday people?• What was the first american conflict to be recorded in photographs?• Match camera artists to their type of photography- – Ansel adams, alfred steiglitz, dorothea lange, julia margaret cameron
  65. 65. • http://www.afi.com/100Years/movies10.aspx
  66. 66. • End of chapter 9
  67. 67. Chapter 10Graphic design and illustration
  68. 68. Things to know• Origin of all types of graphic design• Industrial revolution contributed greatly to graphic design applications• Symbols• Typography• Layout• Graphic design• Illustration• Match artists to work : rockwell, toulouse -lautrec
  69. 69. • Graphic design – Visual presentation of information – the goal is communication of a specific message – Usually trying to sell something or give directions• Sometimes called commercial art – At SIU they call the degree a communications design
  70. 70. Examples of things that are designed before production• Books • Book jackets• Newspapers • Magazines• Advertisements • Packaging• Websites • CD covers• Road signs • Logos• Television & film credits
  71. 71. How old is graphic design art?• Since the beginning of civilization • Written languages • Symbols• Today’s graphic design is rooted in – Invention of the printing press, 15th century • Reproduction and distribution – Industrial Revolution, 18th-19th centuries Increased commercial applications – Prior, most products were local – After, mass manufacturing
  72. 72. symbols• Most basic level of communication• Letters are symbols Ω Ж Φ Ш М• Even arrows had to be developed → Δ
  73. 73. yin yang – dynamic balance of opposites, explains existencefemale/malebeing/nonbeinglight/darkaction/inactionopposites aremutuallyinterdependentboth arenecessary tomake the whole
  74. 74. Symbols have no meaning in themselves, they are given meaning by society.The swastika dates backto Neolithic Europe,up to 5,700 yrs ago. Svastika = Sanskrit for good luck. India
  75. 75. US Dept ofTransportation, 1974 developed to communicate tointernational travelers by Cook and Shanosky Associates
  76. 76. logos
  77. 77. typography• The arrangement and appearance of letters• Calligraphy • Font, typeface• People began to pay special attention to this with the invention of movable type, 1450• Sometimes designers will create their own lettering• Sometimes designers use a combination of typefaces
  78. 78. Joan Dobkin,leaflet for Amnesty International, 1991 Textbook, pg 243
  79. 79. layout• Blueprint for how an extended work such as a book or magazine should look – The way a page or a pair of pages are balanced • Using smaller and larger shapes • Using darker and lighter colors • Generally asymmetrical • Looking for a visual appeal
  80. 80. posters/ads• Color lithography (19th century) brought about eye-catching posters – Color wasn’t practical in magazines or newspapers• Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec – Flat simplified forms influenced by Japanese prints – Immediately collector’s items
  81. 81. Toulouse-Lautrec
  82. 82. Toulouse-Lautrec
  83. 83. Constructivism – a graphicdesign art movement after the Russian Revolution of 1917They had high hopes to create a new society, wanted to makeart for the masses, not the elite. They used bold compositions. During the 1930s, the Sovietgov’t abolished independent artist groups, the gov’t demanded all art to be clear,easy to understand & realistic. Poster for the 1930 film "Earth" by the Stenberg brothers
  84. 84. Milton Glaser, 1996
  85. 85. illustration• An image created to accompany words – Books - Poems – Magazines - Newspapers• Illustration is a different kind of environment for artists – Tight deadlines – The work is usually thrown away • Illustrators usually find ways to work quickly but still create striking images
  86. 86. Norman Rockwell did about 6 covers a year forThe Saturday evening Post for over 40 yrs. He did 322 covers for TSEP
  87. 87. Rockwell’s last cover for the Post 1960, 1963
  88. 88. Norman Rockwell, lithograph, 1942 Part of The Four Freedoms series.
  89. 89. Norman Rockwell He also worked for the Boy Scouts, and he illustrated over 40 books. He produced over 4000 original works.
  90. 90. Alan Lee
  91. 91. John Howe
  92. 92. Ted Nasmith
  93. 93. End of chapter 10• Except digital realms…….

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