Art Appreciation    Fall 2010 Chapters 1, 2 & 3
Brancusi studio
Brancusi, Endless Column
Brancusi, Bird in Space
Cave Paintings from Chauvet cave, France         c. 25,000 – 17,000 BCE
Cave Paintingsfrom Lascaux,FranceDated 16,000yrs old
Female Figure (“Venus of Willendorf’)  c. 23,000 BCE     found near Austria         Limestone, height 4 ⅜”
Stonehenge c. 2000-1500 BCE           Salisbury Plain, EnglandHeight of stones 13’6”, weight up to 50 tons each
Carhenge, Jim Reinders, 1987vintage American cars near Alliance, Nebraska
Eggshell pottery, c. 2000 BCE  Longshan culture, China
The Origins of Art• To construct meaningful images and forms  – Magic, Spirituality, Ceremony, Ritual  – Record history• T...
Maya Lin, Wave field
Frank GehryGuggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain
Gehry Tower in Hanover, germany
THE ROLE OF THE ARTIST• The artist records and commemorates: historical  reference, captures a moment• The artist creates ...
Records and commemorates
Creates places for some human purpose
Gives tangible form to the unknown
Offers an innovative way of seeing
Creates extraordinary versions of             ordinary objectsDietersSpoonby SarahDoremus
Van Gogh
Monet
Monet, Water Lilies close-up
Vanitas
Terms to know:• Aesthetics – branch of philosophy concerned with  feelings aroused in us by sensory experiences  such as s...
The romantic definition of art:• Art is created in search of an ultimate truth,  an ultimate perfection, an ultimate  conf...
My personal definition of ART:• The “art world” tells us what art is.  – In other words: if a piece is displayed in a gall...
Verrocchio
Patronage• Popes• The Medici family• Dorothy and  Herbert Vogel
The Gallery ofCornelis van derGeest,Willem vanHaecht, 1628.A private picturegallery as an earlyprecursor of themodern muse...
Rodin studio
Camille
The Thinker,Auguste Rodin, 1902
Tales of Hamza
Dale Chihuly
James Hampton
Gayleen Aiken
Blurring the lines between      high brow and low brow art:• High art  – Painting  – Sculpture  – Fine photography• Low ar...
Dada movement – peak 1916-22  an avante-garde art movement
avant-garde• Artists and their work which stand in the  forefront of a movement or of new ideas,  often in opposition to e...
Marcel DuchampThe Fountain, 1917He is consideredpart of the Dadamovement.Duchamp changedart for the 20thcentury.
From Prinzhorn’s book:Artistry of the Mentally Ill
Salvador Dali
Russian Surrealism
Degenerate Art Exhibition
Worhol
Lichtenstein
David Huang
Georgia O’Keefe
La Pietà, Michelangelo, 1499
Universal qualities of beauty•   Symmetry•   Simple geometrical shapes•   Pure color•   Repetition of line or shape•   Fin...
Francisco de GoyaChronos DevouringOne of His Children1820
Pablo PicassoFirst Communion,189515 yrs old
Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, 1486
WilliamHarnettThe Old Violin1886
Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
Lavender Mist, Jackson Pollock, 1950
Alfred Stieglitz - photography
Three Major Styles of Art:• Representational   – Naturalistic   – Trompe L’oeil• Abstract   – Cubism   – Stylized• Nonrepr...
Édouard ManetLuncheon on the Grass , 1863
Pere Borrell del CasoEscaping Criticism1874
Still life, Pompeii, c. 70 AD
Man on a Bench, Duane Hanson, 1997   vinyl, polychromed in oil, with accessories
Marilyn LevineCeramic LeatherJacketLife Size
David Furman
DavidFurman
The ActorPablo Picasso1905Rose Period
Paul Cézanne
Pablo PicassoLes DemoisellesdAvignon1907
GeorgesBraqueViolin andCandlestick1910
WassilyKandinskyOn White 21923
Kazimir Malevich,Black Square, c. 1915
Cataract 3, Bridget Riley, 1967
Where, Morris Louis, 1960
Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
STYLE• Characteristics that we recognize as constant,  recurring or coherent to an individual artist’s  work.• Pieces will...
General styles• Constructed after the fact as scholars discern  broad trends  – Cultural – Atzec, Egyptian  – Period – Got...
A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1882         Edouard Manet
The textbook’s definition of art:• “embodied meaning”• Art is always about something
The romantic definition of art:• Art is created in search of an ultimate truth,  an ultimate perfection, an ultimate  conf...
My personal definition of ART:• The “art world” tells us what art is.  – In other words: if a piece is displayed in a gall...
4 key terms related to meaning:• Form• Content• Iconography• Context
Art & Meaning• FORM – the way art looks; size, shape,          materials, color, composition• CONTENT – what the art is ab...
Music lesson, Matisse, 1917Piano Lesson, Mattise, 1916
iconography• The identification, description &  interpretation of subject matter in art• Relates to the culture of the tim...
Shiva Statuein Bangalore,India
Arnolfini DoublePortraitJan van Eyck,1434
CONTEXT• Web of connections to the larger world of  human culture  – Relates to time & place  – Personal and/or social cir...
Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
4 key terms related to meaning:• Form• Content• Iconography• Context
The Gallery ofCornelis van derGeest,Willem vanHaecht, 1628.A private picturegallery as an earlyprecursor of themodern muse...
Jenny Holzer, "Truisms“ 1977–79
Barbara Kruger
Richard Serra, Tilted Arc
Born in the Streets exhibition, Paris
• http://gprime.net/images/sidewalkchalkguy/
Non-object Art• Installation art• Conceptual art• Performance Art
RachelWhitreadEmbankmentat Tate Modern
Jenny Holzer
jenny holzer
Jenny Holzer
Felix Gonzalez-Torres, 1995
Themes of Art•   Craft / Decor•   Sacred Realm / Religion•   Politics / Propaganda•   Social Order•   Storytelling / Histo...
Beaded Pomo Basket Bowl
Mata Ortiz pottery jar,Jorge Quintana, 2002
Dale Chihuly30-foot blown-glass chandelierin the Victoriaand AlbertMuseum in2000.
Women of Gees Bend, Alabama,       quilting, 2005
Roman Stripes by Deborah Pettway       Young, circa 1963.
Drunkard´s Path -- Variation (Snowball)    by Lucy T. Pettway, circa 1950
Ru Ware Bowl Stand, Chinese,    Early 12th Century
iconoclasm• Iconoclasm means “image breaking”• Began in the Byzantium Empire  – Early Christians debated the use of images...
Byzantine Iconoclasm, Chludov Psalter, 9th century.
The Sons of Liberty pulling down the statue of KingGeorge III on Bowling Green (New York City), 1776.
The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein’s statue
Buddhas of Bamyan6th century, Afghanistan
2001
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People,                 1830
Guernica, Picasso, 1937
Propaganda• Propaganda is a form of communication aimed at  influencing the attitude of a community toward  some cause or ...
1876
1947 comic book
1917
1914
John Brown going to his Hanging, Horace Pippen,   1942 (the actual event happened in 1859)
1941
Dorothea Lang, Migrant Mother, 1936
Mary Cassatt, The Child’s Bath, 1893
Kathe Kollwitz,Woman with Dead Child, 1903 etching
The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the     Antelope, Rousseau, 1905
The Snake Charmer, 1907
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Garden_of_Earthly_Delights
Revenge of the goldfish, 1981, sandy skoglund
Germs are everywhere, 1984
The Tetons and the Snake River,      Ansel Adams, 1942
Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier      National Park (1942)
Great Wave off Kanagawa        Hokusai
Red Fuji from Hokusais series, Thirty-      six Views of Mount Fuji.
Mattise, LAtelier Rouge,(The Red Studio), 1911
Themes of Art•   Sacred Realm / Religion•   Politics / Propaganda•   Social Order•   Storytelling / History•   Human Exper...
End of Ch 1-3
Grading Criteria - Presentations• Proper length = 5 minutes• Full bio/history    – Pic of artist    – Where did they go to...
Arnolfini Double PortraitJan van Eyck, 1434
Vietnam Veterans    MemorialMaya Lin, 1981-84
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Art apprec ch1 3

  1. 1. Art Appreciation Fall 2010 Chapters 1, 2 & 3
  2. 2. Brancusi studio
  3. 3. Brancusi, Endless Column
  4. 4. Brancusi, Bird in Space
  5. 5. Cave Paintings from Chauvet cave, France c. 25,000 – 17,000 BCE
  6. 6. Cave Paintingsfrom Lascaux,FranceDated 16,000yrs old
  7. 7. Female Figure (“Venus of Willendorf’) c. 23,000 BCE found near Austria Limestone, height 4 ⅜”
  8. 8. Stonehenge c. 2000-1500 BCE Salisbury Plain, EnglandHeight of stones 13’6”, weight up to 50 tons each
  9. 9. Carhenge, Jim Reinders, 1987vintage American cars near Alliance, Nebraska
  10. 10. Eggshell pottery, c. 2000 BCE Longshan culture, China
  11. 11. The Origins of Art• To construct meaningful images and forms – Magic, Spirituality, Ceremony, Ritual – Record history• To create order and structure – A desire to make sense of the world – The urge to paint and pile rocks• To explore aesthetic possibilities – The desire to make something beautiful
  12. 12. Maya Lin, Wave field
  13. 13. Frank GehryGuggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain
  14. 14. Gehry Tower in Hanover, germany
  15. 15. THE ROLE OF THE ARTIST• The artist records and commemorates: historical reference, captures a moment• The artist creates places for some human purpose: ritual, remembrance, bringing the community together• The artist gives tangible form to the unknown: things we don’t see… to the unknown, to the unseen, to the future• The artist gives feelings and ideas tangible form: using their own perspective and the viewer’s response• The artist offers an innovative way of seeing: a visual way to compare and contrast differing perspectives• The artist creates extraordinary versions of ordinary objects: exploring aesthetics of the material, makes a functional item into a nonfunctional artwork
  16. 16. Records and commemorates
  17. 17. Creates places for some human purpose
  18. 18. Gives tangible form to the unknown
  19. 19. Offers an innovative way of seeing
  20. 20. Creates extraordinary versions of ordinary objectsDietersSpoonby SarahDoremus
  21. 21. Van Gogh
  22. 22. Monet
  23. 23. Monet, Water Lilies close-up
  24. 24. Vanitas
  25. 25. Terms to know:• Aesthetics – branch of philosophy concerned with feelings aroused in us by sensory experiences such as seeing and hearing (your particular taste, what appeals to you)• Artist Intent – the decision to use certain artistic devices to create a specific look, feeling or content• Perception - The process of becoming aware through sight, sound, taste, smell, or touch; detection
  26. 26. The romantic definition of art:• Art is created in search of an ultimate truth, an ultimate perfection, an ultimate confrontation with the self and the art.• True fine art has the primary motive of artist expression & the secondary motive of money.• Art has 2 intentions: – Satisfying the artist – Satisfying the patron
  27. 27. My personal definition of ART:• The “art world” tells us what art is. – In other words: if a piece is displayed in a gallery or an image of it is published in a magazine or if it is critiqued by professionals, it is art.
  28. 28. Verrocchio
  29. 29. Patronage• Popes• The Medici family• Dorothy and Herbert Vogel
  30. 30. The Gallery ofCornelis van derGeest,Willem vanHaecht, 1628.A private picturegallery as an earlyprecursor of themodern museum.
  31. 31. Rodin studio
  32. 32. Camille
  33. 33. The Thinker,Auguste Rodin, 1902
  34. 34. Tales of Hamza
  35. 35. Dale Chihuly
  36. 36. James Hampton
  37. 37. Gayleen Aiken
  38. 38. Blurring the lines between high brow and low brow art:• High art – Painting – Sculpture – Fine photography• Low art – Pottery – Comic books – Advertisements
  39. 39. Dada movement – peak 1916-22 an avante-garde art movement
  40. 40. avant-garde• Artists and their work which stand in the forefront of a movement or of new ideas, often in opposition to established ideas and traditions; art thats ahead of its time, innovative, experimental.
  41. 41. Marcel DuchampThe Fountain, 1917He is consideredpart of the Dadamovement.Duchamp changedart for the 20thcentury.
  42. 42. From Prinzhorn’s book:Artistry of the Mentally Ill
  43. 43. Salvador Dali
  44. 44. Russian Surrealism
  45. 45. Degenerate Art Exhibition
  46. 46. Worhol
  47. 47. Lichtenstein
  48. 48. David Huang
  49. 49. Georgia O’Keefe
  50. 50. La Pietà, Michelangelo, 1499
  51. 51. Universal qualities of beauty• Symmetry• Simple geometrical shapes• Pure color• Repetition of line or shape• Fine craftsmanship
  52. 52. Francisco de GoyaChronos DevouringOne of His Children1820
  53. 53. Pablo PicassoFirst Communion,189515 yrs old
  54. 54. Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
  55. 55. The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, 1486
  56. 56. WilliamHarnettThe Old Violin1886
  57. 57. Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
  58. 58. Lavender Mist, Jackson Pollock, 1950
  59. 59. Alfred Stieglitz - photography
  60. 60. Three Major Styles of Art:• Representational – Naturalistic – Trompe L’oeil• Abstract – Cubism – Stylized• Nonrepresentational – Patterns – Shapes – Colors
  61. 61. Édouard ManetLuncheon on the Grass , 1863
  62. 62. Pere Borrell del CasoEscaping Criticism1874
  63. 63. Still life, Pompeii, c. 70 AD
  64. 64. Man on a Bench, Duane Hanson, 1997 vinyl, polychromed in oil, with accessories
  65. 65. Marilyn LevineCeramic LeatherJacketLife Size
  66. 66. David Furman
  67. 67. DavidFurman
  68. 68. The ActorPablo Picasso1905Rose Period
  69. 69. Paul Cézanne
  70. 70. Pablo PicassoLes DemoisellesdAvignon1907
  71. 71. GeorgesBraqueViolin andCandlestick1910
  72. 72. WassilyKandinskyOn White 21923
  73. 73. Kazimir Malevich,Black Square, c. 1915
  74. 74. Cataract 3, Bridget Riley, 1967
  75. 75. Where, Morris Louis, 1960
  76. 76. Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
  77. 77. STYLE• Characteristics that we recognize as constant, recurring or coherent to an individual artist’s work.• Pieces will have traits in common – Drawing style – Brush stroke – color
  78. 78. General styles• Constructed after the fact as scholars discern broad trends – Cultural – Atzec, Egyptian – Period – Gothic, Victorian – School styles – Impressionism, cubism
  79. 79. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1882 Edouard Manet
  80. 80. The textbook’s definition of art:• “embodied meaning”• Art is always about something
  81. 81. The romantic definition of art:• Art is created in search of an ultimate truth, an ultimate perfection, an ultimate confrontation with the self and the art.• True fine art has the primary motive of artist expression & the secondary motive of money.• Art has 2 intentions: – Satisfying the artist – Satisfying the patron
  82. 82. My personal definition of ART:• The “art world” tells us what art is. – In other words: if a piece is displayed in a gallery or an image of it is published in a magazine or if it is critiqued by professionals, it is art.
  83. 83. 4 key terms related to meaning:• Form• Content• Iconography• Context
  84. 84. Art & Meaning• FORM – the way art looks; size, shape, materials, color, composition• CONTENT – what the art is about; subject matter• The interaction between form and content help us determine meaning
  85. 85. Music lesson, Matisse, 1917Piano Lesson, Mattise, 1916
  86. 86. iconography• The identification, description & interpretation of subject matter in art• Relates to the culture of the time• To understand iconography of the past, we often have to do research
  87. 87. Shiva Statuein Bangalore,India
  88. 88. Arnolfini DoublePortraitJan van Eyck,1434
  89. 89. CONTEXT• Web of connections to the larger world of human culture – Relates to time & place – Personal and/or social circumstances – Why was the work made? – Who sees the work? – ALSO, the physical setting that the work is meant to be seen in
  90. 90. Pablo PicassoSeated WomanHolding a Fan1908
  91. 91. 4 key terms related to meaning:• Form• Content• Iconography• Context
  92. 92. The Gallery ofCornelis van derGeest,Willem vanHaecht, 1628.A private picturegallery as an earlyprecursor of themodern museum.
  93. 93. Jenny Holzer, "Truisms“ 1977–79
  94. 94. Barbara Kruger
  95. 95. Richard Serra, Tilted Arc
  96. 96. Born in the Streets exhibition, Paris
  97. 97. • http://gprime.net/images/sidewalkchalkguy/
  98. 98. Non-object Art• Installation art• Conceptual art• Performance Art
  99. 99. RachelWhitreadEmbankmentat Tate Modern
  100. 100. Jenny Holzer
  101. 101. jenny holzer
  102. 102. Jenny Holzer
  103. 103. Felix Gonzalez-Torres, 1995
  104. 104. Themes of Art• Craft / Decor• Sacred Realm / Religion• Politics / Propaganda• Social Order• Storytelling / History• Genre Art – images of daily life• Human Experience / Self-Expression• Invention & Fantasy• Art & Nature / Landscape• Art about Art
  105. 105. Beaded Pomo Basket Bowl
  106. 106. Mata Ortiz pottery jar,Jorge Quintana, 2002
  107. 107. Dale Chihuly30-foot blown-glass chandelierin the Victoriaand AlbertMuseum in2000.
  108. 108. Women of Gees Bend, Alabama, quilting, 2005
  109. 109. Roman Stripes by Deborah Pettway Young, circa 1963.
  110. 110. Drunkard´s Path -- Variation (Snowball) by Lucy T. Pettway, circa 1950
  111. 111. Ru Ware Bowl Stand, Chinese, Early 12th Century
  112. 112. iconoclasm• Iconoclasm means “image breaking”• Began in the Byzantium Empire – Early Christians debated the use of images • Idol worship• Arose again after Henry VIII broke from Rome – The protestants claimed the Catholics practiced idolatry, they destroyed many Catholic churches and art across Britain• Taliban – Islamic fundamentalism
  113. 113. Byzantine Iconoclasm, Chludov Psalter, 9th century.
  114. 114. The Sons of Liberty pulling down the statue of KingGeorge III on Bowling Green (New York City), 1776.
  115. 115. The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein’s statue
  116. 116. Buddhas of Bamyan6th century, Afghanistan
  117. 117. 2001
  118. 118. Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830
  119. 119. Guernica, Picasso, 1937
  120. 120. Propaganda• Propaganda is a form of communication aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position. As opposed to impartially providing information, propaganda in its most basic sense, presents information primarily to influence an audience.• Propaganda often presents facts selectively (thus possibly lying by omission) to encourage a particular synthesis, or uses loaded messages to produce an emotional rather than rational response to the information presented.• The desired result is a change of the attitude toward the subject in the target audience to further a political agenda.
  121. 121. 1876
  122. 122. 1947 comic book
  123. 123. 1917
  124. 124. 1914
  125. 125. John Brown going to his Hanging, Horace Pippen, 1942 (the actual event happened in 1859)
  126. 126. 1941
  127. 127. Dorothea Lang, Migrant Mother, 1936
  128. 128. Mary Cassatt, The Child’s Bath, 1893
  129. 129. Kathe Kollwitz,Woman with Dead Child, 1903 etching
  130. 130. The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope, Rousseau, 1905
  131. 131. The Snake Charmer, 1907
  132. 132. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Garden_of_Earthly_Delights
  133. 133. Revenge of the goldfish, 1981, sandy skoglund
  134. 134. Germs are everywhere, 1984
  135. 135. The Tetons and the Snake River, Ansel Adams, 1942
  136. 136. Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942)
  137. 137. Great Wave off Kanagawa Hokusai
  138. 138. Red Fuji from Hokusais series, Thirty- six Views of Mount Fuji.
  139. 139. Mattise, LAtelier Rouge,(The Red Studio), 1911
  140. 140. Themes of Art• Sacred Realm / Religion• Politics / Propaganda• Social Order• Storytelling / History• Human Experience / Self-Expression• Invention & Fantasy• Art & Nature / Landscape• Art about Art
  141. 141. End of Ch 1-3
  142. 142. Grading Criteria - Presentations• Proper length = 5 minutes• Full bio/history – Pic of artist – Where did they go to school – Influences/legacy• Anecdotal info• Plenty of images• Presenters interest in the subject• Seems informed/able to answer questions• Proper sources cited
  143. 143. Arnolfini Double PortraitJan van Eyck, 1434
  144. 144. Vietnam Veterans MemorialMaya Lin, 1981-84

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