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SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT
1
ABRAR SALEEM KANTH
Roll No. :
42-CE-2012
A Presentation on:
Presented By:
 Solid waste
 Types of solid waste
 Sources of solid waste
 Effects of solid waste
 solid waste management
 Storage
 Collection
 waste handling and transport
 method of disposal
 Concept of 3R
 CONTENTS
 Solid Waste
 Examples of Solid
Waste
E-Wastes
Industrial wastes
Bio-medical wastes
Agricultural wastes
Municipal Solid wastes
 Classification of Solid
Waste
 Municipal Solid wastes: Solid wastes that include household garbage, rubbish, construction
& packaging materials, etc. and are managed by any municipality.
 Bio-medical wastes: Solid or liquid wastes including containers, products generated during
diagnosis, treatment & research activities of medical sciences.
 Industrial wastes: Liquid and solid wastes that are generated by manufacturing &
processing units of various industries like chemical, petroleum, coal, metal gas, paper etc.
 Agricultural wastes: Wastes generated from farming activities. These substances are
mostly biodegradable.
 E-wastes: Electronic wastes generated from any modern establishments. They may be
described as discarded electrical or electronic devices. Some electronic scrap components,
such as wires, circuits, mobile, computers etc.
 Classification of Solid
Waste
E-Wastes Agricultural wastes
Bio-medical wastes Industrial wastes
 Sources of
Waste
 Muncipal
solid waste
generation
in india
 7.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste.
 One Sq. km of additional landfill area is needed every-year.
 Rs 1600 crore for treatment & disposal of these wastes.
 In addition to this industries discharge about 150 million tonnes of
high volume low hazard waste every year, which is mostly dumped
on open low lying land areas.
 Solid Waste in India
 In Mumbai (2005) the sewage line is cloged due to large no.
of plastic bags.
 Blast in the Bhusan Steel factory at Noida, caused due to
imported scrap from Iran.
 Reduction in the number of migratory birds due to
consumption of contaminated foods.
 Animals dying on streets due to consumption of plastic
bags, which blocks the food movement in their stomach .
 How solid waste affected us in
recent years?
Impacts
of solid
waste on
health
Nausea and
vomiting
Low birth
weight
Cancer
Chemical
poisoning
through
chemical
inhalation
Increase in
hospitalization
of diabetic
residents living
near hazard
waste sites
Mercury toxicity
from eating fish
with high levels
of mercury Impacts of
Solid waste
on health
Population
growth
Increase in
industrials
manufacturin
g
Urbanization
 Causes of
increase in
solid waste
Waste management is the
 storage
 collection
 transport and handling
 recycling
 disposal and monitoring of waste
materials.
 Solid waste
management
 Storage:
- Galvanized steel dust bin
- Paper sack
- Public bins
 storage
 Collection
- House-to-house collection
- Collection from the public bins
 collection
 Waste handling and separation involves activities associated with
waste management until the waste is placed in storage containers
for collection. Handling also encompasses the movement of loaded
containers to the point of collection.
 waste is transferred from a smaller collection vehicle to larger
transport equipment
 Waste handling
and transport
1. Dumping
2. Controlled Tipping or Sanitary Landfill
3. Incineration
4. Composting
5. Manure pits
6. Burial
 Method of disposal
 It is the most traditional method of waste disposal.
 Waste is directly dumped into quarries, mining voids or
borrow pits.
 Disposed waste is compacted and covered with soil.
 It is generally used for domestic waste.
 Land Filling
 A Land
Fill Site
 Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the
combustion of solid waste at 1000^o C.
 waste materials are converted into ash, flue gas, and heat.
 The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the
waste and gases due to organic waste.
 The heat generated by incineration is used to generate electric
power.
 Incineration
 Incineration
Know 3R’s Concept and Justify
Aspects and Issues related to
recycling and composting of
municipal solid waste (MSW).
 How can we make a
change
Reduction
• By reducing, consumer and industry can save natural resources
and reduce waste management costs.
Reuse
• Large production companies such as Electronic, appliances and
gadgets, should establish the collection centre, where damaged
items can be repaired and reuse.
Recycling
• Recycling turns materials that would otherwise become waste
into valuable resources.
 Waste generation and waste reduction reflect many complex economic and social factors. No city or
town can adopt recommendations in a vacuum; each must examine its own wastes, and the potential
for extending waste reduction.
 Conclusion
Thank You..

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solid waste management by abrar saleem

  • 1. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 1 ABRAR SALEEM KANTH Roll No. : 42-CE-2012 A Presentation on: Presented By:
  • 2.  Solid waste  Types of solid waste  Sources of solid waste  Effects of solid waste  solid waste management  Storage  Collection  waste handling and transport  method of disposal  Concept of 3R  CONTENTS
  • 4.  Examples of Solid Waste
  • 5. E-Wastes Industrial wastes Bio-medical wastes Agricultural wastes Municipal Solid wastes  Classification of Solid Waste
  • 6.  Municipal Solid wastes: Solid wastes that include household garbage, rubbish, construction & packaging materials, etc. and are managed by any municipality.  Bio-medical wastes: Solid or liquid wastes including containers, products generated during diagnosis, treatment & research activities of medical sciences.  Industrial wastes: Liquid and solid wastes that are generated by manufacturing & processing units of various industries like chemical, petroleum, coal, metal gas, paper etc.  Agricultural wastes: Wastes generated from farming activities. These substances are mostly biodegradable.  E-wastes: Electronic wastes generated from any modern establishments. They may be described as discarded electrical or electronic devices. Some electronic scrap components, such as wires, circuits, mobile, computers etc.  Classification of Solid Waste
  • 7. E-Wastes Agricultural wastes Bio-medical wastes Industrial wastes
  • 10.  7.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste.  One Sq. km of additional landfill area is needed every-year.  Rs 1600 crore for treatment & disposal of these wastes.  In addition to this industries discharge about 150 million tonnes of high volume low hazard waste every year, which is mostly dumped on open low lying land areas.  Solid Waste in India
  • 11.  In Mumbai (2005) the sewage line is cloged due to large no. of plastic bags.  Blast in the Bhusan Steel factory at Noida, caused due to imported scrap from Iran.  Reduction in the number of migratory birds due to consumption of contaminated foods.  Animals dying on streets due to consumption of plastic bags, which blocks the food movement in their stomach .  How solid waste affected us in recent years?
  • 12. Impacts of solid waste on health Nausea and vomiting Low birth weight Cancer Chemical poisoning through chemical inhalation Increase in hospitalization of diabetic residents living near hazard waste sites Mercury toxicity from eating fish with high levels of mercury Impacts of Solid waste on health
  • 14. Waste management is the  storage  collection  transport and handling  recycling  disposal and monitoring of waste materials.  Solid waste management
  • 15.  Storage: - Galvanized steel dust bin - Paper sack - Public bins  storage
  • 16.  Collection - House-to-house collection - Collection from the public bins  collection
  • 17.  Waste handling and separation involves activities associated with waste management until the waste is placed in storage containers for collection. Handling also encompasses the movement of loaded containers to the point of collection.  waste is transferred from a smaller collection vehicle to larger transport equipment  Waste handling and transport
  • 18. 1. Dumping 2. Controlled Tipping or Sanitary Landfill 3. Incineration 4. Composting 5. Manure pits 6. Burial  Method of disposal
  • 19.  It is the most traditional method of waste disposal.  Waste is directly dumped into quarries, mining voids or borrow pits.  Disposed waste is compacted and covered with soil.  It is generally used for domestic waste.  Land Filling
  • 21.  Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of solid waste at 1000^o C.  waste materials are converted into ash, flue gas, and heat.  The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste and gases due to organic waste.  The heat generated by incineration is used to generate electric power.  Incineration
  • 23. Know 3R’s Concept and Justify Aspects and Issues related to recycling and composting of municipal solid waste (MSW).  How can we make a change
  • 24. Reduction • By reducing, consumer and industry can save natural resources and reduce waste management costs. Reuse • Large production companies such as Electronic, appliances and gadgets, should establish the collection centre, where damaged items can be repaired and reuse. Recycling • Recycling turns materials that would otherwise become waste into valuable resources.
  • 25.  Waste generation and waste reduction reflect many complex economic and social factors. No city or town can adopt recommendations in a vacuum; each must examine its own wastes, and the potential for extending waste reduction.  Conclusion