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Intelligent Transportation
SystemSubmitted by:
Wasim Kamran
25-CE-2012
 TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS
& THEIR SOLUTION
Introduction
Why
ITS?
Intelligent Transport
Technologies
Intelligent Transport Applications
Benefits of ITSBenefits of ITS
ConclusionConclusion
ContentsContents
The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
refers to information and communication
technology, applied to transport
infrastructure and vehicles, that improve
transport outcomes such as:
Transport Safety
Transport Productivity
Travel Reliability
Informed Travel Choices
Social Equity
 Introduction Introduction
 Interest in ITS comes from the problems caused by
traffic congestion.
 Traffic congestion has been worldwide as a result
of increased motorization, urbanization, population
growth, and changes in population density.
 Congestion reduces efficiency of transportation
infrastructure and increases travel time, air
pollution, and fuel consumption.
Why ITS?Why ITS?
Inductive Loop
Detection & Sensing
Technologies
Video Vehicle
Detection
Wireless
Communications
Computational
Technologies
Floating Car
Data/Floating Cellular
Data
 Intelligent Transport Technologies Intelligent Transport Technologies
 "Floating car" or "probe" data collection is a set of
relatively low-cost methods for obtaining travel time
and speed data for vehicles traveling along streets,
highways, freeways, and other transportation routes.
 Floating car data technology provides advantages
over other methods of traffic measurement:
 Less expensive than sensors or cameras
 More coverage (potentially including all locations and streets)
 Faster to set up and less maintenance
 Works in all weather conditions, including heavy rain
 Floating Car Data/Floating Cellular Data Floating Car Data/Floating Cellular Data
 Technological advances in telecommunications and
information technology and inexpensive intelligent
sensing technologies, have enhanced the technical
capabilities that will facilitate motorist safety
benefits for intelligent transportation systems
globally.
 Sensing systems for ITS are vehicle- and
infrastructure-based networked systems.
Infrastructure sensors are indestructible devices
that are installed or embedded in the road or
surrounding the road, as required, and may be
manually diffused during preventive road
construction maintenance.
 Sensing Technologies Sensing Technologies
Sensing TechnologiesSensing Technologies
 Inductive loops can be placed in a roadbed to detect
vehicles as they pass through the loop's magnetic
field. The simplest detectors simply count the
number of vehicles during a unit of time (typically 60
seconds in the United States) that pass over the
loop
 While more sophisticated sensors estimate the
speed, length, and weight of vehicles and the
distance between them.
 Loops can be placed in a single lane or across
multiple lanes, and they work with very slow or
stopped vehicles as well as vehicles moving at high-
speed.
 Inductive Loop Detection Inductive Loop Detection
Contd.Contd.
 Intelligent Transport Applications Intelligent Transport Applications
Today, most toll roads are
equipped with an electronic
toll-collection system, like
E-Z Pass, that detects and
processes tolls electronically.
E-Z Pass uses a vehicle-
mounted transponder that is
activated by an antenna on a
toll lane. Your account
information is stored in the
transponder. The antenna
dentifies your transponder and
reads your account
information. The amount of
the toll is deducted and you're
allowed through.
Electronic Toll CollectionElectronic Toll Collection
 eCall eCall
 Speed cameras :that identify vehicles traveling over
the legal speed limit. Many such devices use radar
to detect a vehicle's speed or electromagnetic loops
buried in each lane of the road.
 Red light cameras :that detect vehicles that cross a
stop line or designated stopping place while a red
traffic light is showing.
 Bus lane cameras :that identify vehicles traveling in
lanes reserved for buses. In some jurisdictions, bus
lanes can also be used by taxis or vehicles engaged
in car pooling.
 Level crossing cameras: that identify vehicles
crossing railways at grade illegally.
 High-occupancy vehicle lane cameras: for that
identify vehicles violating HOV requirements.
 Automatic Road Enforcement Automatic Road Enforcement
 Collision Avoidance Systems Collision Avoidance Systems
Accident Cost Savings (44%)
Time Savings (41%)
Emissions/Fuel (6%)
Operating Cost Savings (5%)
Agency Cost Savings (4%)
Other (< 1%)
Source : Apogee Report on Global ITS Benefits
Projected ITS Infrastructure Benefits
(1996-2015)
Projected ITS Infrastructure Benefits
(1996-2015)
Traffic congestion is an important problem in Indian
cities. The characteristics of Indian roads and traffic
make the problem interesting to solve. There is
scope for evaluating existing ideas in different and
challenging traffic scenario.
 Conclusion Conclusion
intelligent transport system bgsbu coet

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intelligent transport system bgsbu coet

  • 3. Introduction Why ITS? Intelligent Transport Technologies Intelligent Transport Applications Benefits of ITSBenefits of ITS ConclusionConclusion ContentsContents
  • 4. The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) refers to information and communication technology, applied to transport infrastructure and vehicles, that improve transport outcomes such as: Transport Safety Transport Productivity Travel Reliability Informed Travel Choices Social Equity  Introduction Introduction
  • 5.  Interest in ITS comes from the problems caused by traffic congestion.  Traffic congestion has been worldwide as a result of increased motorization, urbanization, population growth, and changes in population density.  Congestion reduces efficiency of transportation infrastructure and increases travel time, air pollution, and fuel consumption. Why ITS?Why ITS?
  • 6. Inductive Loop Detection & Sensing Technologies Video Vehicle Detection Wireless Communications Computational Technologies Floating Car Data/Floating Cellular Data  Intelligent Transport Technologies Intelligent Transport Technologies
  • 7.  "Floating car" or "probe" data collection is a set of relatively low-cost methods for obtaining travel time and speed data for vehicles traveling along streets, highways, freeways, and other transportation routes.  Floating car data technology provides advantages over other methods of traffic measurement:  Less expensive than sensors or cameras  More coverage (potentially including all locations and streets)  Faster to set up and less maintenance  Works in all weather conditions, including heavy rain  Floating Car Data/Floating Cellular Data Floating Car Data/Floating Cellular Data
  • 8.  Technological advances in telecommunications and information technology and inexpensive intelligent sensing technologies, have enhanced the technical capabilities that will facilitate motorist safety benefits for intelligent transportation systems globally.  Sensing systems for ITS are vehicle- and infrastructure-based networked systems. Infrastructure sensors are indestructible devices that are installed or embedded in the road or surrounding the road, as required, and may be manually diffused during preventive road construction maintenance.  Sensing Technologies Sensing Technologies
  • 10.  Inductive loops can be placed in a roadbed to detect vehicles as they pass through the loop's magnetic field. The simplest detectors simply count the number of vehicles during a unit of time (typically 60 seconds in the United States) that pass over the loop  While more sophisticated sensors estimate the speed, length, and weight of vehicles and the distance between them.  Loops can be placed in a single lane or across multiple lanes, and they work with very slow or stopped vehicles as well as vehicles moving at high- speed.  Inductive Loop Detection Inductive Loop Detection
  • 12.  Intelligent Transport Applications Intelligent Transport Applications
  • 13. Today, most toll roads are equipped with an electronic toll-collection system, like E-Z Pass, that detects and processes tolls electronically. E-Z Pass uses a vehicle- mounted transponder that is activated by an antenna on a toll lane. Your account information is stored in the transponder. The antenna dentifies your transponder and reads your account information. The amount of the toll is deducted and you're allowed through. Electronic Toll CollectionElectronic Toll Collection
  • 15.  Speed cameras :that identify vehicles traveling over the legal speed limit. Many such devices use radar to detect a vehicle's speed or electromagnetic loops buried in each lane of the road.  Red light cameras :that detect vehicles that cross a stop line or designated stopping place while a red traffic light is showing.  Bus lane cameras :that identify vehicles traveling in lanes reserved for buses. In some jurisdictions, bus lanes can also be used by taxis or vehicles engaged in car pooling.  Level crossing cameras: that identify vehicles crossing railways at grade illegally.  High-occupancy vehicle lane cameras: for that identify vehicles violating HOV requirements.  Automatic Road Enforcement Automatic Road Enforcement
  • 16.  Collision Avoidance Systems Collision Avoidance Systems
  • 17. Accident Cost Savings (44%) Time Savings (41%) Emissions/Fuel (6%) Operating Cost Savings (5%) Agency Cost Savings (4%) Other (< 1%) Source : Apogee Report on Global ITS Benefits Projected ITS Infrastructure Benefits (1996-2015) Projected ITS Infrastructure Benefits (1996-2015)
  • 18. Traffic congestion is an important problem in Indian cities. The characteristics of Indian roads and traffic make the problem interesting to solve. There is scope for evaluating existing ideas in different and challenging traffic scenario.  Conclusion Conclusion