History of the British Film Industry

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History of the British Film Industry

  1. 1. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BRITISH FILM INDUSTRY By Bethany Bouchareb
  2. 2. Early history • Emerged in the late 19th century • In the first decade of the 20th century more than 30 film studios were established in and around London • Success with British films faded as America begun creating feature length films which were more expensive and heavily marketed • In 1925, the British film industry were making fewer than 40 feature length films a year
  3. 3. CINEMATOGRAPH FILMS ACT 1927 • An act that was created by the government • A quota was set for British made films and this quota had to to be met by the distributors and exhibitors • The production of British made films doubled by the end of the decade • This also established new production companies • However this is also the blamed reason for creating a marker of poor quality, low costing films and quota ‘quickies’
  4. 4. 1930’s • The ‘talkies’ (sound film) had a good effect on the British film industry • The most successful British film company in this time was founded by a Hungarian: London Film Productions • In the late 1930’s the British film industry came to a halt again due to being bankrupt from over expanding • Quality tests were included with quotas to avoid quota quickies.
  5. 5. WORLD WAR 2 AND POST WAR • Was in recession at the beginning • Cinema attendance rose • The British film company tried to compete with America in studio size • In 1947, America stopped distributing films to the UK
  6. 6. CINEMATOGRAPHIC ACT REVISITED • The exhibitors quota was raised • The National Film Finance Corporation (NFFC) was introduced to distribute loans for film production
  7. 7. 1950’S-1980s • The British film industry was at competition with new technologies (radio and TV) • The British film industry had expertise in special effects (A space odyssey) • British filmmakers begun to make film versions of TV programs • The NFFC was abolished • The quota system was suspended
  8. 8. THE LAST 10 YEARS • The UK film council was launched • Bridget Jones Diary was a big hit for the British film industry • Harry Potter was British made but American funded • In 2008, Britain was the 11th largest producer of films in the world

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