PRESENTER:1. MOHAMAD HASBULLAH BIN ABD RAHIM2. NOOR HIDAYAH BT HAMDAN
Carl Rogers is the father of the humanistic movement in Psychotherapy His core theme in therapy is non-judgmental listening & acceptance of the client, better known as unconditional positive regard His therapeutic approach is known as the Person Centered Therapy, which is based on the concepts of humanistic psychology & shares many of the concepts of Existentialism Both of these concepts share the idea that the client can make positive & constructive choices His approach is also based on the theory that people are "trustworthy" and can solve their own problems without direct intervention from the therapist
Born : January 8, 1902(1902-01-08) Oak Park, Illinois, U.S. Died : February 4, 1987(1987-02-04) (aged 85) San Diego, California, U.S. Nationality : American Fields : Psychology Institutions Ohio State University University of Chicago University of Wisconsin–Madison Western Behavioral Sciences Institute Center for Studies of the Person Alma mater : University of Wisconsin–Madison Teachers College, Columbia University Known for : The Person-centered approach (e.g., Client-centered therapy, Student- centered learning, Rogerian argument) Influences Otto Rank, Kurt Goldstein, Friedrich Nietzsche Notable awards Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology (1956, APA); Award for Distinguished Contributions to Applied Psychology as a Professional Practice (1972, APA); 1964 Humanist of the Year (American Humanist Association)
Person-centered therapy, which is also known asclient-centered, non-directive, or Rogeriantherapy, is an approach to counseling andpsychotherapy that places much of theresponsibility for the treatment process on theclient, with the therapist taking a nondirectiverole.
CONGRUENCE:- refers to the therapists openness and genuineness-the willingness to relate to clients without hiding behind a professional facade. UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD:- means that the therapist accepts the client totally for who he or she is without evaluating or censoring, and without disapproving of particular feelings, actions, or characteristics
EMPATHY:- Showing an emotional understanding of and sensitivity to the clients feelings throughout the therapy session.- “Enter to client shoes” rasa apa yang client rasa
CONCEPT OF SELF Acc to Rogers, “self is an outgrowth of what a person experiences and awareness of self helps a person differentiate him/her from others.”-(pengalaman/kesedaran membezakan antara 1 samalain) „Real self‟ and „ideal self‟ The more is the gap b/w real self and ideal self, the more will be the maladjustment ( ketidakupayaan menyesuaikan diri) . For a healthy self to emerge, a person needs positive regard