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Person-Centered Therapy


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This presentation details information about Carl Rogers a Humanistic therapist who also influenced education.

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Person-Centered Therapy

  1. 1. Carl Rogers ConceptsCompare/Contrast Applications Fallacies
  2. 2.  1902 – 1987  Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association in 1956.  Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Psychology by the APA in 1972  Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with national intergroup conflict in South Africa and Northern Ireland Decent family history, although rather religiously strict. Introverted person/Highly imaginative Deep openness to Change Faith in people affected his development of his theories Felt assessments at the onset of counseling would cause the client to assume that the therapist would “fix” their problems.
  3. 3.  Counseling and Psychotherapy – 1942  Proposed – Nondirective counseling Key Concepts:  Humanism  The person should be viewed holistically  Each person has it within themselves to fix themselves.  Free-will  Personal Responsibility
  4. 4. Rogers Freud  Empathy  Therapist knows  Unconditional Best Positive Regard  Client’s knowledge  Client Knows best is insignificant  Reflective listening  Advice, Persuasion, Teaching  No-Diagnosis  Unconscious drive  Congruent whole personality  Personality divided  Focus on the  Focus on the person not the problem, not the problem person  Persons needed direct help in order to solve their problemsSocial Work Podcast #8, 2/12/07
  5. 5. 1. A relationship exists 2. Client is a state of incongruence 3. Therapist is Congruent 4. Therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client 5. Therapist experiences and attempts to express an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference 6. Therapist’s unconditional positive regard, empathic understanding, and congruence must be perceived by the clientSeligman, Pg. 150
  6. 6. Being Real
  7. 7.  The ability for the therapist to be genuine No façade Requires self-awareness Deliberate self-disclosure Therapists need to be aware that a client’s subjective interpretation could lead to misinterpretation
  8. 8. Prizing, Acceptance, Trust
  9. 9.  Prizing Caring for and respecting the client Does NOT require that the therapist accept and approve of all the client’s actions Therapist needs to be consistent of their acceptance and regard of the person
  10. 10. Putting yourself in the client’s shoes
  11. 11.  Grasping the subjective words of the client Reflection of feeling NOT Sympathy
  12. 12.  Can I be real? – Real, Congruence, Transparency Prizing/Caring for this person – “if I dislike this person I find it important that express it” Empathy – Can I see things through “her” eyes?
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Emotion-Focused Therapy
  15. 15.  Emotions as crucial to experience Goal-setting Talk about an event – “I feel, about, because…” Emotion processing activities Homework Motivational Interviewing Reflective Listening
  16. 16. It’s Complicated – Universal Pictures - 2009
  17. 17. 1. Identify and describe a situation where you felt that someone wronged you and how that made you feel.2. Is this situation repeated in other aspects in your life?3. What other emotions do you feel about this. Does this situation trigger other memories or emotions?4. How can you turn this around and see this from a different perspective? What are the truths about this situation?
  18. 18.  Assumption of “Sufficient for Change” has not been proven by research. Being Genuine – Beginning clinicians get stuck “faking” it.
  19. 19. What Person-Centered Therapy means to the world of Psychology  Carl Rogers coined a philosophy that is in predominant use today.  This therapeutic approach encourages the client to find their own solutions by allowing them the ability to see themselves, through therapist acceptance of them and reflective listening.  The assumption of “innate good” is still in debate as the “nature verses nurture” aspects of personality are still in dispute.