Client-centered therapy


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A power point presentation on the client centered therapy. The therapy was developed by Carl Rogers and it focuses on persons rather than problems

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Client-centered therapy

  2. 2. <ul><li>Developed in 1940s as an innovative alternative to psychoanalysis- by Carl Rogers </li></ul><ul><li>Antedated during the strong movement toward behavior therapy that took place in the 50s and humanistic revolution of 60s </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers challenged belief that clients cannot understand & resolve their own problems with direct help from experts </li></ul><ul><li>He questioned focus on problems rather than on people in therapy </li></ul>ORIGIN
  3. 3. DEFINITION <ul><li>Person-centered therapy, which is also known as client-centered, non-directive, or Rogerian therapy, is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a nondirective role. </li></ul>
  4. 4. OBJECTIVE OF THERAPY <ul><li>The primary objective of the therapy is to resolve the incongruence of the clients to help them able to accept and be themselves </li></ul>
  5. 5. PURPOSE <ul><li>To foster in clients, a closer agreement between the client's idealized and actual selves; better self-understanding </li></ul><ul><li>To lower levels of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity </li></ul><ul><li>To foster more positive and comfortable relationships with others and an increased capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CONCEPT OF SELF <ul><li>Acc to Rogers, “self is an outgrowth of what a person experiences and awareness of self helps a person differentiate him/her from others.” </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Real self’ and ‘ideal self’ </li></ul><ul><li>The more is the gap b/w real self and ideal self, the more will be the maladjustment. </li></ul><ul><li>For a healthy self to emerge, a person needs positive regard </li></ul>
  7. 7. MAIN COMPONENTS <ul><li>CONGRUENCE:- refers to the therapist's openness and genuineness-the willingness to relate to clients without hiding behind a professional facade. </li></ul><ul><li>UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD:- means that the therapist accepts the client totally for who he or she is without evaluating or censoring, and without disapproving of particular feelings, actions, or characteristics </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cont…… <ul><li>EMPATHY:- Showing an emotional understanding of and sensitivity to the client's feelings throughout the therapy session. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SIX CONDITIONS REQUIRED FOR THERAPEUTIC CHANGE: <ul><li>Therapist-Client Psychological Contact : a relationship between client and therapist </li></ul><ul><li>Client incongruence : that incongruence exists between the client's experience and awareness, their being vulnerable and anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Therapist Congruence : the therapist is congruent within the therapeutic relationship </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cont….. <ul><li>Therapist Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR): the therapist accepts the client unconditionally, without judgment, disapproval or approval </li></ul><ul><li>Therapist Empathic understanding : the therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client's internal frame of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Client Perception : that the client perceives, at to a minimal degree, the therapist's UPR and empathic understanding </li></ul>
  11. 11. PROCESS OF THERAPY <ul><li>Client’s communications about externals & not self </li></ul><ul><li>Client describes feelings but not recognize or “own” them personally </li></ul><ul><li>Client talks about self as an object in terms of past experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Client experiences feelings in present-just describes them with distrust & fear </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cont…… <ul><li>Client experiences & expresses feelings freely in present-feelings bubble up </li></ul><ul><li>Client accepts own feelings in immediacy & richness </li></ul><ul><li>Client trusts new experiences & relates to others openly & freely </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE THERAPIST’S SHOULD ……… <ul><li>Listen and try to understand how things are from the client's point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Check that ‘understanding’ with the client if unsure. </li></ul><ul><li>Treat the client with the utmost respect and regard. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also a mandate for the therapist to be &quot;congruent&quot;, or &quot;transparent&quot; </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cont….. <ul><li>Focuses on the quality of the therapeutic relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as a model of a human being struggling toward greater realness </li></ul><ul><li>Is genuine, integrated, and authentic, without a false front </li></ul><ul><li>Can openly express feelings and attitudes that are present in the relationship with the client </li></ul>
  15. 15. Techniques used <ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting </li></ul><ul><li>Respecting </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Responding </li></ul>
  16. 16. APPLICATIONS <ul><li>Used to treat a broad range of people </li></ul><ul><li>People with schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Persons suffering from depression, anxiety, alcohol disorders, cognitive dysfunction, and personality disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used in individual, group, or family therapy </li></ul>
  17. 17. FREQUENCY OF THERAPY <ul><li>No strict guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Usually therapists adhere to a one-hour session once per week </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduling may be adjusted according to the client's expressed needs </li></ul><ul><li>Termination usually occurs when he or she feels able to better cope with life's difficulties </li></ul>
  18. 18. EXPECTED RESULTS <ul><li>Improved self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Trust in one's inner feelings and experiences as valuable sources of information for making decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Increased ability to learn from (rather than repeating) mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity; more positive and comfortable relationships with others </li></ul><ul><li>An increased capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur; and openness to new experiences and new ways of thinking about life </li></ul>
  19. 19. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Pure client centered psycho therapy as originally practiced is rarely used today. But it opened the way for a variety of humanistically oriented therapies in which focus is the client’s present conscious problems and in which it is assumed that the client is the primary actor in the curative process, with the therapist essentially being the facilitator. </li></ul>
  20. 20. THANK YOU!!!