Citizenship

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Citizenship

  1. 1. Citizenship <ul><li>Fundamental to democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Informed </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><li>SS has been “assigned” the responsibility for this </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cultural Conservation Orientation <ul><li>Passing on societal core values </li></ul><ul><li>“ Truths” to pass on </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to as “passive” citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to be dominated by teacher-centred curriculum </li></ul>
  3. 3. Disciplines Orientation <ul><li>Need to understand concepts and processes contained in the disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Each discipline has its own structure and method of inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures are standardized and organized </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed as “rigorous” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Inquiry Orientation <ul><li>Citizenship must be able to identify and solve complex, diverse problems </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis is on the search for knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Demands active involvement of students </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome of investigations not known ahead of time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cultural Transformation Orientation <ul><li>Basis is a broad social concern for social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Development of skills necessary to change and improve existing social practices </li></ul><ul><li>Active involvement and student opinions are crucial </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection on moral issues </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Development Orientation <ul><li>Development of the self is crucial to good citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive self-concept </li></ul><ul><li>Personal efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Search for own personal meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Character-values-morals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Respect for Diversity Orientation <ul><li>All people/groups have value </li></ul><ul><li>The good citizen appreciates the values of different groups </li></ul><ul><li>“Emotional Generosity” </li></ul><ul><li>Combating prejudice/stereotyping </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence of people across cultures </li></ul>
  8. 8. Global Orientation <ul><li>Worldwide interdependence of people </li></ul><ul><li>“National Citizenship” is too narrow </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of pluralism, and skills to cope with rapid change </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of finite resources </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of broad issues (e.g. environmental problems) </li></ul>

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