Moral EducationStep 2s What fundamental knowledge must I have to teach moral education? – Child development – My moral valuess What do I teach them in moral education? – Syllabus for preschools How am I going to teach this topic in an interesting way? – Activities for preschoolers
My foundations How does moral development take place in children?s What do I understand by morality / what values do I hold strongly?s How do I deal with teaching affective domain?s What skills do I have?
Preschool MoralEducations curriculum – Citizenship Development – Discipline and Habit formation – Critical Thinking Skills
Valuess taught explicitly (directly) and implicitly (subtly)s Moral education starts the moment you step into the school until you leave at the end of the day!s Moral values are taught across the curriculum in all subjects.
Moralitys what is right and what is wrongs what is right according to the norms of the societys influenced greatly by our upbringing (cultural and religious)s what is taught right is what the teacher feels right.
Objective sto build a society of good citizens – bring about positive behaviour change s to cultivate universal values – good manners s to develop moral reasoning so that individual makes good moral choices. – Act in a moral way based on moral principles, to make good moral judgments
Teaching Strategys Values Clarifications Teaching techniques – storytelling, – role play ………..
Evaluations checklist for teachers, parents, self-assessment, otherss Questioning and reasonings practical application
Activitiess Games s Songs with – Board games values in lyrics with simple rules /create owns Sequencing songs puzzles s Languages Puppet show learning -s Ground rules - opposites of animate things in values the classroom, s Situations Candle time s Circumstances -s Drama ask what theys Reading books - will do value in story, s Coloured rocks / title is a value stuffed toys -s Art label them with valuess Pictures
Moral EducationStep 4s What fundamental knowledge must I have to teach moral education? – Values clarifications How am I going to teach this topic in an interesting way? – activitiess How can I know if I am doing the right thing? – Evaluation forms
Questioni ng skill Affective Own Domain Values Moral Values Across curriculumEducationPsychologists Classroom Activities
Moral DilemmaRight ? Wrong ? How do I prioritise my options?
Issues for PreschoolMoral EducationConsiderations Dealing with parents on issues of habits / valuess Environmental issuess Field trips to centres of interests Sex educations Prioritizing confronting issuess Teachers as role modelss Religious and cultural differences
Issues for PreschoolMoral Education(cont)s Methodology - 1/2 hr circle time, rules, set max limit, record progress, questioning skillss How to draw the line?s Moral issues that teachers deal withs Conflicting values between teachers and parentss Universal values - common
What teachers need to beaware of:s Create a psychologically safe environment – mutual respects Provide structured plans Avoid moralizings Introduce values graduallys Make your own activitiess Inform others with your progress with methods useds Be cautious - don’t expect miracles – children are not the same – some take more time to value their own thinking
Clarifying questionss Stimulating – open-ended questionss Allow critical thinkings Divert from normal classroom questionss Challenge them to thinks Thought provoking, motivate child to respond / to explore more deeplys Help clarify his thinking
Tips:s Become aware • try to ask at least once a clarifying question per days Be brief • can be at recess, before school, lunch time, class, circle times Ask selective children • those who make personal statements about interests Avoid ‘why’ questions • which lead child to justify or defend what he/she saids Do not give answer • allow silence for personal thinking (don’t be anxious to answer question yourself!)
Open-ended Questionss What did you do ..?s If someone gave you RM100/- what would you do?s I feel happy when …s I feel sad when … C h ild re n love to s h are th e ir fe e lings and b e lie fs
Discussions Open discussion • accept all viewpoints • Can you describe your friend….? • How can we save the earth?s Zig Zag lesson – start questioning mildly, stimulate interest then zero in with a confronting question • How did you come to school? • How many of you walk? • How many use cars?.. Bus? • What are some of the rules you follow on the way to school? • Suppose there were no rules for stopping at signal lights?
Kurikulum Pendidikan Moral 2002s Perkembangan diris Diri dengan keluargas Diri dengan masyarakats Diri dengan alam sekitars Diri dengan negara – Bercerita, main pernan, permainan, pemerhatian, latihan amali – Isu semasa – Diterapkan kebanyakan aktiviti