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  1. 1. “ Know Your HIV Status Get Tested Today” Campaign BELIZE PNP Carol Tennyson VCT Services, San Ignacio, Cayo
  2. 2. The Epidemiology Unit, MOH
  3. 3. FACTORS DRIVING THE EPIDEMIC IN BELIZE <ul><li>A. SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND BEHAVIOURAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dysfunctional gender relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited life-skills for sexual education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural and religious taboo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination & stigma of PLWHA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Monogamy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient condom use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial sex work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substance abuse: alcohol, crack, cocaine leading to risky behaviour </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>B. ECONOMIC, DEVELOPMENT, and SITUATIONAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty, inequitable income distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited skills and poor socialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited genuine multi-sectoral response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Situational </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C. BIO-MEDICAL, ETHICAL AND ACCESS TO CARE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to care for some populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitudes of health workers towards PLWA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited legal and ethical frameworks for issues surrounding living with HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul>FACTORS DRIVING THE EPIDEMIC IN BELIZE
  5. 5. Motivation 1. To decrease risk and impact of HIV/AIDS 2.Provide VCT Services 3. Provide free HIV Rapid Test to determine HIV status before onset of AIDS
  6. 6. Motivation 4. Provide free CD4 Tests 5. Provide free ARV Medication according to criteria 6. Provide continuum of support - Nutrition - Hygiene - Adherence - Support Services
  7. 7. HIV Stigma and Discrimination Lack of Financial and Human Resources Lack of Private Sector Collaboration High Cost for Newspaper and TV PSA Obstacles
  8. 8. Strategies <ul><li>Private Sector for financing, involvement and ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Media to decrease cost of PSA and free air time </li></ul><ul><li>Social Mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>Youth for development of HIV Song </li></ul><ul><li>Persons Living with HIV/AIDS for development of PSA </li></ul>
  9. 9. Services Needed to Be Improved <ul><li>More trained human resource to conduct VCT Services, if not this could lead to overload </li></ul><ul><li>More laboratory supplies and human resource to conduct laboratory services </li></ul><ul><li>More free spots for the PSA from the Media </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact <ul><li>More HIV Tests performed during the time period of the campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Demand and provision of condoms increased </li></ul><ul><li>More persons accessing ARVs </li></ul><ul><li>More requests for Educational Talks at schools and workplaces </li></ul>
  11. 11. Next Time <ul><li>Consult IEC </li></ul><ul><li>Extend or expand VCT Services to Urban/Rural </li></ul><ul><li>Involve more vulnerable groups </li></ul><ul><li>More media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct monitor and evaluation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Promotional Materials <ul><li>Banner </li></ul><ul><li>Bumper Stickers </li></ul><ul><li>Radio & TV Announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Folders </li></ul><ul><li>Song </li></ul><ul><li>Pens </li></ul><ul><li>Mugs </li></ul><ul><li>Shirts </li></ul><ul><li>Lan Yard </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Ad </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>