Earth Art To Video


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Earth Art To Video

  1. 2. Earth Art <ul><li>Smithson, Spiral Jetty , Great Salt Lake, Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Used black rocks and earth from the site to create a coil 1500 feet long and 15 feet wide </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches counterclockwise into the lake </li></ul><ul><li>Dump trucks, a tractor, and front loaders used </li></ul><ul><li>View of object changes depending on vantage point </li></ul><ul><li>Viewer walks on a broad, flat avenue into the lake </li></ul><ul><li>Desolate area of Great Salt Lake </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Surrounded Islands, Miami </li></ul><ul><li>Floating material suspended over water surface around 11 islands near Miami </li></ul><ul><li>Bright pink material in contrast with the cool greens and blues of the water and the island </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary works extensively photographed and documented </li></ul><ul><li>6.5 million square feet of pink woven polypropylene fabric covering the surface of the water, floating and extending out 200 feet from each island into the bay </li></ul>1983
  3. 4. Earth Art <ul><li>Serra, Tilted Arc </li></ul><ul><li>12’ high and 120’ long </li></ul><ul><li>Tilted and curved steel arc bisecting a plaza before a government building </li></ul><ul><li>Erected 1981, but many claimed it inhibited access to the building </li></ul><ul><li>Removed in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Serra claimed it was built with this site in mind and to move it would be to destroy it </li></ul><ul><li>Meant work to be noticed, even intrusive, but also to match the environment </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Serra, Tilted Arc </li></ul><ul><li>12’ high and 120’ long </li></ul><ul><li>Tilted and curved steel arc bisecting a plaza before a government building </li></ul><ul><li>Erected 1981, but many claimed it inhibited access to the building </li></ul><ul><li>Removed in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Serra claimed it was built with this site in mind and to move it would be to destroy it </li></ul><ul><li>Meant work to be noticed, even intrusive, but also to match the environment </li></ul>
  5. 6. Modern Architecture <ul><li>Utzon, Sydney Opera House, Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely difficult site in the middle of Sydney harbor surrounded by water on three sides, with only one access road </li></ul><ul><li>Actually three buildings, the Opera House is the second building; the others are the larger concert hall and the restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Independently woven cone shapes imitate soaring sails of boats in harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings set on large flat platform </li></ul><ul><li>Each arch is held down at base and fans upwards </li></ul><ul><li>Spaces between arches filled with glass to provide insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Theaters in reverse: the back of the stage faces land, the front faces the harbor: people enjoy the harbor during intermission </li></ul>
  6. 7. Modern Architecture <ul><li>Eero Saarinen, Trans World Airlines Terminal, Queens, New York (1956 – 63) </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as a transition to the act of flying </li></ul><ul><li>Building seems to be a giant bird about to land </li></ul><ul><li>Sweeping use of concrete with big curving lines on interior and exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Large windows contribute to feeling of light and airiness </li></ul><ul><li>Y-shaped piers sustain building </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptural sense in the creation of the work </li></ul>
  7. 9. Modern Architecture <ul><li>Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York </li></ul><ul><li>“ Less is more” </li></ul><ul><li>International Style </li></ul><ul><li>Tall lines push upward accentuating verticality </li></ul><ul><li>Building set back on the plaza with symmetrical piers </li></ul><ul><li>Opaque windows set behind vertical lines in a warm, amber tone </li></ul><ul><li>Flanking fountains and pools are also strictly geometric in design </li></ul>
  8. 10. Modern Architecture <ul><li>Rogers and Piano, Pompidou Center, Paris </li></ul><ul><li>1972 - 76 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural extension of Bauhaus formula of skeletal construction </li></ul><ul><li>Only the skeleton is seen, walls recessed </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of building are color-coded: red for elevators and escalators, yellow for electric service, blue for air conditioning and ventilation and green for water service </li></ul>
  9. 12. Modern Architecture <ul><li>Frank Gehry, Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Twisting, soaring metallic forms </li></ul><ul><li>Overlapping arcs sweep across the façade </li></ul><ul><li>Curving elements define space </li></ul><ul><li>Round spaces have swirling effect on the interior </li></ul><ul><li>Shows effect of using a computer on constructing buildings </li></ul>
  10. 13. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao , by Frank Gehry , at Bilbao, Spain, 1997.
  11. 14. Feminism <ul><li>Feminism is one aspect of the 1970s feminist movement that took center stage in American life </li></ul><ul><li>Judy Chicago, Dinner Party </li></ul><ul><li>Installation celebrating the achievements of famous women </li></ul><ul><li>Triangular table where dinner is prepared for 39 women in 3 groups of 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Each has a table setting with a cup, flatware and a uniquely designed plate which illustrates the guest’s achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Installation raised on a platform containing 999 other names </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal elements strongly expressed </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #35 </li></ul><ul><li>Poses herself in 69 scenes of black and white prints </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to understand the male fascination with the female form as seen in the movies and in popular culture in general </li></ul><ul><li>Since Sherman's characters in the Untitled Film Stills are not specified, the viewer is free to construct his or her own narratives for these women </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman encourages our participation by suggesting, through the deliberate nature of her poses, that she is the object of someone's gaze </li></ul><ul><li>Film stills are not isolated frames from movies but rather reenactments that are used to advertise a film </li></ul>
  13. 18. Feminism <ul><li>Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Your Gaze Hits the Side of My Face) 1981 - 83 </li></ul><ul><li>Ready-made photograph </li></ul><ul><li>Female bust of a classical face </li></ul><ul><li>Words run vertically down left hand side in alternating black and white boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Print is black on white shadowed boxes alternating with white print on black boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of portrayal of women in print media </li></ul>
  14. 20. Postmodernism <ul><li>Robert Arneson, California Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Self-portrait in a ceramic sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Artist enshrined on a mock-pedestal, answering back critics of his work </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestal overgrown with weeds, flaked plaster reveals simulated marble base that is really a covering for common brick </li></ul><ul><li>Smart, smug, hip artist knowingly confronts his critics </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype of a Californian: pedestal has the artist’s signature bricks, a marijuana plant, an empty wine bottle, a drawing of a Buddha and an etched graffito &quot;No Nukes&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Depicting himself as a typical California hippie, Arneson is dressed in a denim jacket with no shirt, arms crossed defiantly in front of him, wearing dark glasses. </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Jeff Koons, Pink Panther, 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Porcelain figure that glorifies mass culture </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of Pop Art </li></ul><ul><li>Koons advocates materialism and sexual bliss </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Banality series which consists of gigantic tchotchkes executed in polychromed wood and porcelain of which Pink Panther is a prime example </li></ul><ul><li>Mating of actress Jayne Mansfield and a cartoon character in Pink Panther is an ironic statement of heterosexual pleasure and celebrity romance </li></ul><ul><li>The passing and the ephemeral have no place in Koons’ art, so he makes indestructible totems to things that never lived and so cannot perish </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>Guerrilla Girls, The Advantages of Being a Woman Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous artists who seek to promote women’s issues in art </li></ul><ul><li>Satiric listing of “advantages” </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges political, social and institutional biases against women </li></ul>
  17. 23. Video Art <ul><li>Nam June Paik, Video Still from Global Groove </li></ul><ul><li>Video art </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast in 1974 on television in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Paik’s multifaceted Global Groove became one of the most influential and legendary examples of video art </li></ul><ul><li>Global Groove integrates and unites diverse elements — films and videotapes by other artists, interviews and voiceovers (including appearances by Allen Ginsberg and John Cage), pop music (such as “Devil with a Blue Dress On” by Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels), appropriated commercials and broadcast fragments — in a series of short segments driven by a rapid, energetic pace and comprehensive image processing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>