Test studyslides111

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Test studyslides111

  1. 1. AP Art History<br />Test Study Slides: Mesopotamian thru Roman Art<br />
  2. 2. Assyrian Art<br />Lamassu<br />Guardian figure protects entrances into palaces<br />Combination man and animals<br />Winged, hoofed<br />Has five legs: two if you look from the front, four as you look from the side<br />
  3. 3. Mycerinus(Menkare)<br />C 2500 BCE<br />flanked by the goddess Hathor (left) and a nome goddess Bat (right). Basalt statue<br />
  4. 4. Seated Scribe<br />discovered at Saqqara in 1850 and dated to the period of the 4th Dynasty, 2620-2500 BCE<br />
  5. 5. Step Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara<br />c. 2650 BCE<br />
  6. 6. Hippopotamus Hunt, Mastaba of Ti, Saqqara, Dynasty V. Painted relief on limestone. 4' high.<br />
  7. 7. Akhenaten<br />c. 1360 BCE<br />
  8. 8. Queen Tiye<br />Ca. 1353 – 1335 BCE<br />
  9. 9. Bull Leaping<br />c. 1550 – 1450 BCE<br />
  10. 10. Funerary Stele of Hegeso<br />c. 410 – 400 BCE<br />
  11. 11. Greek Archaic Art<br />Calf-Bearer<br />Bearded<br />Left foot forward<br />Thin coat<br />Rhobos the Calf-Bearer who brings offerings to Athena as thanks for his prosperity<br />Archaic smile<br />
  12. 12. Kritios Boy<br />c. 480 BCE<br />
  13. 13. Riace Warriors<br />c. 460 BCE<br />
  14. 14. Nike of Samothrace<br />c. 190 BCE<br />
  15. 15. Nike Adjusting Her Sandal<br />c. 410 – 407 BCE<br />
  16. 16. Late Classical Art 4th Century BC<br />Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos<br />First nude woman in Greek art<br />Very popular in its own time, people came from far and wide to see it<br />Placed in a round temple surrounded by columns: effect of sneaking a peek at her<br />Not openly erotic<br />Female sexual power suggested <br />Genitals lacking<br />Steps into a bath<br />One side of her has an open form, the other closed<br />S curve<br />Gentle dreamy quality<br />
  17. 17. Roman Early Imperial Art<br />Pont du Gard, Nîmes<br />Bridge and aqueduct<br />Largest arch spans 82 feet<br />Each person in Nîmes could count on 100 gallons of water a day<br />Rough stones left exposed to allow for repair work<br />Ashlar masonry<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Flavian Amphitheatre, 80 CE<br />
  20. 20. Wall Paintings from Pompeii <br />ca. 70 – 79 BCE<br />
  21. 21. Garden Room, late 1st century BCE 3rd Pompeian Style<br />
  22. 22. Dionysiac Mystery Frieze<br /><ul><li>Fresco, Foreshortening
  23. 23. 2nd Pompeian Style painting
  24. 24. Large figures in a frieze-like format
  25. 25. Initiation rites into the female cult of Dionysos
  26. 26. Figures act out mystery rites
  27. 27. Painted marble panels at bottom, from the First Pompeian style of painting
  28. 28. Bright Pompeian red background pushes figures forward
  29. 29. No linear perspective, but three dimensional illusionism
  30. 30. Figures interact with each other on adjacent wall spaces</li></ul>Villa of the Mysteries, 2nd Pompeian Style painting<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Atrium, House of the Silver wedding<br />
  33. 33. Ixion Room<br /><ul><li>Fresco, linear perspective, atmospheric perspective
  34. 34. Foreshortening
  35. 35. Ixion murdered his father-in-law and planned to seduce Hera
  36. 36. Zeus struck him with a thunderbolt and ordered him to be tied to a wheel in hell
  37. 37. Scheme of red and white fields
  38. 38. On bottom painted to resemble marble slabs
  39. 39. On top, architectural vistas that do not align to a single viewpoint
  40. 40. Thin delicate motifs alternate with framed mythological scenes</li></li></ul><li>Head of a Roman Patrician<br /><ul><li>Bust
  41. 41. Severe, unwavering, resolute
  42. 42. Knowledgeable, respected
  43. 43. Romans felt the head was a good enough representation of a person
  44. 44. Traditional family values
  45. 45. Influenced by Hellenistic Greek art
  46. 46. Shows the virtues of old age
  47. 47. Was old age enhanced on the figure?</li></ul>Rome, c. 80 B.C.<br />
  48. 48. Roman Late Imperial Art<br />Head of Constantine<br />8 ½ foot head<br /> Part of a seated statue that must have been 30 feet<br />Enthroned in the Basilica of Constantine<br />Metal crown was attached to brow<br />Enlarged and detailed carving of eyes<br />Lack of individuality<br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Ara Pacis c. 13 – 19 BCE<br />
  51. 51. Ara Pacis and Procession of the Imperial Family<br /><ul><li>Altar of Peace
  52. 52. Delicately carved acanthus leaf patterns on the exterior
  53. 53. Altar connected with Augustus’ homecoming after a long absence
  54. 54. Romans appear as a ruling class, not as gods
  55. 55. Actual identifiable Romans depicted
  56. 56. Children are depicted as children, not shown as small adults
  57. 57. Crowding of figures in processional, not classically dispersed
  58. 58. Augustus passed laws to promote family values</li></ul>Tellus Relief <br /><ul><li>Mother Earth suckles her children
  59. 59. Personifications of earth, wind, fire and water rest at peace around her
  60. 60. Roman peace brings bounty to all</li>

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