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Basic Computer and Internet Access <ul><li>Basic Computer Terminologies </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Terminologies </li></ul...
Basic Computer Terminologies Application/Software Bit/Bytes/KB/MB/GB Backup Boot Bug Clipboard Computer Crash Database Def...
Computer <ul><li>General purpose machine, commonly consisting of digital circuitry, that accepts (inputs), stores, manipul...
Typical computer hardware
Interface <ul><li>The  point of interaction  or communication between a computer and any other entity, such as a printer o...
<ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>A program in which you do your work.  </li></ul><ul><li>Must be stored (installed) i...
<ul><li>Computer Measurement  </li></ul><ul><li>Bit is the smallest piece of information used by the computer. Bit is comp...
<ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>a letter, number, punctuation mark, or other symbol or control code that is represente...
<ul><li>Bug </li></ul><ul><li>A programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way.  </li></ul>D po ak...
<ul><li>Clipboard </li></ul><ul><li>A portion of memory where the information are stored temporarily.  </li></ul><ul><li>I...
<ul><li>Crash </li></ul><ul><li>A system malfunction in which the computer stops working and has to be restarted. </li></u...
<ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><li>An electronic list of information that can be sorted and/or searched. </li></ul>Record ...
<ul><li>Defragment </li></ul><ul><li>(also optimize) to concatenate fragments of data into contiguous blocks in memory or ...
<ul><li>Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>The shaded or colored backdrop of the screen  </li></ul>When you start your computer, th...
<ul><li>Driver </li></ul><ul><li>A file on a computer which tells how to communicate with an add-on piece of equipment (li...
<ul><li>File – the generic word for a document or other computer data. </li></ul><ul><li>Folder </li></ul><ul><li>An elect...
<ul><li>Hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>A large capacity  storage device  made of multiple disks housed in a rigid case.  </l...
<ul><li>Icon </li></ul><ul><li>A graphic symbol for an application, command, file or folder. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>In printing from a computer, to print sideways on the page </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast ...
<ul><li>Memory (RAM) </li></ul><ul><li>The temporary holding area where data is stored while it is being used or changed/m...
<ul><li>Menu </li></ul><ul><li>A list of program commands listed by topic </li></ul><ul><li>example </li></ul>
<ul><li>Multi Tasking </li></ul><ul><li>Running more than one application in memory at the same time.  </li></ul>Ang compu...
<ul><li>Operating System (OS) </li></ul><ul><li>The most important program that runs on a computer.  </li></ul><ul><li>Eve...
<ul><li>The major functions of a typical OS are to:  </li></ul><ul><li>load application programs for execution  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Paste </li></ul><ul><li>To insert Text, or other material, from the clipboard or copy buffer. </li></ul>“ Cut” and...
<ul><li>Pop-up menu </li></ul><ul><li>Any menu that does not appear at the top of the screen in the menu bar (may pop up o...
<ul><li>Port </li></ul><ul><li>A connection socket, or jack on the computer hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are (USB p...
<ul><li>ROM (Read Only Memory) </li></ul><ul><li>Memory that can only be read from and not written to. </li></ul><ul><li>F...
<ul><li>Root Directory </li></ul><ul><li>The main hard drive where data are stored </li></ul><ul><li>Example (D:presentati...
<ul><li>Save </li></ul><ul><li>To write a file onto a disk </li></ul><ul><li>You can not used the “save” option in saving ...
<ul><li>a computer program usually hidden in an existing program.  Once the existing program is executed, the virus progra...
<ul><li>How Do Computer Viruses Spread?  </li></ul><ul><li>Computer viruses usually spread in many ways: </li></ul><ul><ul...
(some) Internet Terminologies URL address Tips in Searching the Internet Bandwidth Broadband Blog Browser Download/Upload ...
<ul><li>Internet - A global network of thousands of computer networks linked by data lines and wireless systems.    </li><...
<ul><li>All computers on the Internet communicate with one another using the  TCP/IP . Computers on the Internet use a  cl...
TCP/IP is the backbone of the Internet and its composite LANs and WANs due to it's ability to switch  packets  from comput...
Components of the Internet  <ul><li>WWWW (World Wide Web) </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>FTP (File Transfer Pr...
<ul><li>The World Wide Web is a system of Internet servers that supports hypertext to access several Internet protocols on...
<ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic mail, or e-mail, allows computer users locally and worldwide to exchange messa...
<ul><li>Chat & Instant Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Chat programs allow users on the Internet to communicate with each othe...
<ul><li>FTP  stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is both a program and the method used to transfer files between compu...
HTML - A type of text code in Hypertext Markup Language which, when embedded in a document, allows that document to be rea...
<ul><li>URL - A universal/uniform resource locator (a computer address) that identifies the location and type of resource ...
Anatomy of a URL  Format of the URL: protocol://host/path/filename  For example, this is a URL on the Web site of the US h...
A name that identifies the Internet Protocol address. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular  Web pages .  F...
Bandwidth  – The capacity of an electronic line, such as a communications network or computer channel, to transmit bits pe...
<ul><li>Blog - is any information that is instantly published to a Web site of a blogger. </li></ul><ul><li>Blog scripting...
Broadband, formed from the words broad and bandwidth, pertains to data carriers that have significantly wider bandwidth th...
<ul><li>Available software programs are Internet Explorer, Firefox , Netscape, Mozilla and Opera. These browsers are avail...
<ul><li>Download </li></ul><ul><li>To transfer data from one compute to another. (receiving end)  </li></ul><ul><li>Upload...
Portal - A Web site &quot;gateway&quot; that provides multiple services, which could include Web searching capability, new...
Search Engine - specialized software that lets WWW browser users search for information on the Web by using keywords and p...
Home page - Generally the first page retrieved when accessing a Web site. Usually a &quot;home&quot; page acts as the star...
Modem, short for modulator-demodulator is an electronic device that converts a  computer ’s digital signals into specific ...
DSL  Digital Subscriber Line is a technology that puts high-speed digital on standard two-conductor voice-grade telephone ...
<ul><li>HyperText  </li></ul><ul><li>is a document containing words that connect to other documents. These words are calle...
<ul><li>Use search engines; choose very specific keywords, e.g.,  Honda  rather than  cars .  </li></ul><ul><li>Go directl...
<ul><li>Don’t just stick to one link/website.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is a self-publishing medium. This means ...
 
<ul><li>Surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Examining online material, such as databases, news clips and forums to find some item of...
<ul><li>Background history -The Internet, originally the ARPAnet (Advanced Research Projects Agency network), began as a m...
HTTP  HyperText Transfer Protocol , the underlying  protocol  used by the  World Wide Web . HTTP defines how messages are ...
A website/web site is a collection of web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more  web...
Managing your file using the Windows Explorer
<ul><li>What is Windows Explorer? </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Explorer offers you a fast, easy way to view, copy, delete, mo...
<ul><li>How to open Windows Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>For Windows 95, 98 and ME: </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Windows Star...
<ul><li>For organizational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Everything on your computer is reduced or segmented into very specif...
If you open a file not related to each program, it will open a coded symbol.   <ul><li>Each individual document or spreads...
 
Note in saving your file: <ul><li>First, your data is very likely to be growing in size while Windows is not. In this era ...
File allocation table in a disk drive
<ul><li>It is strongly recommended that you save your file/s in drive D: </li></ul>Front seat occupy by the most important...
<ul><li>Always back-up your file. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Backup involves the storing of files from your computer in anothe...
References: http://webinstituteforteachers.org/2000/curriculum/homeroommodules/compBasics/CBTerminology.htm http://www.rig...
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Basic computer and_intenet_terminologies

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basic computer and internet terminologies

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Basic computer and_intenet_terminologies

  1. 1. Basic Computer and Internet Access <ul><li>Basic Computer Terminologies </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Terminologies </li></ul>Bago po taU Mag-hands on, eh, Basic Terminologies muna para maintindihan na10 kung ano ang ibig sabihin ng bawat isa.. Pagkatapos ng topiko ay Question and Answer…
  2. 2. Basic Computer Terminologies Application/Software Bit/Bytes/KB/MB/GB Backup Boot Bug Clipboard Computer Crash Database Defragment Desktop Driver/Installer File/Folder Storage Device Icon Interface Landscape/Portrait Memory (RAM) Menu Multi-tasking Operating System Paste Pop-up menu Port ROM Root Directory Save/Save As Virus Internet Terminology Ganun pala ang ibig sabihin ng…
  3. 3. Computer <ul><li>General purpose machine, commonly consisting of digital circuitry, that accepts (inputs), stores, manipulates, and generates (outputs) data as numbers, text, graphics, voice, video files, or electrical signals, in accordance with instructions called a program. </li></ul><ul><li>A computer is made up of four essential parts: the system unit, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. It would be very hard, if not impossible, to operate the computer if one of these were missing. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Typical computer hardware
  5. 5. Interface <ul><li>The point of interaction or communication between a computer and any other entity, such as a printer or human operator. </li></ul><ul><li>The layout of an application's graphic or textual controls in conjunction with the way the application responds to user activity </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>A program in which you do your work. </li></ul><ul><li>Must be stored (installed) in the computer before user can use it. </li></ul>Binili kitang computer ka para akoy makapaglaro, eh, kailangan palang bilhin ang mga un!@*&^ akala ko ready to use kang computer ka… software is a general term used to describe a collection of computer programs that perform some tasks on a computer. Examples are Word Processors (report/manuscript generation) , Excel (number manipulation, auditing and accounting), PowerPoint (presentation). Software also includes websites and video games. Aba sympre, machine lang ako at malay ko sa yo kung anong trabaho ang kailangan mo sa akin, gusto mong maglaro? Manood ng Sene, Magtype? Eh, bumili ka ng mga installer
  7. 7. <ul><li>Computer Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Bit is the smallest piece of information used by the computer. Bit is composed of 1 or 0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bit = one binary digit (1 or 0) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 bits = 1 byte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx 1000 B = 1 kilobyte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx 1000 KByte = 1 MB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx 1000 MByte = 1 GB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx 1000 GByte = 1 TB </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It takes 1 byte to store one character </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>a letter, number, punctuation mark, or other symbol or control code that is represented, to a computer, by one unit -1 byte - of information. </li></ul><ul><li>A character is not necessarily visible on the computer; i.e. a space, a, A, ñ, Ñ, 0, 1, 9, . (period), comma), and enter key, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Bug </li></ul><ul><li>A programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way. </li></ul>D po ako ung bug na sinasabi, he he he
  10. 10. <ul><li>Clipboard </li></ul><ul><li>A portion of memory where the information are stored temporarily. </li></ul><ul><li>It is called a copy buffer in many PC application because it is used to hold information which is to be moved, as in word processing where text is “cut” and then “ paste d.” </li></ul>Ngiii! Dapat di ko na cut ang buong paragraph… di ko na maalala ang naitype ko noon. Naku magtype ako uli… Don’t worry, tingnan mo lang sa Clipboard ang nacut mong paragraph at i-paste mo lang kung saan mo gusto, he he he
  11. 11. <ul><li>Crash </li></ul><ul><li>A system malfunction in which the computer stops working and has to be restarted. </li></ul>Bakit ayaw mong mag-on…Start ka na please!!! D kita type kaya ayaw ko…
  12. 12. <ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><li>An electronic list of information that can be sorted and/or searched. </li></ul>Record 1 Record 2 Record 3, etc… Name: Juan dela Cruz Age: 25 Sex : Male Civil Status: Single Address: Quezon City, Phil. Office: ATI-CO Eligibility: 89 Date of appointment: 4/5/2000 No. of Years in Gov’t: 6 Trainings attended: 1. Data Management 2. Enterprise Development 3. PMES for LGU Coop 4. etc………. Name: Juan dela Cruz Age: 25 Sex : Male Civil Status: Single Address: Quezon City, Phil. Office: ATI-CO Eligibility: 89 Date of appointment: 4/5/2000 No. of Years in Gov’t: 6 Trainings attended: 1. Data Management 2. Enterprise Development 3. PMES for LGU Coop 4. etc………. Name: Juan dela Cruz Age: 25 Sex : Male Civil Status: Single Address: Quezon City, Phil. Office: ATI-CO Eligibility: 89 Date of appointment: 4/5/2000 No. of Years in Gov’t: 6 Trainings attended: 1. Data Management 2. Enterprise Development 3. PMES for LGU Coop 4. etc………. Name: Juan dela Cruz Age: 25 Sex : Male Civil Status: Single Address: Quezon City, Phil. Office: ATI-CO Eligibility: 89 Date of appointment: 4/5/2000 No. of Years in Gov’t: 6 Trainings attended: 1. Data Management 2. Enterprise Development 3. PMES for LGU Coop 4. etc………. Name: JR dela Cruz Age: 25 Sex : Male Civil Status: Single Address: Quezon City, Phil. Office: ATI-CO Eligibility: 89 Date of appointment: 4/5/2000 No. of Years in Gov’t: 6 Trainings attended: 1. Data Management 2. Enterprise Development 3. PMES for LGU Coop 4. etc………. Electronic listing of a database Example of a merge database using the MS Word Program NAME AGE SEX CS ADDRESS ETC. JR dela Cruz 25 M Single Quezon City JM dela Cruz 27 F Married Dsfasdfdas JJ dela Cruz 50 M Married Dsfdsafads Etc… 34 Dsafadsf
  13. 13. <ul><li>Defragment </li></ul><ul><li>(also optimize) to concatenate fragments of data into contiguous blocks in memory or on a hard drive. </li></ul>Defragmenting your computer files could add up to your computer speed, kung mabagal pa rin po ang speed ng inyong computer pagkatapos na nadefrag nyo eh, baka may virus…
  14. 14. <ul><li>Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>The shaded or colored backdrop of the screen </li></ul>When you start your computer, the first thing you see is the desktop. The desktop is your work/display area. Saan kaya d2 ang desktop, computer screen naman itong nakikita ko Saving your files in the desktop will put more load in the computers memory thereby making it more slower in processing.
  15. 15. <ul><li>Driver </li></ul><ul><li>A file on a computer which tells how to communicate with an add-on piece of equipment (like a printer) </li></ul>I know you are a printer and I know you are connected to me but I can’t send any signal to you.. Do you have any interpreter?... Printer Driver/Installer <ul><li>Installer </li></ul><ul><li>Software used to install a program on your hard drive </li></ul>Ako ba yong sinasabing driver?, he he he
  16. 16. <ul><li>File – the generic word for a document or other computer data. </li></ul><ul><li>Folder </li></ul><ul><li>An electronic subdirectory which contains files. </li></ul>Saan ko ba naisave ung file ko, di ko na mahanapan Managing Files in your computer using the Windows Explorer
  17. 17. <ul><li>Hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>A large capacity storage device made of multiple disks housed in a rigid case. </li></ul>Hard Disk Storage Devices – are hardware devices which are used for storing electronic files/programs. Flash Disk Diskette/CD
  18. 18. <ul><li>Icon </li></ul><ul><li>A graphic symbol for an application, command, file or folder. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>In printing from a computer, to print sideways on the page </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast with portrait </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Memory (RAM) </li></ul><ul><li>The temporary holding area where data is stored while it is being used or changed/modified/edited </li></ul><ul><li>The capacity of a computer to hold information. The higher the capacity (memory) the more information it can hold. </li></ul>Kung may memorya ang tao, ako rin meron, nye he he. Usually 64MB-1GB ang sukat ng mga comptuer memory Today’s cellphones are equipped with memory Wow! Computer na 5,000 lang, bka mababa ang memory capacity kaya mura.
  21. 21. <ul><li>Menu </li></ul><ul><li>A list of program commands listed by topic </li></ul><ul><li>example </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Multi Tasking </li></ul><ul><li>Running more than one application in memory at the same time. </li></ul>Ang computer po ngaUn ay mga multi-tasking machines, pwde kang magtype at makinig ng music o kaya manood ng seni ng sabay..
  23. 23. <ul><li>Operating System (OS) </li></ul><ul><li>The most important program that runs on a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Every PC must have an operating system to run/load other programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most widely used OS are: </li></ul>Windows 95, Windows 97, Windows 98, Millennium Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows Vista Kailangan ko po ng OS muna bago nyo ako gamitin. Bakit kaya ayaw nitong computer ko, kabibili ko lang ito, ah… Other OS are Linux, Apple
  24. 24. <ul><li>The major functions of a typical OS are to: </li></ul><ul><li>load application programs for execution </li></ul><ul><li>provide services, e.g. I/O, in the form of functions which the application programs can call </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates hardware operations </li></ul><ul><li>maintain the file system </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Paste </li></ul><ul><li>To insert Text, or other material, from the clipboard or copy buffer. </li></ul>“ Cut” and “Paste” is very useful in the option where the user wants to re-arrange his sentences, paragraphs, Tables, charts, pictures, etc. in his work area replacing the “drag and drop” option where scrolling is not the convenience of the user. Cut sentence/s or paragraph/s are automatically place in the clipboard. Mas madali sa akin ang “cut and paste” kc ang “drag and drop” ay nakakalito pag nag-scroll ako Show Example
  26. 26. <ul><li>Pop-up menu </li></ul><ul><li>Any menu that does not appear at the top of the screen in the menu bar (may pop up or down) </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Port </li></ul><ul><li>A connection socket, or jack on the computer hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are (USB port, serial port, parallel port) </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>ROM (Read Only Memory) </li></ul><ul><li>Memory that can only be read from and not written to. </li></ul><ul><li>Files stored in CDs are Read by the computer as read only </li></ul>You can’t save on me unless you burn me with a laser gun, he he. Bakit ayaw mag-save. Bakit read only kc.. Anong gagawin ko…. “ Save as” ang gamitin mo dahil binasa ko lang yan “Read only” nga eh..
  29. 29. <ul><li>Root Directory </li></ul><ul><li>The main hard drive where data are stored </li></ul><ul><li>Example (D:presentationpresentation 2007<file> </li></ul>Presentations Presentation 2007 Presentation 2006
  30. 30. <ul><li>Save </li></ul><ul><li>To write a file onto a disk </li></ul><ul><li>You can not used the “save” option in saving a file that are opened as Read only </li></ul><ul><li>Save As </li></ul><ul><li>An option to save a previously saved file in a new location and/or new name </li></ul>More Notes on saving
  31. 31. <ul><li>a computer program usually hidden in an existing program.  Once the existing program is executed, the virus program is activated and can attach itself to other programs or files. </li></ul><ul><li>Viruses can range from benign activities such as attaching a harmless message to performing malicious activities such as destroying all the data on a computer hard drive. </li></ul>Virus <ul><li>Viruses are commonly distributed as e-mail attachments which activate when the attachment is opened. </li></ul><ul><li>Virus protection software, updated regularly with the latest virus definitions, can help protect computers from viruses. </li></ul>Bakit ayaw maalis ang virus nyo, eh, kadadownload ko lang last week ang anti virus na nainstall sa yo ah, Ngik, lask week po pala kaU ngdwnload ng anti virus, eh, bagong virus lang po ang napunta sa akin ngaUn. Kailangan mag-update po kaU ng antivirus. Kung ayaw nyong ma-Virus ako eh, siguraduhin mo na malinis ang disk na isaksak mo sa akin..…
  32. 32. <ul><li>How Do Computer Viruses Spread? </li></ul><ul><li>Computer viruses usually spread in many ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from removable media; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from downloads off the Internet; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from e-mail attachments. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virus is accord to the hacker who make this virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Some virus can be infected to your computer immediately when you visit a website. But some is harmless until you click on file that infected with it. </li></ul>Bakit napakabagal basahin itong file ko. Kahapon ay ayos naman ito ah! Baka po virus
  33. 33. (some) Internet Terminologies URL address Tips in Searching the Internet Bandwidth Broadband Blog Browser Download/Upload Homepage URL Address Internet DSL Portal Search Engine HyperText To yahoo interface Surfing
  34. 34. <ul><li>Internet - A global network of thousands of computer networks linked by data lines and wireless systems.  </li></ul>Kaya pag internet ang pinag-uusapan, kailangan naka-connect ang computer sa network. No connection, no internet.. In short, the internet is a network of networks. Visualization of the various routes through a portion of the Internet (from Wikipedia)
  35. 35. <ul><li>All computers on the Internet communicate with one another using the TCP/IP . Computers on the Internet use a client/server architecture. </li></ul>In short, ang internet ay may centralized file siya sa sulok ng mundo kung saan doon nanggagaling ang mga files na ating dinadownload.  This means that the remote server machine provides files and services to the user's local client machine. Software can be installed on a client computer to take advantage of the latest access technology.
  36. 36. TCP/IP is the backbone of the Internet and its composite LANs and WANs due to it's ability to switch packets from computer systems on any network to another network, regardless of network peculiarities, operating system differences and other packet differences.   TCP/IP stands for Transport Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. <ul><li>IP - The Internet Protocol is a network layer protocol that moves data between host computers. </li></ul><ul><li>TCP - The Transport Control Protocol is a transport layer protocol that moves multiple packet data between applications. </li></ul>Packets are the basic units of communication over a network. Devices on a network divide data into small pieces, allowing the network to accommodate various bandwidths, to allow for multiple routes to a destination, and to retransmit the pieces of data which are interrupted or lost.
  37. 37. Components of the Internet <ul><li>WWWW (World Wide Web) </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>FTP (File Transfer Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>Chat/Instant Messaging </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>The World Wide Web is a system of Internet servers that supports hypertext to access several Internet protocols on a single interface. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Wide Web has its own protocol: HyperText Transfer Protocol, or HTTP. </li></ul><ul><li>The operation of the Web relies primarily on hypertext as its means of information retrieval. </li></ul>Wide World Web (WWW) - A hypermedia information storage system which links computer-based resources around the world. Computer programs called Browsers enable words or icons called hyperlinks to display, text, video, graphics and sound on a computer screen. The source of the material is at a different location - a different file in the same directory, a file in another computer, which can be located anywhere in the world. Hypermedia – an extension to hypertext that supports linking graphics, sounds and video in addition to text elements.
  39. 39. <ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic mail, or e-mail, allows computer users locally and worldwide to exchange messages. Each user of e-mail has a mailbox address to which messages are sent. Messages sent through e-mail can arrive within a matter of seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful aspect of e-mail is the option to send electronic files to a person's e-mail address. (e.g. A document created in Microsoft Word can be attached to an e-mail message and retrieved by the recipient with the appropriate e-mail program. </li></ul>Kahit internet user ka kung wala kang e-mail address d ka pwding makareceive ng e-mail
  40. 40. <ul><li>Chat & Instant Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Chat programs allow users on the Internet to communicate with each other by typing in real time. </li></ul><ul><li>A variation of chat is the instant messaging . </li></ul><ul><li>With instant messaging, a user on the Web can contact another user currently logged in and type a conversation. </li></ul>Instant Messaging (IM) - a text-based computer conference over the Internet between two or more people who must be online at the same time. When you send an IM the receiver is instantly notified that she/he has a message. YM is the most popular IM vehicle of yahoo!
  41. 41. <ul><li>FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is both a program and the method used to transfer files between computers. </li></ul><ul><li>FTP transfers can be performed on the World Wide Web without the need for special software. In this case, the Web browser will suffice. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever you download software from a Web site to your local machine, you are using FTP. </li></ul>Because of FTP, pwede tayong makadownload ng kahit na anong document sa pamamagitan ng internet
  42. 42. HTML - A type of text code in Hypertext Markup Language which, when embedded in a document, allows that document to be read and distributed across the Internet.  Producing hypertext for the Web is accomplished by creating documents with a language called HyperText Markup Language, or HTML. HTTP - The hypertext transfer protocol (http) that enables html documents to be read on the Internet. Para maging hypertext at maiangkop sa nga alituntunin ng internet ang isang document, kailangan po ang lenguaheng HTML at para makita ito kailangan magsimula sa http..
  43. 43. <ul><li>URL - A universal/uniform resource locator (a computer address) that identifies the location and type of resource on the Web. A URL generally starts with “http.“ </li></ul><ul><li>The URL specifies the Internet address of a file stored on a host computer connected to the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Every file on the Internet, no matter what its access protocol, has a unique URL. Web browsers use the URL to retrieve the file from the host computer and the specific directory in which it resides. </li></ul>THE URL and DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM Kung walang URL address ang isang companya or ano mang serbisyo, ibig sabihin wala kang makukuhang impormasyon sa kanila sa pamamagitan ng internet Kung alam nyo ang URL address ay pwde nyo itong itype sa address bar at presto mabubuksan ang webpage nito
  44. 44. Anatomy of a URL Format of the URL: protocol://host/path/filename For example, this is a URL on the Web site of the US house of representatives: http://www.house.gov/house/2004_House_Calendar.html This URL is typical of addresses hosted in the domains <ul><li>Structure of this URL: </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol: http </li></ul><ul><li>Host computer name: www </li></ul><ul><li>Second level domain name: house </li></ul><ul><li>Top-level domain name: gov </li></ul><ul><li>File Name: 2004_House_Calendar.html </li></ul>Ang URL address ang siyang nagsisilbing refeernce natin sa ating document kung gusto nating ilagay
  45. 45. A name that identifies the Internet Protocol address. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages . For example, in the URL http://www.pcwebopedia.com/index.html, the domain name is pcwebopedia.com. Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to. Domain name TLDs and two digit letter internet country codes If you have an “edu” at the end of your e-mail address that means your account is affiliated with an educational institution. A “com” extension means you have a business account or commercial. A government has a .gov suffix. A document on the World Wide Web, consisting of an HTML file and any related files for scripts and graphics, and often hyperlinked to other documents on the Web. TLD- refers to the suffix attached to internet domain names
  46. 46. Bandwidth – The capacity of an electronic line, such as a communications network or computer channel, to transmit bits per second (bps) The higher the bandwidth, the more faster it can display, retrieve or download files from the internet.. Moah, masarap mag-surf sa internet… mabilis kasi ang pagdownload….
  47. 47. <ul><li>Blog - is any information that is instantly published to a Web site of a blogger. </li></ul><ul><li>Blog scripting allows someone to automatically post information to a Web site. </li></ul><ul><li>The information first goes to a blogger Web site.  Then the information is automatically inserted into a template tailored for your Web site . You can create blogs if you have a Friendster account. </li></ul>Ang blog ay isang impormasyon na malayang pinapublish ng blogger sa kanyang website… pwede itong diary o ano mang kuro-kuro na kanyang gustong iambag sa kanyang website. A web site is a point of access to information and services set up by a particular person, organization, public body or company.
  48. 48. Broadband, formed from the words broad and bandwidth, pertains to data carriers that have significantly wider bandwidth than the ordinary dial-up access of home-users. A wider bandwidth translates to a faster Internet connection. Examples of a broadband connections are DSL and Cable Internet Having broadband is just like having a wider pipe to supply water to a household. Broadband allows Internet users to view Web pages more quickly, including multimedia files. Ordinarily, it takes several minutes for large images to be downloaded from the Internet using an ordinary dial-up. With broadband, a user will be able to download movies, audio and image archives. Users will be able to maximize video conferencing. They will also be able to make national and international phone calls using the Internet. back to terminologies.. Napakabagal mong magdownload, nagcoffee ako eh, d ka pa rin tapos…. Paano, dial-up connection lang po ako, hu hu hu…
  49. 49. <ul><li>Available software programs are Internet Explorer, Firefox , Netscape, Mozilla and Opera. These browsers are available for Windows, Apple, Linux and other operating systems. </li></ul><ul><li>You can install a graphical browser on your computer. For example, Internet Explorer is a part of the Windows operating system, and is also available on the Microsoft site: http://www.microsoft.com/ . Firefox is available for downloading from http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/ and Safari is available from http://www.apple.com/safari/ . </li></ul>Browser - A software program that allows users to access the Internet.  Browser ang unang software na ating i-launch para tayo’y mkpag-internet. Kung wala ang browser d taU mkpag-browse sa internet
  50. 50. <ul><li>Download </li></ul><ul><li>To transfer data from one compute to another. (receiving end) </li></ul><ul><li>Upload </li></ul><ul><li>To transfer data from your computer to the other through a network. (sender) </li></ul>
  51. 51. Portal - A Web site &quot;gateway&quot; that provides multiple services, which could include Web searching capability, news, free-email, discussion groups, online shopping, references and other services. A website considered as an entry point to other websites, often by being or providing access to a search engine.
  52. 52. Search Engine - specialized software that lets WWW browser users search for information on the Web by using keywords and phrases. Different search engines have different ways of categorizing and indexing information. Search engines are accessed by typing in the URL of that engine or using a browser's compilation of search engines in its Internet search function.  <ul><li>Google is a famous example of a search engine. A more complete list may be found on the page Internet Search Engines. </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo is one of the most popular sites on the Web. It is one of the Web's largest commercial portals. </li></ul>Example of a Search Engine
  53. 53. Home page - Generally the first page retrieved when accessing a Web site. Usually a &quot;home&quot; page acts as the starting point for a user to access information on the site. The &quot;home&quot; page usually has some type of table of contents for the rest of the site information or other materials. 
  54. 54. Modem, short for modulator-demodulator is an electronic device that converts a computer ’s digital signals into specific frequencies to travel over telephone or cable television lines. At the destination, the receiving modem demodulates the frequencies back into digital data. Computers use modems to communicate with one another over a network.
  55. 55. DSL Digital Subscriber Line is a technology that puts high-speed digital on standard two-conductor voice-grade telephone wiring. DSL service is often added to an existing telephone line. In DSL you are able to talk on the telephone and surf the Internet at the same time on the same phone line. DSL is an “always-on” connection, meaning that you have a continual link to the Internet.
  56. 56. <ul><li>HyperText </li></ul><ul><li>is a document containing words that connect to other documents. These words are called links and are selectable by the user. A single hypertext document can contain links to many documents. In the context of the Web, words or graphics may serve as links to other documents, images, video, and sound. </li></ul><ul><li>HyperMedia - is a term used for hypertext which is not constrained to be text: it can include graphics, video and sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext and HyperMedia are concepts, not products. </li></ul>example
  57. 57. <ul><li>Use search engines; choose very specific keywords, e.g., Honda rather than cars . </li></ul><ul><li>Go directly to a site if you have the address </li></ul><ul><li>Within one website, there is usually a search facility – use it wisely </li></ul><ul><li>For particular file search type , use a Web search engine that offers its particular services </li></ul><ul><li>If you need more information regarding a specific website, send an e-mail to the webmaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Most international organizations charge for the access of their data and publications. Some give them for free to government agencies – write to them! </li></ul><ul><li>Look for relevant links to other websites. </li></ul>Tips in Surfing/Searching/Researching through the Internet
  58. 58. <ul><li>Don’t just stick to one link/website. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is a self-publishing medium. This means that anyone with little or no technical skills and access to a host computer can publish on the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet sites change over time according to the commitment and inclination of the creator. Some sites demonstrate an expert's knowledge, while others are amateur efforts. Some may be updated daily, while others may be outdated. As with any information resource, it is important to evaluate what you find on the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also be aware that the addresses of Internet sites frequently change. Web sites can disappear altogether. Do not expect stability on the Internet </li></ul>End na po ng presentation. Pwd na pong mag-tanong or visit www.ask.com for your questions. Ready na po ang Coffee production through the internet To yahoo interface
  59. 60. <ul><li>Surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Examining online material, such as databases, news clips and forums to find some item of interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Web surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to jumping from page to page on the Web. Just as in &quot;TV channel surfing,&quot; where one clicks the remote to go from channel to channel, the hyperlinks on Web pages make it easy to jump from one page to another. </li></ul>Mag-surf nga ako kung ano ang latest news ngaUn sa internet… Surfing is synonymous to browsing
  60. 61. <ul><li>Background history -The Internet, originally the ARPAnet (Advanced Research Projects Agency network), began as a military computer network in 1969. Other government agencies and universities created internal networks based on the ARPAnet model. </li></ul><ul><li>The catalyst for the Internet today was provided by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Rather than have a physical communications connection from each institution to a supercomputing center, the NSF began a &quot;chain&quot; of connections in which institutions would be connected to their &quot;neighbor&quot; computing centers, which all tied into central supercomputing centers. </li></ul><ul><li>This beginning expanded to a global network of computer networks, which allows computers all over the world to communicate with one another and share information stored at various computer &quot;servers,&quot; either on a local computer or a computer located anywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is not governed by any official body, but there are organizations which work to make the Internet more accessible and useful. </li></ul>
  61. 62. HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol , the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web . HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands. For example, when you enter a URL in your browser, this actually sends an HTTP command to the Web server directing it to fetch and transmit the requested Web page . The other main standard that controls how the World Wide Web works is HTML , which covers how Web pages are formatted and displayed. HTTP is called a stateless protocol because each command is executed independently, without any knowledge of the commands that came before it. This is the main reason that it is difficult to implement Web sites that react intelligently to user input. This shortcoming of HTTP is being addressed in a number of new technologies, including ActiveX , Java , JavaScript and cookies .
  62. 63. A website/web site is a collection of web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML , that is almost always accessible via HTTP , a protocol that transfers information from the Web server to display in the user's Web browser .
  63. 64. Managing your file using the Windows Explorer
  64. 65. <ul><li>What is Windows Explorer? </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Explorer offers you a fast, easy way to view, copy, delete, move, etc., the folders and files found on all of your disk drives. Think of it as one really big filing cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Explorer application is different from Internet Explorer. Windows Explorer lets you manage files on your computer, while Internet Explorer allows you to connect to other computers via the World Wide Web. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually Windows Explorer is found under the Parent Directory Accessories </li></ul>
  65. 66. <ul><li>How to open Windows Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>For Windows 95, 98 and ME: </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Windows Start button, and then select the Programs button. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Windows Explorer. </li></ul><ul><li>For Windows 2000 and XP: </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Windows Start button, and then select the Programs button. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the Accessories button. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Windows Explorer. </li></ul>
  66. 67. <ul><li>For organizational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Everything on your computer is reduced or segmented into very specific parts and locations. Your PC also consists of drives which are further broken down into Hard Drive(s), CD-ROM drives, floppy drives, etc. Within each Drive, there are hundreds, and potentially thousands of Folders and Files. </li></ul><ul><li>A Folder is very similar to a folder in a file cabinet. Inside each of the Folders, there may very well be more sub-folders, or Files. Folders are a great way to keep you organized on different projects that you may be involved with. For example, you might have a Folder for all of your documents, and another for all of your spreadsheets. Furthermore, you may have sub-folders within these to keep those documents even more organized. </li></ul>What are Drives, Folders and Files?
  67. 68. If you open a file not related to each program, it will open a coded symbol. <ul><li>Each individual document or spreadsheet within is known as a File. Files are the items that you are able to view and to work on if desired. An example would be the images you download from your digital camera; or the Word document that you've created. </li></ul>Let’s do the practicum later…
  68. 70. Note in saving your file: <ul><li>First, your data is very likely to be growing in size while Windows is not. In this era of multi megapixel digital photos you are in real danger of filling up your C: drive. This progessively degrades Windows performance. Sooner or later you'll fill up the disk and have to make more space by deleting some of your personal files or get into the complex and problem- fraught exercise of increasing the size of your primary disk partition. </li></ul><ul><li>Second, it complicates backup. Your data is changing all the time while the Windows operating system changes much less frequently. That means your data needs to be backed up more frequently than Windows. With both on the same drive you'll end up making very large drive images and having to create them more frequently as well. Similar comments apply to disk defragmentation. Mixing your data with Windows increases the need for defragging and results in a slower defrag. </li></ul><ul><li>By default our saving folder is My Documents folder. Unfortunately, this folder is by default located on the C: drive, the same drive that contains the Windows operating system and the MS Office programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Storing these two things together on the same drive is not a great idea for two reasons. </li></ul>
  69. 71. File allocation table in a disk drive
  70. 72. <ul><li>It is strongly recommended that you save your file/s in drive D: </li></ul>Front seat occupy by the most important person (the driver and the helper) Rows of seats are to be occupied by the passengers and baggage area Drive D Drive C Files and folders for your data Occupied by the most important of your computer, the programs
  71. 73. <ul><li>Always back-up your file. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Backup involves the storing of files from your computer in another location. In this way, if there is ever any loss of data on your primary machine, you still have your data in backup in order to restore those files. In the world of computers loss of data can be devastating, and while there are possibilities for recovery of data after a disaster it is far easier to restore your files from backup than to attempt to find your data on a crashed hard drive. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do I Want to Backup My Data? </li></ul><ul><li>Data backup is easy to do and can save you great amounts of time as well as ensure that your data is secure in the case of disaster. Data recovery is a very difficult, time consuming and expensive process, and it is not even assured that you will be able to recover your data from a system crash. </li></ul><ul><li>What medium do I use to back up my file? </li></ul><ul><li>CD-R, CD-R/W and DVDs are available replacing the traditional floppy disk drives. Mobile disk is also available or more popularize as USB mobile disk or flash disk or flash drive. </li></ul>
  72. 74. References: http://webinstituteforteachers.org/2000/curriculum/homeroommodules/compBasics/CBTerminology.htm http://www.right-track.com/dictionary.htm http://www.buzzle.com/articles/basic-internet-terms-and-terminology.html http://mason.gmu.edu/~montecin/IDOweb-w.htm http://www.torontostarclassifieds.com/OLCSApp/class_help.jsp http://ftp.ics.uci.edu/pub/websoft/wwwstat/country-codes.txt http://www.mopo.ca/TLD-internet-country-codes.html http://www.fact-index.com/c/co/country_code.html www.microsoft.com www.wikipedia.com

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