Session 1: ICT & Meaningful Learning


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Introduction to the ICT course (July 2009 semester).

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  • MP I: Top-Down Approach by MOE in 1997 Infrastructure – Provision of school-wide networks, and computers for pupils and laptops for teachers Teacher Preparation – Basic Skills (Word, Excel, Powerpoint) and integration Software: Acquired by MOE and sent to schools Support: Engaged industrial partners to provide technical support
  • MP II: Masterplan II was unveiled in July 2002 Consolidated and built on the achievements of the first Masterplan, and Provide the overall direction on how schools could harness the possibilities offered by IT for learning
  • Initiated in 2009
  • Your students are already using ICT at home and in their daily lives, so why not in school? School should not just prepare them for their lives but mirror it as well. We do away with the mindset that we can keep teaching the outdated way. We are not preparing our students for our present or for our past, but for their future!
  • Teaching must change to stay relevant. Media change rapidly (printed text, radio, TV, YouTube), but we are slow to respond to its affordances. This YouTube video shows how a group of people has taken advantage of the affordances of interactivity, collaboration and personal broadcasting that TV cannot. Likewise educators should respond to the affordances of new media and teach in more meaningful ways.
  • According to Jonassen, Howland, Marra, and Crismond (2008), when technologies are used to engage students in active, constructive, intentional, authentic, and cooperative learning, the students learn more. These characteristics of meaningful learning are consistent with the strategic goals of the MOE’s third ICT Master Plan (MP3): self-directed and collaborative learning. To achieve meaningful learning, learning should be set in authentic setting. The notion of self-directed learning is closely related to the elements of meaningful learning, namely the active, constructive and intentional learning. Self-directed learners are intentional in that they set goals and monitor their own progress towards the goals. They actively make sense of the phenomenon that they are studying and construct models and theories to represent their progressive understanding. The notion of collaborative learning is equivalent to cooperative learning as put forward by Jonassen and his colleagues. To solve authentic problems, learners and knowledge workers have to usually work in collaboration to share the cognitive tasks.
  • Experiencing edublogging Edublogging vs blogosphere blogging Documentation and reflection Teaching one another; informal learning opportunities
  • Session 1: ICT & Meaningful Learning

    1. 1. <ul><li>Attendance: Sign in! </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a large name tag </li></ul><ul><li>Update your particulars at the assigned computer </li></ul><ul><li>Browse wiki: </li></ul>
    2. 2. Introduction: What is ICT? What is Meaningful Learning?
    3. 3. <ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Course description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals, expectations, assessment, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using a wiki and introductions </li></ul><ul><li>What is ICT? Why integrate ICT? What is meaningful learning? Connecting ICT & ML </li></ul><ul><li>(Get a group blog) </li></ul><ul><li>Announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Online survey </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Update spreadsheet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name (as in NRIC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type your handphone no. and regular email address </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the event that classes go online due to H1N1, remain contactable via </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email, IM (e.g. Skype), phone </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Name: Dr Ashley Tan </li></ul><ul><li>Room: NIE 2-03-19 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 6790-3265 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Finding your way around the course wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Take note of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequences of being absent and plagiarism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course goals and expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Edit your wiki page ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Get shot! </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tasty tidbit” </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>What is ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>What ICT is not ! </li></ul><ul><li>Why integrate ICT? </li></ul>
    9. 9.
    10. 10.
    11. 11. <ul><li>What is ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>Why integrate ICT? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOE IT Masterplans (textbk chp 1) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Outcomes of MP I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools equipped with basic infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers went through basic ICT training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of integration of ICT </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Outcome of MP II: The emergence of innovative teaching approaches </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Students possess competencies for self-directed and collaborative learning through the effective use of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers have the capacity to tailor and deliver ICT-enabled learning experiences for students to develop these competencies </li></ul><ul><li>School leaders provide the direction and create the conditions to harness ICT for teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure of ICT supports teaching and learning anywhere, anytime </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>What is ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>Why integrate ICT? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOE IT Masterplans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your students are already using ICT! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your students’ futures depend on it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>What is ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>Why integrate ICT? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOE IT Masterplans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your students are already using ICT! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your students’ futures depend on it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching must change to stay relevant! </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>“ If we teach today as we taught yesterday we rob our children of tomorrow.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- John Dewey, 1916 (in Democracy and Education ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Alvin Toffler </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>In your individual wiki page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe a meaningful learning experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify what made it meaningful </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Authentic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to deal with real world problems using the real tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intentional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting goals, planning, monitoring, evaluating, adapting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulating variables/environment, making sense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constructive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructing models, theories/explanations, arguments, solutions, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working in (synergistic) groups </li></ul></ul>Framework by Jonassen, Howland, Marra, & Crismond (2008)
    20. 20. <ul><li>Watch this video </li></ul><ul><li>What are the affordances (textbk chp 5) of the technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>How might you link the technologies to meaningful learning? </li></ul>ETD, MOE has taken the online copy offline
    21. 21. <ul><li>Get a group blog for this course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>,, or other provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared blog, not individual! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document your journey; edublogging; informal learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Update blog list (edit class wiki page) </li></ul><ul><li>Use the KWLQ framework to reflect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>K: What you already KNOW about this week’s topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W: What you WANT to know more about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L: What you LEARNT about the topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q: QUESTIONS you still have about the topics </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Today’s references </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbook chapters 1 and 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Before next week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read textbook chapters 3 and 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video on self-directed learning (SDL) (7min 44sec) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video on collaborative learning (CL) (4min 07sec) </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Read before submitting assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Dishonesty (resource at class wiki) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA Referencing Guide (resource at class wiki) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read if you need help with the wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using PBworks wiki </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>SingNet users may have problems accessing the wiki at home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow instructions in this PDF to remedy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do a survey </li></ul><ul><li>Group photo </li></ul><ul><li>See you here next week! </li></ul>.