Ethnography of School of Computer Science.
Carnegie Mellon, 1990-1993.
Projecte de recerca:
“Ciències del disseny,
noves tecnologies i
De Presidència de la
The “ARPA laboratories”
Prior to 1965, there were no U.S. universities granting a Ph.D. in computer
´”Licklider, and his ARPA successors, provided funding for the research needed
to create university graduate programs in computer science at U.C. Berkeley,
CMU, MIT and Stanford.
It wasn't until 1969 that Ph.D's in computer science were awarded”.
“Computer Science as an
artificial science”. 1988
- " Since computer science is an artificial science
(Simon 1981) theoretical computer science plays a
very different role within computer science than, say,
theoretical physics plays within physics.
- Theoretical physics seeks to understand the physical
universe, which exists independently. Theoretical
computer scientists seek to understand all possible
architectures or algorithms, which computer
scientists create themselves."
- “The National Challenge in Computer Science and Technology”
Computer Science and Technology Board, National Research Council,
“The scientists of the artificial”
J. Von Neumann Claude Shannon
WWII, Scientists became engineers,
and the engineers, scientists..
Computer Science the first “science of
design” or synthetic science.
“What Engineers Know and How
They Know It”
1964, Foundation of the
US National Academy of Engineers.
Research engineers: “Technology as knowledge”.
Engineers that want to know what they know. It is not “applied science”.
They do research based not in discovery but in design.
And its theories are validated not by facts but by deeds.
“’Design,’of course, denotes both the content of a set of plans... and the process
by which those plans are produced. In the later meaning, it tipically involves
tentative layout of the arrangement and dimensions of the artífice, checking of
the candidate device by mathematical analysis or experimental test to see if it does
the required job, and modification when (as commonly happens at first)
it does not”. (W. Vincenti, 1990: 7)
Beyond The Pasteur Quadrant
(Donal Stokes, 1997)
Classic greek paradign was based
in “pure science”, different from
Modern R&D systems want to
realize the Pasteur model:
Pure science and applied science
New high tech models are open
a new way: Synthetic sciences and
technologies for understanding
and designing new possible worlds.
“Sciences of artificial” are now called
Evolution from Analytic to Synthetic
Digital Social Innovation
( Sciences of the
Maria J. Buxó
Angel Jordan (1992)
“It is the study of technology as
the knwoledge expert systems
that allow the cultural design be
(“System Building” A. Serra 1992:5)
What techno-anthropology can
As a synthetic social
dedicate to augment our
knowledge about what kind
of cultural systems are
possible and how to build
them for good.
Are open labs new knowledge
Synthetic social sciences and new
human values and rights.
• Beyond the idea of “ethics should limit high tech”.
• Ethics should be based in new human behaviors and customs.
• High tech has its own ethical code: the ethics of innovation.
• Are new human rights possible in the knowledge society?
• Is the universal right to innovate a new human right?
• Social design,
• Ethnographic Future Research (R.Textor)
• Social simulation,
• Digital auto-ethnographies,
• Digital social innovation
• Responsible research and innovation.
• Citizen-centric research and innovation, living labs.
Manifesto for Synthetic Social Sciences/Technologies
1. Synthetic sciences/technologies are on their way : computer science, synthetic biology, nano sciences, ....
2. The next step can be the generation of synthetic social sciences/technologies
Technoanthropology, tecnopolitics, ... can be considered re initial examples of such emerging fields.
3. Like the other synthetic sciences/technologies, synthetics social S/T will be design sciences (H.Simon)
4. Their goal: understanding what kind of new cultural, social, political, economics,
cognitive human worlds are possible and how to build it.
5. Our methods: social design, ethnographic future research (R. Textor), living labs,
social simulation, digital autoethnographies, digital social innovation, responsible research and innovation.
6. Synthetic social sciences behave in relation with traditional social sciences like synthetic biology acts
in relation with molecular biology.
7. Synthetic social sciences are at the same time synthetic social technologies.
8. In relation with the field of ethics, synthetic social sciences/technologies admit the possibility of a
new field: synthetic ethics, a field of invention of what new human values are possible through a selection and
synthesis of values of different human cultures.
9. The synthetic social scientists/technologists have an experimental ethos based in the principle of self-experiment.
We put ourselves in risk at first in any kind of social experimentation or social design. We are responsible of our
May 1st 2018.
“Can we advance
what we may be?”.
Next November 15th, 2018
First International Seminar
What futures for techno-anthropology?
Tom Borsten, Aalborg University
Jordi Colobrans, Universitat de Barcelona
Max Matus, COLEF Mexico
Artur Serra, i2cat Foundation.
i2cat (Barcelona) and Internet.
Gran Capita 2, planta 2a.
More info: firstname.lastname@example.org