The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge. Digital libraries, a case of study

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The paper aims to explore the concept of ‘swarm intelligence’ and its application to the emerging KO models on the web. Furthermore it focuses on key issues about Digital Libraries as regards KO in the digital age and goes deeper into social and epistemological aspects of opposite information classification systems.Approaching topics with a cross-domain point of view, (philosophy of language, sociology of culture and KO).

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The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge. Digital libraries, a case of study

  1. 1. 4 th National Conference of Postgraduates in Cognitive Sciences “Mind, language, evolution” June, 7-9 2010 T he Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge. D igital libraries, a case of study. Karim Ben Hamida (karim.benhamida@gmail.com) Ph.D. Candidate in Philosophical and Social Sciences University of Rome Tor Vergata
  2. 2. <ul><li>Index </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical framework </li></ul><ul><li>The swarm intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>T axonomy vs. folksonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  3. 3. <ul><li>Aim of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring the concept of ‘swarm intelligence’ and its application to the emerging KO models on the web </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on key issues about Digital Libraries as regards KO in the digital age </li></ul><ul><li>Going deeper into social and epistemological aspects of opposite information classification systems </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching topics with a cross-domain point of view, (philosophy of language, sociology of culture and KO) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  4. 4. <ul><li>Theoretical framework - key concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>The social web evolution </li></ul><ul><li>The S warm intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>T he Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>Folksonomies and t axonomies </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  5. 5. <ul><li>Internet and the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>From Mattelart’s vision, Internet and the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>are not just a technological innovation of XXth century. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite their recent birth, Internet and WWW would be </li></ul><ul><li>the result of a long and complex cultural process, began at </li></ul><ul><li>t he origin of modernity. </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  6. 6. <ul><li>Internet and the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>ICT would continue the philosophical exploit of thinkers, </li></ul><ul><li>l ike Leibniz and Bacon, aimed to realize an </li></ul><ul><li>“ automatization of reason”. </li></ul><ul><li>(Mattelart A., Histoire de la société de l’information, Editions </li></ul><ul><li>La Découverte, 2009 ) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  7. 7. <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>A sort of completion of the following theoretical progresses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leibniz: the binary logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacon: the useful science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet protocols: the engineering effort to build up a universal language, based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the “mystic of number” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the liberation of Science from idola fori </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(A. Mattelart, Histoire de la société de l’information, Editions </li></ul><ul><li>La Découverte, 2009 ) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  8. 8. <ul><li>The World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>The net model: a mashup of two perspectives of the XIXth european social philosophy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The organic society from Saint Simon’s concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The anarchist and decentralized society according to Fourier and Proudhon visions </li></ul></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  9. 9. <ul><li>The old social Web </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 has been created by an é lite, a narrowed group of technicians and scientistis. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Web 1.0 was all about connecting people” </li></ul><ul><li>(Berners-Lee T., IBM podcast developerWorks interviews, </li></ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/2byhfr, Aug 22th 2006 ) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  10. 10. <ul><li>The new social Web </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 is a network made of people for people. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Web as interaction between people is really what the Web is. That was what it was designed to be as a collaborative space where people can interact ” </li></ul><ul><li>A digital mass community </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks evolve in social media </li></ul><ul><li>(Berners-Lee T., IBM podcast developerWorks interviews, </li></ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/2byhfr, Aug 22th 2006 ) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  11. 12. <ul><li>The Swarm Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in AI domain, SI describes the collective behaviour of small, self-organized and highly entropic systems (both natural and artificial) </li></ul><ul><li>From robotic systems to natural contexts, SI became the new social intelligence paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>(Beni G, Wang J., “Swarm Intelligence in Cellular Robotic Systems, </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed. NATO Advanced Workshop on Robots and Biological Systems”, </li></ul><ul><li>1989) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  12. 13. <ul><li>The Swarm Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Useful to: </li></ul><ul><li>describe changings in the digital media environment </li></ul><ul><li>e nlighten interesting phenomena related to the emergence of collective aggregated identities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital agents as prosumers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L iquid and gridded hyper-culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crisis of the traditional cultural space as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R ising of a dis-objectivated knowledge (distributed, plural and nomadic) </li></ul></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  13. 14. <ul><li>Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>A controversial and provisional concept (liquid architecture) </li></ul><ul><li>A hyper-text management model of documents </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be overlapped with the Nelson Docuverse concepts </li></ul><ul><li>From an epistemological point of view, DL is a conceptual device aimed to organize, classify, distribute and preserve knowledge within the digital space </li></ul><ul><li>(Nelson T., Literary machines 90.1: Xanadu project, Mindful Press, Sausalito, California </li></ul><ul><li>1981) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  14. 15. <ul><li>Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>Digital information environment based on two opposite models of knowledge organization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top-down (taxonomies, thesauri, ontologies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom-up (folksonomies) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each one belongs to a different build-up approach regarding the knowledge foundations </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  15. 16. <ul><li>Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down classification models: formalist wave (hierarchical method) </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-up systems: naturalist trend (horizontal/’popular’ method) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  16. 17. <ul><li>Taxonomy vs Folksonomy </li></ul><ul><li>They could be considered as the reflections of two different philosophical approaches to language studies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F ormalism (logical positivism/first Wittgenstein) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinary language philosophy (second Wittgenstein) </li></ul></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  17. 18. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Which kind of knowledge model is emerging in cyberspace? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there the possibility of a ‘peaceful coexistence’ or integration between different KO models in DL? </li></ul><ul><li>The social media growth is transforming the web in a new Babel tower? </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge
  18. 19. <ul><li>Thank you for your kind attention! </li></ul><ul><li>For any question don’t hesitate to </li></ul><ul><li>contact me by email karim.benhamida [at] gmail.com </li></ul><ul><li>Credits for photos in Creative Commons: </li></ul><ul><li>JoonYoung.Kin ( http://tinyurl.com/35npojy ) </li></ul><ul><li>Fred Cavazza ( http://tinyurl.com/595jhr ) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentally ( http://tinyurl.com/2w5jmg4 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Calbara87 ( http://tinyurl.com/377f6cz ) </li></ul>June 8th 2010 4th CODISCO &quot;Mind, language, evolution&quot; The Swarm Intelligence: social construction models of knowledge

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