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Redissenyar les politiques de societat digital

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Description of the Catlabs project and its implications for the design of new digital policies in Catalonia

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Redissenyar les politiques de societat digital

  1. 1. El projecte Catlabs Un programa per articular Catalunya com Societat digital innovadora i cohesionada. Barcelona, March 30th 2017 Draft 0.1
  2. 2. I. The ICT Innovation System
  3. 3. 3 La ciència, la tecnologia i la innovació: Una qüestió d’Estat als EUA
  4. 4. Dos models diferents de recerca i innovació 44 Model tradicional Ciència-Tecnologia Model nou: “High Tech” Science, Basic Research Technology, Applied Research Industry, Development Mission driven Research: Technology Research: Basic and Applied “Dual use Technology”: First defense, then commercial. ((
  5. 5. 55 High Tech model: The DARPA model Mission driven Research: Technology Research: Basic and Applied “Dual use Technology”: First, public used. Then, commercial. (( “The high tech” innovation system
  6. 6. What is high-tech? Alan Turing (Mathematician) Father of Computer Science and AI. Frank Oppenheimer (Physicist) Father of atomic bomb J. Von Neumann (Mathematician) Father of programming Languages. Claude Shannon (Telecom engineer) Father of Information Theory In WW2, The scientists become engineers. The engineers, scientists.
  7. 7. What is mission-driven research? (1) + = General Leslie Groves, head of Manhattan Engineering District Frank Oppenheimer (Physicist) Chieff Scientist of Manhattan project Fat man: 1st atomic bomb (1945)
  8. 8. What is mission-driven research? (2)
  9. 9. What is Dual Use Technology? The driveless car, as an example. 2004 DARPA Autonomous Vehicle Challenge Sebastian Thrun Stanford AI Dep. DARPA Gran Challenge 2005 Edition Winner Google Driveless Car 2014
  10. 10. How NIT research is governed in the country that invented high tech? 10
  11. 11. Marianna Mazzucato: “The Entrepreneurial State: debunking private vs.public sector myths” (2014) http://marianamazzucato.com/ The US Entrepreneurial State: “The USA has spent the last few decades using active intervention policies to drive private sector innovation in pursuit of public policy goals” “The core lesson of this pamphlet is the need to develop a new industrial policy which learns from the past experiences in which the state has played a leading, entrepreneurial role in achieving innovation-led growth”.
  12. 12. II. Evolution and crisis of the technological paradigms
  13. 13. (Carlota Perez, 2011)
  14. 14. III. Where we are now in the ICT Innovation System evolution?
  15. 15. We are here!
  16. 16. A new digital infrastructure connecting old economic ,social , political structures… and disrupting them.
  17. 17. Repeating old structures… • Trustification of the Net. (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple….) • Increasing the centralized surveillance (NSA,…) • Repeting monopolies of the past …. • Results: Ending the innovation in the long term.
  18. 18. Or disrupting them: UK Brexit wins referendum June 23 2016
  19. 19. Trump’s victory (2016/11/8)
  20. 20. -TheTrump vote: Old white collar college- graduated middle class from the postindustrial era. -They are becoming unemployed, politically displaced and culturally threathen -The opposite of Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, Non White Ph.D. immigrant young students. -Where we are in the digital era? What’s next? A divided society.
  21. 21. Is it posible an innovative and inclusive digital society? But how?
  22. 22. For producing a computer we need a computer technology For generating digital society we need a digital societal technologies.
  23. 23. Industrial management : the social technology for the mass production paradigm Industrial engineers Public Administrators Industrial Management Welfare State management
  24. 24. An ICT “golden period” needs digital social technologies. ICT Paradigm Electronics, Computers (Physicists+engineers) Computer Software (Mathematicians+engineering) (Internet, AI… Telcom engin, Cog Psy,+Math,+engineering) (Triple Helix,… Economists, urban planers, ) Social networks (CS+social scientists) Industry 4.0 (CS+industrial engin…) Digital Social Innovation (CS+social scientists Quadruple Model, Living Labs 1971- 2000 2000- 2030 DSI Paradigm
  25. 25. Quines tecnologies socials necesitem a l’era digital? Computer scientists ICT technologists Digital Social Technologists Digital Social Technologists Democratització dels Sistemes d’innovació digitals. Democratització dels Sistemes d’innovació digitals.
  26. 26. The digital innovation system should be open and collaborative 3030 Darpa Model (1969) Mission driven Research: HighTechnology Research: Basic and Applied Digital “Dual use Technology”: First defense, then commercial. (( Catlab Model (2017) Co-creation tecnologies (Living labs, Collaboratories ) Digital Social High Tech (Digital Social Sciences: Synthetic Social Sciences) Digital social innovation
  27. 27. i2cat vision ICT High Tech (Mission driven research+innovation + (( Digital Social High Tech: Co-creation tecnologies (Living labs, Collaboratories ) Synthetic social sciences (Challenge driven research and innovation)
  28. 28. Four characteristics Social Digital Innovation Quadruple Helix User Cocreation Organized through labs.
  29. 29. 1. What Digital Social Innovation is about?
  30. 30. “Un tipus d’ innovació social i col.laborativa en la que els innovadors, usuaris i comunitats, co-crean coneixement i solucions per un ample rang de necessitats socials i en una escala que era inimaginable abans del sorgiment de les TIC i de Internet”. (DSI project).”. Qué es la innovació social digital? https://digitalsocial.eu/
  31. 31. Àrees Francesca Bria. Final Report. DSI Project. 2015 https://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/dsireport.pdf
  32. 32. Systemic innovation
  33. 33. Quadruple Helix: Nou model d’innovació Universities Governments Companies Citizens Les RIS3 s’han de desenvolupar mitjançant models de Quadruple Helix
  34. 34. What can be a digital society?
  35. 35. Is it possible to create a universal innovation system for every citizen, upon Internet? The Collaboratory Hipothesis for a posible digital society
  36. 36. The current Innovation Systems Universities, company labs, national labs. …. An elitist and minority system. ?
  37. 37. What a Universal System looks like? The European universal healtcare systems Covering 100% of population Intermediate Clinics Primary Health Centers Speciallized Hospitals
  38. 38. The real Quadruple Helix Universities Governments Companies Citizens
  39. 39. “Empowering everyone to innovate” (Amsterdam, 2014)
  40. 40. El món dels “labs”: Nova meme desprès de “net”
  41. 41. A living lab is a user-centred, open-innovation ecosystem, often operating in a territorial context (e.g. city, agglomeration, region), integrating concurrent research and innovation processes within a public- private-people partnership. The concept is based on a systematic user co-creation approach integrating research and innovation processes. What is an Open Living Lab?
  42. 42. Quina implicació per a Catalunya?
  43. 43. III. RIS3CAT 2014-2020: Testing new innovation models in a European region
  44. 44. 12 Catlabs es el projecte per construir la comunitat d’innovació social digital de Catalunya. Un projecte dirigit a incloure a la ciutadania al sistema d’innovació del pais construïnt un veritable col.laboratori. Projectes estratègics de país Catlabs Catalunya com a col.laboratori ciutadà
  45. 45. Situació actual a Catalunya
  46. 46. Pasar de la política d’inclusió digital a la política de Innovació social digital. -La xarxa de Punts TIC, com poden ser Reconvertits en labs d’innovació social digital? -Com recullir les altres xarxes de labs dins una Unica xarxa de labs diferenciats. -Com poden els diferents programes de formació Digital en Gran Coalition for Digital Skills and Job
  47. 47. TecnologiaTecnologia CERCA, BIST CienciaCiencia In 2016 Science and Technology is coordinated by the Ministery of Enterprise and Knowledge at regional gov. Conselleria de Empresa i Coneixement.Conselleria de Empresa i Coneixement. Vice-Presidència Departament Economia Coord. RIS3CAT Vice-Presidència Departament Economia Coord. RIS3CAT Tecnio/Eurecat Catalan Science and Technology System a Triple Helix Model (2014-2016
  48. 48. RIS3CAT 2016-2017: Triple Helix model inside the Quadruple Helix SCIENCE & TECH INDUSTRY
  49. 49. SMARTCAT initiatiative (2016-2020): The regional new digital strategy 03/10/2014 55
  50. 50. Presidència Generalitat de Catalunya Secretaria TIC Presidència Generalitat de Catalunya Secretaria TIC 56 SmartCAT +RIS3CAT: Completing the model TecnologiaTecnologia CiènciaCiència Curt TECNIO (EureCAT) CERCA (BIST) LLarg DGIndústria.  Regional ICT strategy is basic for any regional innovation strategy.  ICT strategy is governed by the Presidency of the regional government in order to having the transversal strategic impact in all the departments.  ICT allows 4H models. SmartCATSmartCAT Recerca i innovació TIC, i2cat Vice-Presidència Generalitat de Catalunya Coord. RIS3CAT Vice-Presidència Generalitat de Catalunya Coord. RIS3CAT
  51. 51. Digitalizació 4.0 1.Internet of Things 2.Industrie 4.0 3.Big Data 4.5G-NGI 5.Labs 6.Smart Cities 7.Collaborative economy
  52. 52. RIS3CAT+SmartCAT (2016) CATlabs Industria4.0 Internet of Things SMARTCAT initiatives
  53. 53. Catlabs project: Catalunya as a collaboratory. 59
  54. 54. Collaboratories Open innovation structures over the “the Net”
  55. 55. Catlabs (2016-2020): Building a regional network of labs 1. Building a universal service network of labs at the regional and city level, serving a citizen- driven innovation model. 2. A public concerted system including public labs, private labs, cooperative labs. 3. Common set of goals: promoting social digital innovation for public good, empowering citizens to innovate. 4. Sharing a common set of basic innovation and learning services for every citizen. 5. With a common seal that allows its identification as a member of a network (like public libraries) 6. Each of them specialized in different areas: digital fab, e-participation, collab economy,.. 7. Promoting a responsible innovation and the citizens digital rights, first of them, the right to innovate. 8. Acredited and evaluated like the rest of the research and innovation centers in the Catalan innovation ecosystem. 9. Confederated with other similars networks at the European and global scale.
  56. 56. Fundació i2CAT Technological Center Gràcies  Artur.serra@i2cat.net

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