“Culture and Engagement” (1971)
-Primitive and religious societies
-Power in the hands of elders.
-The pass tense, the langage of myths.
-Modern industrial societies.
-Power in the hands of peers. Nuclear family
-The present tense. The world of today
-Digital innovation socities.
-Young generation lives with different set of values
than parents and grand-parents.
-Future tense, pre-figuration as new cultural form.
Modes of knowledge (1988)
Mathematization of universe
Design as cultural knowlege
Project “Sciences of design,
High technologies and Cultural Tradition”
Maria J. Buxó
Angel Jordan (1992)
“This is the study of technology as a cultural
system….Technoantropology elaborates the
expert systems of knowledge that help to
develop the cultural design” Design Culture” A.
2. “Design Culture”:
Ethnography of School of Computer Science. Carnegie
Projecte de recerca: “Ciènc
del disseny, noves
tecnologies i tradició
cultural” (1990-93), finanç
De Presidència de la
The “ARPA laboratories”
Prior to 1965, there were no U.S. universities granting a Ph.D. in computer
´”Licklider, and his ARPA successors, provided funding for the research needed
to create university graduate programs in computer science at U.C. Berkeley,
CMU, MIT and Stanford.
It wasn't until 1969 that Ph.D's in computer science were awarded”.
Departments of Computer
The “ARPA Labs”. 1960s
1 Stanford University
#2 Carnegie Mellon University
3 Massachusetts Institute of
“Computer Science as an artificial
- " Since computer science is an artificial science
(Simon 1981) theoretical computer science plays a
very different role within computer science than, say,
theoretical physics plays within physics.
- Theoretical physics seeks to understand the physical
universe, which exists independently. Theoretical
computer scientists seek to understand all possible
architectures or algorithms, which computer
scientists create themselves."
- “The National Challenge in Computer Science and Technology”
Computer Science and Technology Board, National Research Council,
“The scientists of the artificial”
J. Von Neumann Claude Shannon
WWII, Scientists became engineers,
and the engineers, scientists..
“Sciences of artificial” are called
Two different models of innovation
The traditional model:
model: “High Tech”
Basic and Applied
First defense, then
“Mission-driven research” “Dual use technology”
Second: The self-driving car
Stanley, winner 2005
Sebastia Thrun, director
AI Lab Stanford Univ.
Nets and Labs:
Two different types of technologies
in the digital era
The industrial machine
The Industrial Management
Industrial era Digital era
2050, every person, every thing could be connected to the Net
• Trustification of the Net. (Google,
Amazon, Facebook, Apple….)
• Increasing the centralized surveillance
• Repeting monopolies of the past ….
• Results 1. High tech benefits only one
part population, excluding the rest.
• Results 2: Ending the innovation in the
Instead of a new digital infrastructure
connecting old economic ,social , political
It would be possible to generate new
economic, social, political, cultural
The lab as new social high tech
“The Lab” (2020)
Open innovation collaboratory over the “the Net”
Towards a third model of innovation
Vanevar Bush Model
Basic and Applied
First defense, then
Quadruple Helix model,
opening the innovation systems
(Arnkil et al.,Exploring Quadruple Helix 2010)
The real dimension
of the Quadruple Helix
Paul Crutzen, 2000. “The Anthropocene is a
proposed epoch that begins when human activities started to
have a significant global impact
on Earth's geology and ecosystems” (Wikipedia)
The Antropocen is coming with the era of
synthetic sciences: Human are transforming the
The problem now is to know if sapiens will also
be able of transform itself with the rest of
Maybe we need synthetic social sciences:
disciplines dedicate to augment our knowledge
about what kind of social and cultural systems
are possibles and how to build them.
the era of synthetic sciences
The challenge for Europe
•Europe is now again in the forefront of the economic,
social and cultural crisis in the digital era. (Brexit case)
•We have not started the high tech era,
but we can help to develop it in a more humane and inclusive way.
•Living Labs research and innovation theories and practices are
the new kind of social high tech that can help to develop models
of society that will benefit of the potentialities of the new era