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Living labs as a new social high tech

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After computer science and technology, we need a living lab science and technology, a new social high tech for the design of the new social structures of the digital era, beyond the digital platforms.

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Living labs as a new social high tech

  1. 1. Living labs, as new social high tech. Artur Serra Living Lab Group, Fundació i2cat artur.serra@i2cat.net Barcelona, June 27, 2016
  2. 2. 2 Índex • I. Technocultures, ahead • II. The cultures of design. • III. Nets and Labs • IV. The Anthropocen: the opportunity for Europe.
  3. 3. 1. Technocultures ahead
  4. 4. The era of technocultures
  5. 5. Margareth Mead Pre-figurative Cultures “Culture and Engagement” (1971) Modes of Culture Post-figurative cultures. -Primitive and religious societies -Power in the hands of elders. -The pass tense, the langage of myths. Co-figurative cultures. -Modern industrial societies. -Power in the hands of peers. Nuclear family -The present tense. The world of today Pre-figurative cultures -Digital innovation socities. -Young generation lives with different set of values than parents and grand-parents. -Future tense, pre-figuration as new cultural form.
  6. 6. M.J. Buxó Modes of knowledge (1988) Cognitive Anthropology University of Barcelona Post-figurative cultures: Co-figurative Cultures Cultures prefiguratives: Mytho-poietic knowledge. Conceptual realism Logic-formal knowledge Mathematization of universe Design as cultural knowlege Anthropological prospective.
  7. 7. Project “Sciences of design, High technologies and Cultural Tradition” (1990-1992)
  8. 8. Technoantropology Maria J. Buxó Angel Jordan (1992) “This is the study of technology as a cultural system….Technoantropology elaborates the expert systems of knowledge that help to develop the cultural design” Design Culture” A. Serra 1992:5)
  9. 9. 2. “Design Culture”: Ethnography of School of Computer Science. Carnegie Mellon, 1990-1993. 10 Projecte de recerca: “Ciènc del disseny, noves tecnologies i tradició cultural” (1990-93), finanç Pel Departament De Presidència de la Generalitat
  10. 10. The “ARPA laboratories” Prior to 1965, there were no U.S. universities granting a Ph.D. in computer science. ´”Licklider, and his ARPA successors, provided funding for the research needed to create university graduate programs in computer science at U.C. Berkeley, CMU, MIT and Stanford. It wasn't until 1969 that Ph.D's in computer science were awarded”. http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/99HISTORYCD-ARPA-History.HTM
  11. 11. Departments of Computer Science. The “ARPA Labs”. 1960s # 1 Stanford University Stanford, CA #2 Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA # 3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA
  12. 12. “Computer Science as an artificial science”. 1988 13 - " Since computer science is an artificial science (Simon 1981) theoretical computer science plays a very different role within computer science than, say, theoretical physics plays within physics. - Theoretical physics seeks to understand the physical universe, which exists independently. Theoretical computer scientists seek to understand all possible architectures or algorithms, which computer scientists create themselves." - “The National Challenge in Computer Science and Technology” Computer Science and Technology Board, National Research Council, 1988.
  13. 13. “The scientists of the artificial” Alan TuringFrank Oppenheimer J. Von Neumann Claude Shannon WWII, Scientists became engineers, and the engineers, scientists..
  14. 14. 15
  15. 15. Their research program.
  16. 16. “Sciences of artificial” are called Synthetic Sciences
  17. 17. Two different models of innovation 1818 The traditional model: Science-Technology- Industry(Vanevar Bush) The mission-driven model: “High Tech” (Darpa) Science, Basic Research Technology, Applied Research Industry, Development Mission driven Research: Technology Research: Basic and Applied “Dual use Technology”: First defense, then commercial. ((
  18. 18. Some examples: The Internet 19 “Mission-driven research” “Dual use technology”
  19. 19. Second: The self-driving car 20 Stanley, winner 2005 Sebastia Thrun, director AI Lab Stanford Univ.
  20. 20. 21 oordinating ole of White House
  21. 21. The Net and the Lab
  22. 22. The Lab, LL science The Lab, LL science Nets and Labs: Two different types of technologies in the digital era The industrial machine Industrial Engineering The Factory The Industrial Management The Net Computer science Industrial era Digital era
  23. 23. 2050, every person, every thing could be connected to the Net
  24. 24. But…
  25. 25. Some results… • Trustification of the Net. (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple….) • Increasing the centralized surveillance (NSA,…) • Repeting monopolies of the past …. • Results 1. High tech benefits only one part population, excluding the rest. • Results 2: Ending the innovation in the long term.
  26. 26. Instead of a new digital infrastructure connecting old economic ,social , political Structures… It would be possible to generate new economic, social, political, cultural structures…? The lab as new social high tech What if?
  27. 27. “The Lab” (2020) Open innovation collaboratory over the “the Net”
  28. 28. Von Hippel, Democratizing Innovation. (2005)
  29. 29. ENoLL (2006)
  30. 30. Citilab, a citizen laboratory (2007).
  31. 31. (
  32. 32. (2014)
  33. 33. Towards a third model of innovation 3737 Vanevar Bush Model (1945) Darpa Model (1957) Science, Basic Research Technology, Applied Research Industry, Development Mission driven Research: Technology Research: Basic and Applied “Dual use Technology”: First defense, then commercial. (( Universal Model (2016) “Empowering Everyone To Innovate”. (ENoLL )
  34. 34. Quadruple Helix model, opening the innovation systems Universities Governments Companies Citizens (Arnkil et al.,Exploring Quadruple Helix 2010)
  35. 35. The real dimension of the Quadruple Helix Universities Governments Companies Citizens
  36. 36. Barcelona as a collaboratory (2012).
  37. 37. IV. The Anthropocen: the challenge for Europe
  38. 38. The Anthropocen Paul Crutzen, 2000. “The Anthropocene is a proposed epoch that begins when human activities started to have a significant global impact on Earth's geology and ecosystems” (Wikipedia)
  39. 39. 43 The Antropocen is coming with the era of synthetic sciences: Human are transforming the nature. The problem now is to know if sapiens will also be able of transform itself with the rest of nature. Maybe we need synthetic social sciences: disciplines dedicate to augment our knowledge about what kind of social and cultural systems are possibles and how to build them. The Anthropocen: the era of synthetic sciences
  40. 40. The challenge for Europe •Europe is now again in the forefront of the economic, social and cultural crisis in the digital era. (Brexit case) •We have not started the high tech era, but we can help to develop it in a more humane and inclusive way. •Living Labs research and innovation theories and practices are the new kind of social high tech that can help to develop models of society that will benefit of the potentialities of the new era of innovation.
  41. 41. Moltes gràcies Artur.serra@i2cat.net

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