Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Example of acute and chronic inflammation

8,024 views

Published on

PREPARED BY: MUHAMMAD ARIFF B. MAHDZUB

BACHELOR MEDICINE AND SURGERY (MBBS)
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE SHAHPUTRA, KUANTAN

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Example of acute and chronic inflammation

  1. 1. 1 Example of acute and chronic inflammationPROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) PREPARED BY: MUHAMMAD ARIFF B. MAHDZUB BACHELOR MEDICINE AND SURGERY (MBBS) UNIVERSITY COLLEGE SHAHPUTRA, KUANTAN
  2. 2. Example of diseases associated with acute inflammation • acute bronchitis • sore throat from a cold or flu • acute appendicitis • acute tonsillitis, • acute infective meningitis • acute sinusitis
  3. 3. Acute bronchitis
  4. 4. Sore throat
  5. 5. Acute appendicitis
  6. 6. Acute tonsillitis
  7. 7. Acute infective meningitis
  8. 8. Acute sinusitis
  9. 9. Example of diseases associated with chronic inflammation • Alzheimer’s Diseases • Rheumatoid Arthritis • Chronic peptic ulcer • Asthma • Hypersensitivity
  10. 10. Alzheimer’s disease
  11. 11. Rheumatoid arthritis
  12. 12. Rheumatoid arthritis
  13. 13. Chronic peptic ulcer
  14. 14. Asthma
  15. 15. Hypersensitivity
  16. 16. Body Reaction Towards Hypersensitivity
  17. 17. Hypersensitivity A state of altered reactivity in which the body reacts with an exaggerated immune response to a foreign substance There are 4 types : 1. Type I (Anaphylactic) reactions 2. Type II (Cytotoxic) reactions 3. Type III (Immune complex) reactions 4. Type IV (Cell-mediated) reactions
  18. 18. Type 1 (Anaphylactic) reactions • Occur within minutes of exposure to antigen • Allergen attached to IgE antibodies • IgE binds to mast cells and basophils, causing them to undergo degranulation and release several chemical mediators : • histamine – dilates and increases permeability of blood vessels (swelling & redness) • Prostaglandins – contraction of smooth muscle & increased mucus secretions (control blood pressure)

×