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Recap of our Class

Recap of our Class

1 of 15
Wk 14
A BRIEF RECAP OF THE
PROBLEMS
Week 1: Trends in Info Environment
• Truth is fragmented
• Changes in media industry
• Power of private media platforms
• New tools for interference &
influence
Recap of our Class
Week 2: Language & Brain
• Us/Them-ing is automatic & hard-wired
• How to resist Us/Them-ing
• Contact
• Priming with counter-stereotype
• Understand implicit biases
• Practice perspective taking
• Individuate
• Flatten hierarchies
Week 2: Language & Brain
• Language is how we perceive and
create reality
• Weaponizing language:
• Deliberate use of language to create
sense of belonging
• Deliberate use of language to create
stark binaries between us & them
• Deliberate use of thought-
terminating cliché
Recap of our Class

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Recap of our Class

  • 1. Wk 14 A BRIEF RECAP OF THE PROBLEMS
  • 2. Week 1: Trends in Info Environment • Truth is fragmented • Changes in media industry • Power of private media platforms • New tools for interference & influence
  • 4. Week 2: Language & Brain • Us/Them-ing is automatic & hard-wired • How to resist Us/Them-ing • Contact • Priming with counter-stereotype • Understand implicit biases • Practice perspective taking • Individuate • Flatten hierarchies
  • 5. Week 2: Language & Brain • Language is how we perceive and create reality • Weaponizing language: • Deliberate use of language to create sense of belonging • Deliberate use of language to create stark binaries between us & them • Deliberate use of thought- terminating cliché
  • 7. Week 3: Perception • Robber’s Cave experiment • Illusion of asymmetric insight • Our minds unite us into teams, divide us against other teams, and blind us to the truth • Cognitive biases prevent us from being rational
  • 8. Week 5 & 6: Generative AI • AI can discriminate against marginalized groups, especially women and people of color • AI can reinforce harmful stereotypes and misinformation • AI can erode people’s privacy and autonomy • Need for more regulation of AI & more critical & ethical literacy among users and creators of AI
  • 9. Week 7: Disinformation • International and domestic users co-opt social media platforms to spread disinformation. Difficult to monitor because: • evade take-downs (friend of friend, ?) • amplified by influencer accounts (the disinformation dozen) • spread across platforms • amplified by algorithms • leverage pics & ephemeral content • Factual correction is ineffective. Self- affirmation is effective.
  • 10. Week 8: Algorithms & Echo Chambers • Algorithmic (curated) newsfeed versus chronological feed • Echo chambers lead to confirmation bias • How to resist? Seek disconfirmation • Like everything • Follow across the political spectrum • Look at follower/following ratio • Use chronological feed • Allow new voices
  • 11. Week 9: Section 230 of the CDA • Passed in 1996 (pre-social media) • Platforms can’t be held legally liable for content posted by users • Does it need to be revised? • Facebook whistleblower, Frances Haugen: engagement based ranking is the problem
  • 12. Week 10: Media Literacy • Media literacy can be weaponized by those who want to spread misinformation and distrust (i.e. conspiracy theorists, trolls, and extremists use media literacy techniques to sow doubt and division). • Media literacy can backfire when it is taught without context and nuance. Simply asking students to question everything and doubt authority can lead to cynicism.
  • 13. Week 10: Media Literacy • Media literacy can be ineffective when it is disconnected from the social and emotional aspects of information consumption and production. It should also address the psychological and cultural factors that influence how people interpret and share information, such as identity, belonging, and validation
  • 14. Week 11: Images & Memes • Instagram: ongoing Meme War • Problem: lack of context, image manipulation, soundbites • Feel authentic because made by users • Have become weaponized for political warfare
  • 15. Week 12: Trust, Truth, Expertise • Edelman trust barometer • Disagreements are over who to trust, not what to think • Narrative warfare: warfare over the meaning of the information. Information consists of facts — raw data. Narratives do not tell the facts. Narratives tell the meaning of the facts.