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6.1 Building A National Identity

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Notes on 6.1

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6.1 Building A National Identity

  1. 1. Building a National Identity Congress, the President, and the Supreme Court all acted to increase federal power.
  2. 2. The Era of Good Feelings <ul><li>James Monroe (Republican) elected President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End of the Federalists Party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Toured the nation to promote national unity </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers described the sense of national unity as the “Era of Good Feelings.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Building the National Economy <ul><li>Sectionalism of National Economy and Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Webster of Massachusetts (North) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect Industry & promote manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Calhoun of South Carolina (South) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defender of states’ rights & promote agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay of Kentucky (West) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote Western Expansion & Improve transports by building roads & canals </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Building the National Economy (continues) <ul><li>2 nd Bank of the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charter for the 1 st bank expired in 1811. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Without the bank US economy becomes unstable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republican party switches from opposing the bank to supporting the bank. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stabilize national currency and fight inflation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Tariff of 1816 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect US manufacturing from British competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase cost of imports by 20% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Clay’s American System: build a national road and canal system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumberland Road: 1 st Federal Highway linking Maryland to Missouri </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erie Canal: 1 st Federal Canal linking Buffalo to Albany </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 3 Important Supreme Court Rulings <ul><li>Chief Justice John Marshall presides over 1,127 decisions from 1801-1835 </li></ul><ul><li>McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): establishes national supremacy of when the Court ruled that a state couldn’t tax the national government </li></ul><ul><li>Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819): establishes protection for private contracts when Court rules to enforce a private contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) establishes Congress’ power to regulate interstate commerce </li></ul>

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