8 1 The First President2

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8 1 The First President2

  1. 1. The First President Ch. 8 sec 1.
  2. 2. On April 30 , 1789 Washington took the oath of office as the first President of the United States under the federal government. John Adams become the first vice President.
  3. 3. Precedents <ul><ul><li>Washington had no one to go on or examples and he knew his decisions would shape the presidency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Precedents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Mr. President” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first cabinet raised many questions: would they answer to the President or the Congress and once appointed if the President could dismiss them? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Cabinet <ul><ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of Treasury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Alexander Hamilton </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of War </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Henry Knox </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney General </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Edmond Randolph </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15 Departments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Judiciary Act of 1789 <ul><ul><li>Disagreements between state courts and Federal Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A compromise allowing 13 district courts and three circuit courts with the Supreme Court having the final ruling over them all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State courts and laws would remain, but federal courts had power to reverse (?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington appointed John Jay to head the Supreme Court </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Hamilton and the National Debt <ul><ul><li>The U.S. was in debt. </li></ul></ul>Foreign debt – money owed to foreign nations such as Spain and France Domestic debt – money owed to American citizens <ul><ul><li>The U.S. had borrowed money from its’ citizens in order to pay for the Revolutionary War through the sale of bonds . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many citizens thought that the government would never be able to pay back their debt. Therefore, they sold their bonds to speculators at a loss. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Hamilton’s Economic Plan Alexander Hamilton wanted to restore people’s faith in the U.S. economy by doing the following: <ul><ul><li>pay back all federal and state bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combine all state and federal debts into one huge national debt </li></ul></ul>Southerners such as James Madison hated this plan because: <ul><ul><li>most Southern states had already paid their debts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most speculators, who became rich, lived in the North </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The South agreed to… The North agreed to… … allow the federal government to take over the debts of the northern states. … move the capital of the U.S. to the South. (Washington, D.C.) Hamilton’s Compromise
  9. 9. Washingtons Farewell <ul><ul><li>After 2 terms in office Washington retired from the presidency, setting a precedent for future presidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In his Farewell speech he warned of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The two party system </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observe good faith and justice to all nations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay away from permanent alliances. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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