A nation divided 8 3.4

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A nation divided 8 3.4

  1. 1. STANDARD 8-3.4-- ANALYZE THE POSITION OF S.C. ON THE ISSUES THAT DIVIDED THE NATION IN THE EARLY 1800’S, INCLUDING THE ASSUMPTION OF STATE DEBTS, THE CREATION OF A NATIONAL BANK, THE PROTECTIVE TARIFF AND THE ROLE OF THE U.S. IN THE EUROPEAN CONFLICT BETWEEN ENGLAND & FRANCE, AND IN THE WAR OF 1812 A Nation Divided
  2. 2. New Nation Leaders  The new federal government was established in 1789 President George Washington Secretary of theTreasury Alexander Hamilton
  3. 3. Alexander Hamilton  Economic policies to strengthen the national government  Proposed (1) that the Federal Government pay the debt incurred as a result of the RevolutionaryWar  (2) & the national government assumed the states’ debt from the war  (3) the national band issue bank notes and collect taxes  Also asked congress to pass a high protective tariff to encourage Americans to make goods at home, rather than buy them from overseas
  4. 4. Political Parties (Federalists)  2 political parties developed as a result of disagreement over Hamilton’s proposals  The Federalists (Hamilton) were in favor  They wanted a strong government to promote trade and industry  Mostly from New England
  5. 5. Political Parties (Democratic Republicans)  Led byThomas Jefferson & James Madison  Opposed Hamilton’s proposals  Their favor of a republic of small farmers & shopkeepers rather than manufacturing led to the opposition of the protective tarrif, which did not pass  SC elite supported the Federalists  SC backcountry supported the Republicans  Most of SC supported the assumption of state debt, even though the Republicans did not
  6. 6. Political Compromise  The Democratic Republicans agreed to assume state debt as long as the Federalists agreed to move the nation’s capital to the banks of the Potomac River in the south (Present DayWashington, D.C.)
  7. 7. National Bank  Democratic Republicans wanted the Constitution strictly interpreted (literally)  Federalists argued that the Congress had been granted to right to make all laws that were “necessary and proper” in order to execution of its powers  They argued that a bank was necessary for them to tax and control commerce which was granted to them in the new Constitution  Advocated a loose bill for the creation of the First National Bank
  8. 8. Foreign Policy  1789 French Revolution  Democratic Republicans support for overthrowing their king  Federalists applaud at the bloodshed  & sided with Britain when the French declare war on them, in hopes of securing more trade  GeorgeWashington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality & the US attempted to stay neutral throughout the Napoleonic Wars
  9. 9. X,Y,Z Affair  Take notes …..(2:41)
  10. 10. X,Y,Z Affair Aftermath  Federalists prepared for war  Democratic Republicans vilified President Adams in their party newspapers  Insulted by this action, Federalists past the Alien & Sedition Acts designed to limit the growth of the Democratic Republican party & to silence the newspapers  Republican response-suppression of their freedom of press was unconstitutional
  11. 11. Neutrality, Trade, & More  Controversy over the Alien & Sedition Acts led to the election ofThomas Jefferson as President in 1800  America traded with both the French and British through the Napoleonic Wars  British practice of impressment (explain)  B/c of this grievance, in 1807, Congress passed the Embargo Act to stop trade with both the French & English  This devastated the shipping industry in New England
  12. 12. Neutrality, Trade, & More  Democratic Republicans living in the west accused the British of urging the Native Americans to attack them  Protest meetings were held across SC when British ships fired on an American ship  1810, John C. Calhoun was elected to Congress and for America to declare war on Great Britain
  13. 13. War of 1812  US declared war on Great Britain & invaded Canada… the Canadians won  1814, British army attackedWashington DC, burning down the capital building and the President’s house (later theWhite House)  Treaty that ended the war resulted in no exchange of lands, it did cause a surge of nationalism
  14. 14. The Big Switch-a-Roo  Federalist Party died out b/c of their opposition to the war  Democratic Republicans began to support Federalist policies including the national bank and protective tariffs Burning of SC (8:49)

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