Competence in the MajorHazard IndustriesAndrew Mulligan HM Inspector of Health and Safety
What we will cover:•What is competence?•What can go wrong?•What the law says?•How can competence bedemonstrated?•How can competence be managed?
What is competence?Definition(s)• The ability to perform the activities within an occupation or functionto the standard expected in employment. (HSL)• “Competence” means the ability to undertake responsibilities andperform activities to a relevant standard, as necessary to ensureprocess safety and prevent major accidents. Competence is acombination of knowledge, skills and experience and requires awillingness and reliability that work activities will be undertaken inaccordance with agreed standards, rules and procedures (HID,HSE).• “Competence is the ability for every director, manager and worker torecognise the risks in operational activities and then apply the rightmeasures to control and manage those risks”. (Judith Hackitt HSEChair).
What can go wrong?• Esso Gas Plant Explosion, Longford,Australia, 1998.• Flixborough, 1974.
What the Law says.• Control of Major Accident HazardsRegulations 1999 (COMAH), Regulation 4.• Health and Safety at Work etc Act1974(HSW), Sections 2, 3 and 7.• Management of Health and Safety at WorkRegulations 1999 (MHSW), Regulations 5and 7....AND
And…• MHSW Regulation 10 Information toemployees.• Regulation 12 Information to contractors• Regulation 13 Capabilities and training• Regulation 14 Employee duties• Provision and Use of Work EquipmentRegulations 1998, Regulations 9 and 10Information Instruction and Training.• And others…
Competence Assurance6 KEY PRINCIPLES:1. Demonstrating leadership and commitment2. Identifying business critical activities pertaining tothe control of major accident hazards or major risksin your sector3. Setting procedures and standards4. Compliance against your standards5. Taking actions to improve competence6. Commitment to continuous improvement
Competency what is needed?• Focus on Major Accident Prevention.• Competency for all roles.• Standards• Formal training NVQ/SVQ’s• Procedures• ‘On the job’ training.
Competency what is needed?• Resourcing• Foreseeable operational modes• Competency includes experience• Proportionality• Validation and evaluation• Trainers and assessors• Audit and review
Competence Management.Establish the requirements of theCMS1 Establish a policy of CMS2 Identify functions, tasks, and activitiesDesign the CMS3 Select or develop standards4 Decide how to meet the standards5 Develop procedures and methods6 Establish requirements for training,development and assessmentImplement the CMS7 Train, develop, assess andmaintain managers’competencies8 Select and recruit staff9 Train, develop and assess staff10 Control activities undertakenMaintaining competence11 Monitor and reassess staffperformance12 Manage sub-standard performance13 Keep records14 Update the competence ofindividualsAudit & review of theCMS15 Verify and audit the CMS16 Review and feed back
Methods of documentingcompetency.Skills Matrix that documents:• Description of task• Who is responsible for arranging work• Who is responsible for completing work• Related Procedure to follow• Related standards and legislation e.g. BS,EEMUA…• General Training Required• Functional Skills and Experience Required.
Business Benefits• Workforce planning• Staff development and continuousprofessional development.• Expertise Locator.• Knowledge Management• Feeding into evaluation of training andlearning.
Summary• Establish baseline competencies for roles.• Assess tasks to establish what is safety critical.• Develop standards and procedures for safetycritical tasks.• Monitor and assess personnel against theabove.• Continue to develop and improve the system.• ALWAYS CONSIDER IF THE PROCEDUREFITS e.g. site risks, change in personnel, goodindustry practice.
Any questions?Useful Links:Competence in health and safety.http://www.hse.gov.uk/competence/index.htmInspection of competence at COMAH siteshttp://www.hse.gov.uk/comah/guidance/inspection-competence-management-systems.pdf