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Safety Audit
an overview
www.verde.co.in
Is Occupational Health
and Safety in your
Organization
up to standard?
Inspiring Excellence
This is a
knowledge
initiative
about the presentation
Safety Audit can be defined as verifying the existence and
implementation of elements of occupational safety and health
system and for verifying the system’s ability to achieve
defined safety objectives.
This presentation will give you an overview of Audit, Safety
Audit, Audit Process, Auditor attributes. It also discusses
about the different reference standards in India related to
safety audit and will give you some take home points.
www.verde.co.in
Download your
free e-book on
Safety Audit
Click Here
www.verde.co.in
You should download
your e-book here..
Its free!
This is a
knowledge
initiative
Now on the subject:
Safety
Audit
www.verde.co.in
This is a
knowledge
initiative
Inspiring Excellence
What is Audit?
Part of a Verification Process
Other modes of verification:
Audit
Assessment
Inspection
Inspiring Excellence
Different Levels of Verification
Excellence
Improvement
Compliance
• Best in Class
• System
Development
• Elementary
Inspiring Excellence
Audit features:
Audit criteria Requirements against which audit evidence is compared
Audit scope
Extent and boundaries of an audit
• Physical locations
• Activities and processes
Audit findings
Results of the evaluation
• Either conformity or nonconformity
Inspiring Excellence
Safety Audit
www.verde.co.in
Inspiring Excellence
What is Safety Audit
Verifying the existence and implementation of
elements of occupational safety and health
system and for verifying the system’s ability to
achieve defined safety objectives.
IS-14489-1998
Inspiring Excellence
Different types of Safety Audit
National standards
IS 14489
Code of Practice on Occupational Safety & Health Audit
31 Elements, 278 Questions
OISD 145
Guidelines on Internal Safety Audits
International standards
• British 5 Star Audit
Support standards
• Indian Standards (BIS)
• OISD Standards
Inspiring Excellence
Safety Audit
In India, Statutory Requirement for Hazardous
Industries
Frequency: Every Year
Inspiring Excellence
Management
Approach
Risk Orientation
Hazard
Risk
Control
Residual risk
Acceptable risk
- Prioritization
- Focus on level
of control
Improvement
Management system
P D C A
- Finding
- CAP
- CAP closure
Operational
approach
All safety
element
Level of
• planning
• Implementation
• Monitoring effectiveness
Legal
compliance
- Applicability
- Implementation
- Monitoring
Approach
Inspiring Excellence
Hardware
Software
Humanware
Safety Depends on
Engineering
Procurement
Accident and
incident
analysis
Work permit
Health and
Hygiene
Emergency
PPE
Leadership
Task
observation
Inspiring Excellence
Elements of Occupational Safety and
Health System - IS 14489
• Occupational Health and Safety Policy
• OS&H organizational set up
• Education and Training
• Employees participation in OS&H Management
• Motivational and Promotional measures for OS&H
• Safety Manual and Rules
• Compliance with Statutory Requirements
• New Equipment review and inspection
Inspiring Excellence
Elements contd..
• Accident reporting analysis investigation and
implementation and recommendations
• Risk Assessment including hazard identification
• Safety inspections
• Health and safety improvement plan/targets
• First aid facilities-Occupational health center
• Personal Protective Equipment
• Good housekeeping
• Machine and general area guarding
• Material handling equipment
Inspiring Excellence
Elements contd..
• Electrical and Personal safeguarding
• Ventilation, illumination and noise
• Work environment monitoring system
• Prevention of occupational diseases including
periodic medical examination
• Safe operating procedures
• Work Permit systems
• Fire Prevention, Protection and fighting systems
• Emergency Preparedness plans(onsite/offsite)
• Process Plant modification procedure
Inspiring Excellence
Elements contd..
• Transportation of hazardous substances
• Hazardous waste treatment and disposal
• Safety in storage and warehousing
• Contractor safety systems
• Safety for customers(including MSDS)
Inspiring Excellence
Audit Process
www.verde.co.in
Inspiring Excellence
Audit Process
Plan
Audit Plan
Audit Program
Auditor Checklist
1.Follow Up
Effective closure of
finding
4.
Conduct
Auditing Techniques
Sampling Questioning
Probing Writing a finding
Opening Meeting
Closing Meeting
2.Report
Review of proposed
CAPA
Audit Report
3.
Who does it?
Auditor / Audit team
Basis of audit?
Audit criteria or
requirements
Purpose?
•To check compliance
•To facilitate improvement
•To identify the risks
Inspiring Excellence
Audit Outcome
Strength
Weakness /
Opportunity
Risk
Failure
Noteworthy Effort
Observation Nonconformity
Inspiring Excellence
Requirement
Legal Stakeholder’s
Standard
Organisation’s
Own
Process
Inspiring Excellence
Lifecycle of an Audit Finding
Finding
Identified
Finding
documented
Finding
classified & issued
CA agreedDepartment
applies CA
effectiveness
verified
Finding
closed out
Department investigates
& quantifies
Department finds
root cause
Department determines
Corrective Action (CA)
Risk assessment
Inspiring Excellence
Auditor
Attributes
www.verde.co.in
Inspiring Excellence
Auditor
Person with the
competence to
conduct an audit.
Competence
Ability to perform
Inspiring Excellence
Four Point Pledge for an Auditor
• I shall check compliance to the requirements within
the scope of the audit criteria
• I am here to facilitate improvement
• I am here not to find faults or non conformities
• I will contribute to the effectiveness of the system
An Auditor is an
Improvement Facilitator
But not a fault finder
Inspiring Excellence
Auditor Attributes
Generic
Knowledge
• Knowledge of ref
standard (e.g. IS
14489)
Skill
Specific
Knowledge
• Health & Safety
• Legal
Requirements
• Process
Personal
Attributes
• Professional
Qualities
• Team Work
Auditing Techniques
Inspiring Excellence
• Ethical, i.e. fair, truthful, sincere, honest and discreet
• Open-minded, i.e. willing to consider alternative ideas or points
of view
• Observant, i.e. actively aware of physical surroundings and
activities
• Tenacious, i.e. persistent, focused on achieving objectives
• Decisive, i.e. reaches timely conclusions based on logical reasoning
and analysis
Personal Attributes
Inspiring Excellence
Five Principles of Auditing
Ethical Conduct
Fair Presentation
Due Professional Care
Independence
Evidence based approach
Inspiring Excellence
Take Home
Points
www.verde.co.in
Inspiring Excellence
Take Home Points
• Safety Audit is a Risk Management tool for any
organization
• Safety Audit is an Improvement tool for any organisation
• Any safety audit must have both management &
operational approach
• Safety Audit (as per IS 14489) is mandatory for
hazardous Industries
• Findings must be focused towards Lack of Control, not
only non-compliance
Occupational
Health and
Safety
Safety doesn't happen by accident.
So, prepare and prevent, don't repair and repent
Quality
Social
Responsibility
Environ-
ment
Health &
Safety
Food
Safety
Information
Technology
www.verde.co.in Assessment Consulting Training
Behaviour Based Safety
A systematic application of psychological
research on human behavior to the problems of
safety in the workplace.
Accident Investigation
Ergonomic Survey
The science of people-work relationships
that results in improved productivity, quality,
comfort, health and safety.
Integrated approach to identify fire load,
assessment of fire risk and its mitigation
processes. The result is a comprehensive
Report, Training, Recommendations and
Capacity Building.
Fire Risk ManagementSafety Audit
A systematic, periodic and objective evaluation of
the safety performance against the established
safety standards / legal requirements.
A structured accident investigation and
analysis ensures effective corrective and
preventive actions.
Contractor Safety
ManagementPlanning, coordination and control over risks related
with contractors and their work ensures improved
safety performance.
Quality
Social
Responsibility
Environ-
ment
Health &
Safety
Food
Safety
Information
Technology
www.verde.co.in Assessment Consulting Training
OHS Due Diligence
An international OHS Management System
based on PDCA principle provides a
framework for improvement.
1
OSHAS 18001
HAZOP
Identification and evaluation of process
hazards in structured and systematic way
that ensures safe operations.
Journey Risk
Management
OHS Legal Compliance
To manage the risks associated with the
journey by assessing the route condition and
making arrangement for safe practices.
This ensures the OHS status of work persons
and affected people in and around an
organization.
Handholding programme where workplace stress
level is measured, the causes are found out and
subsequent psychological intervention, training
and support practices are provided
Workplace Stress
Management
Planning, Identification and Compliance of legal
requirements ensure lower risk to the
organization.
Inspiring Excellence
What Verde does?
Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of Responsible
Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management.
1 Assessment
Identifying the
gaps in a
system
against
standard(s)
and
requirement.
to meet
compliance
and facilitate
improvement.
2 Consulting
Supporting &
handholding
organisations
to solve their
problems and
to meet the
gaps identified
during the
assessment
or any other
audit.
3 Training
Empowering
people to
perform their
duties
effectively and
efficiently.
4
Assurance
&
Certification
Ensuring that
a process,
product, or
service meets
relevant techn
ical standard
s and fulfils
relevant
requirements.
www.verde.co.in
Verde services in
Occupational
Health & Safety
• Safety Audit
• Safety Management
System
• Ergonomic
• Electrical Safety
• Accidental Investigation
• Safety Legal
• Fire Risk Assessment
• OHS Due Diligence
• Behavior bases safety
• Safety Management
System Maturity
Assessment
Safety,
Health &
Environment
People
ExcellenceFood Safety
Social
Compliance
Quality &
Business
Excellence
Information
Security
Sustainability
Risk
Management
Inspiring Excellence
Helping Businesses
in their pursuit of…
Responsibl
e Business
Health &
Safety
Environment
Social
Responsibility
Sustainability Quality
Information
Technology
Food
Safety
Training
Consulting
Assessment
People
Excellence
Thank You
www.verde.co.in

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Safety Audit: An Overview

  • 1. Safety Audit an overview www.verde.co.in Is Occupational Health and Safety in your Organization up to standard?
  • 2. Inspiring Excellence This is a knowledge initiative about the presentation Safety Audit can be defined as verifying the existence and implementation of elements of occupational safety and health system and for verifying the system’s ability to achieve defined safety objectives. This presentation will give you an overview of Audit, Safety Audit, Audit Process, Auditor attributes. It also discusses about the different reference standards in India related to safety audit and will give you some take home points. www.verde.co.in
  • 3. Download your free e-book on Safety Audit Click Here www.verde.co.in You should download your e-book here.. Its free! This is a knowledge initiative
  • 4. Now on the subject: Safety Audit www.verde.co.in This is a knowledge initiative
  • 5. Inspiring Excellence What is Audit? Part of a Verification Process Other modes of verification: Audit Assessment Inspection
  • 6. Inspiring Excellence Different Levels of Verification Excellence Improvement Compliance • Best in Class • System Development • Elementary
  • 7. Inspiring Excellence Audit features: Audit criteria Requirements against which audit evidence is compared Audit scope Extent and boundaries of an audit • Physical locations • Activities and processes Audit findings Results of the evaluation • Either conformity or nonconformity
  • 9. Inspiring Excellence What is Safety Audit Verifying the existence and implementation of elements of occupational safety and health system and for verifying the system’s ability to achieve defined safety objectives. IS-14489-1998
  • 10. Inspiring Excellence Different types of Safety Audit National standards IS 14489 Code of Practice on Occupational Safety & Health Audit 31 Elements, 278 Questions OISD 145 Guidelines on Internal Safety Audits International standards • British 5 Star Audit Support standards • Indian Standards (BIS) • OISD Standards
  • 11. Inspiring Excellence Safety Audit In India, Statutory Requirement for Hazardous Industries Frequency: Every Year
  • 12. Inspiring Excellence Management Approach Risk Orientation Hazard Risk Control Residual risk Acceptable risk - Prioritization - Focus on level of control Improvement Management system P D C A - Finding - CAP - CAP closure Operational approach All safety element Level of • planning • Implementation • Monitoring effectiveness Legal compliance - Applicability - Implementation - Monitoring Approach
  • 13. Inspiring Excellence Hardware Software Humanware Safety Depends on Engineering Procurement Accident and incident analysis Work permit Health and Hygiene Emergency PPE Leadership Task observation
  • 14. Inspiring Excellence Elements of Occupational Safety and Health System - IS 14489 • Occupational Health and Safety Policy • OS&H organizational set up • Education and Training • Employees participation in OS&H Management • Motivational and Promotional measures for OS&H • Safety Manual and Rules • Compliance with Statutory Requirements • New Equipment review and inspection
  • 15. Inspiring Excellence Elements contd.. • Accident reporting analysis investigation and implementation and recommendations • Risk Assessment including hazard identification • Safety inspections • Health and safety improvement plan/targets • First aid facilities-Occupational health center • Personal Protective Equipment • Good housekeeping • Machine and general area guarding • Material handling equipment
  • 16. Inspiring Excellence Elements contd.. • Electrical and Personal safeguarding • Ventilation, illumination and noise • Work environment monitoring system • Prevention of occupational diseases including periodic medical examination • Safe operating procedures • Work Permit systems • Fire Prevention, Protection and fighting systems • Emergency Preparedness plans(onsite/offsite) • Process Plant modification procedure
  • 17. Inspiring Excellence Elements contd.. • Transportation of hazardous substances • Hazardous waste treatment and disposal • Safety in storage and warehousing • Contractor safety systems • Safety for customers(including MSDS)
  • 19. Inspiring Excellence Audit Process Plan Audit Plan Audit Program Auditor Checklist 1.Follow Up Effective closure of finding 4. Conduct Auditing Techniques Sampling Questioning Probing Writing a finding Opening Meeting Closing Meeting 2.Report Review of proposed CAPA Audit Report 3. Who does it? Auditor / Audit team Basis of audit? Audit criteria or requirements Purpose? •To check compliance •To facilitate improvement •To identify the risks
  • 20. Inspiring Excellence Audit Outcome Strength Weakness / Opportunity Risk Failure Noteworthy Effort Observation Nonconformity
  • 22. Inspiring Excellence Lifecycle of an Audit Finding Finding Identified Finding documented Finding classified & issued CA agreedDepartment applies CA effectiveness verified Finding closed out Department investigates & quantifies Department finds root cause Department determines Corrective Action (CA) Risk assessment
  • 24. Inspiring Excellence Auditor Person with the competence to conduct an audit. Competence Ability to perform
  • 25. Inspiring Excellence Four Point Pledge for an Auditor • I shall check compliance to the requirements within the scope of the audit criteria • I am here to facilitate improvement • I am here not to find faults or non conformities • I will contribute to the effectiveness of the system An Auditor is an Improvement Facilitator But not a fault finder
  • 26. Inspiring Excellence Auditor Attributes Generic Knowledge • Knowledge of ref standard (e.g. IS 14489) Skill Specific Knowledge • Health & Safety • Legal Requirements • Process Personal Attributes • Professional Qualities • Team Work Auditing Techniques
  • 27. Inspiring Excellence • Ethical, i.e. fair, truthful, sincere, honest and discreet • Open-minded, i.e. willing to consider alternative ideas or points of view • Observant, i.e. actively aware of physical surroundings and activities • Tenacious, i.e. persistent, focused on achieving objectives • Decisive, i.e. reaches timely conclusions based on logical reasoning and analysis Personal Attributes
  • 28. Inspiring Excellence Five Principles of Auditing Ethical Conduct Fair Presentation Due Professional Care Independence Evidence based approach
  • 30. Inspiring Excellence Take Home Points • Safety Audit is a Risk Management tool for any organization • Safety Audit is an Improvement tool for any organisation • Any safety audit must have both management & operational approach • Safety Audit (as per IS 14489) is mandatory for hazardous Industries • Findings must be focused towards Lack of Control, not only non-compliance
  • 31. Occupational Health and Safety Safety doesn't happen by accident. So, prepare and prevent, don't repair and repent
  • 32. Quality Social Responsibility Environ- ment Health & Safety Food Safety Information Technology www.verde.co.in Assessment Consulting Training Behaviour Based Safety A systematic application of psychological research on human behavior to the problems of safety in the workplace. Accident Investigation Ergonomic Survey The science of people-work relationships that results in improved productivity, quality, comfort, health and safety. Integrated approach to identify fire load, assessment of fire risk and its mitigation processes. The result is a comprehensive Report, Training, Recommendations and Capacity Building. Fire Risk ManagementSafety Audit A systematic, periodic and objective evaluation of the safety performance against the established safety standards / legal requirements. A structured accident investigation and analysis ensures effective corrective and preventive actions. Contractor Safety ManagementPlanning, coordination and control over risks related with contractors and their work ensures improved safety performance.
  • 33. Quality Social Responsibility Environ- ment Health & Safety Food Safety Information Technology www.verde.co.in Assessment Consulting Training OHS Due Diligence An international OHS Management System based on PDCA principle provides a framework for improvement. 1 OSHAS 18001 HAZOP Identification and evaluation of process hazards in structured and systematic way that ensures safe operations. Journey Risk Management OHS Legal Compliance To manage the risks associated with the journey by assessing the route condition and making arrangement for safe practices. This ensures the OHS status of work persons and affected people in and around an organization. Handholding programme where workplace stress level is measured, the causes are found out and subsequent psychological intervention, training and support practices are provided Workplace Stress Management Planning, Identification and Compliance of legal requirements ensure lower risk to the organization.
  • 34. Inspiring Excellence What Verde does? Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of Responsible Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management. 1 Assessment Identifying the gaps in a system against standard(s) and requirement. to meet compliance and facilitate improvement. 2 Consulting Supporting & handholding organisations to solve their problems and to meet the gaps identified during the assessment or any other audit. 3 Training Empowering people to perform their duties effectively and efficiently. 4 Assurance & Certification Ensuring that a process, product, or service meets relevant techn ical standard s and fulfils relevant requirements. www.verde.co.in Verde services in Occupational Health & Safety • Safety Audit • Safety Management System • Ergonomic • Electrical Safety • Accidental Investigation • Safety Legal • Fire Risk Assessment • OHS Due Diligence • Behavior bases safety • Safety Management System Maturity Assessment Safety, Health & Environment People ExcellenceFood Safety Social Compliance Quality & Business Excellence Information Security Sustainability Risk Management
  • 35. Inspiring Excellence Helping Businesses in their pursuit of… Responsibl e Business Health & Safety Environment Social Responsibility Sustainability Quality Information Technology Food Safety Training Consulting Assessment People Excellence Thank You www.verde.co.in