The Kidneys by Anthony Isom, Jr.


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Anthony Jr.

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The Kidneys by Anthony Isom, Jr.

  1. 1. The Kidneys<br />By<br />Anthony IsomJr<br />Biology 120<br />
  2. 2. Urinary System<br />The urinary organ system contains organs located within the abdomen.<br />These organs consist of:<br />Two Kidneys<br />The Bladder<br />Two Ureters<br />A Urethra<br />
  3. 3. What are the kidneys<br />The human body contains two kidneys one in each upper quadrant<br />The kidneys are “bean-shaped organs.”<br />Retroperitoneal<br />Renal Capsule- the kidneys outer skin covering<br />The kidneys consist of two main parts:<br />Central-group of tubes called calyx and pelvis<br />Outer Peripheral-Houses the cortex medulla, and medullarypyrmids<br />
  4. 4. What are the kidneys<br />Kidneys are made of nephrons.<br />Nephrons are designed for filtering out the bloodstream<br />Responsible for producing urine through several processes called:<br />Filtration<br />Reabsorption<br />Secretion <br />The Kidneys are participants in the regulation of red blood cells (RBC).<br />
  5. 5. Picture of kidney<br />Medullary Pyramid<br />Cortex<br />Renal capsule<br />Pelvis<br />Major Calices<br /><br />
  6. 6. Functions<br />Kidneys are responsible for cleansing blood and balancing fluid.<br />Urine is manufactured to remove waste from the body.<br />Nutrients and other useful substances filtered from urine are returned to the blood.<br />
  7. 7. Hormones released by kidneys<br />The kidneys release three hormones<br />Erythropoietin which activates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells.<br />Renin is a hormone that regulates blood pressure.<br />Calcitriol aids to maintain calcium for bones and prevent abnormal chemical imbalances in body<br />
  8. 8. An Image of the Kidneys<br />
  9. 9. Common Kidney Diseases<br />Diabetic kidney disease- When nephrons are damaged because of an excessive amount of glucose.<br />This disease is based on patients with diabetes. Glucose is produced and enter the blood. But with diabetes, the glucose does not break down acting as a poison in the blood.<br />
  10. 10. Common Kidney Diseases<br />High blood pressure (hypertension) damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys nephrons.<br />Damaged blood vessel may not be able to filter out waste products from the blood if a patient is diagnosed with high blood pressure.<br />If blood pressure is consistently high kidney function will continue to decline.<br />
  11. 11. Treatments for Hypertension<br />Physicians prescribe medications such as ACE and ARB.<br />According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute advises that patients with diabetes or abnormal reduced kidney functionkeep blood pressure below 130/80.<br />Also reducing stress and incorporating meditation in daily activities can help lower high blood pressure.<br />
  12. 12. Treatments for Diabetic kidney disease<br />A patient should frequently monitor blood glucose levels to keep it normal.<br />This treatment can either prevent or delay diabetic kidney disease.<br />Medications such as angiotensin-converting enzymes inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blocker can also be used to prevent or delay diabetic kidney disease<br />
  13. 13. Healthy kidneys<br />In order to keep healthy and productive kidneys try the following”<br />Monitoring and controlling blood pressure<br />Glucose levels<br />Follow a low-protein diet<br />Maintain healthy cholesterol blood levels<br />Do not smoke<br />Medications such as ACE and ARB can be prescribed by a physician.<br />
  14. 14. References<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />