Three Fascinating Procedures by Anthony Isom, Jr.


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Biology 120
Medical Terminology

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Three Fascinating Procedures by Anthony Isom, Jr.

  1. 1. Three Fascinating PRocedures<br />Medical Terminology<br />Anthony Isom, Jr.<br />
  2. 2. PercutaneousTransluminal Coronary Angioplasty<br />Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is necessary for treating patients with diseased arteries of the heart.<br />An example would be atherosclerosis. <br />One of the most common forms of arteriorsclerosis. <br />Caused by the formation of plaque in the inner walls of the arteries.<br />Plaque is a yellowish, fatty deposit of lipids in arteries that reduce and eventually stop blood flow through the arteries overtime.<br />
  3. 3. Procedure<br />A Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is normally performed by connecting a catheter in an artery in the groin to an artery in need of repair in the heart (this is called a PercutaneousTransluminal Coronary Angioplasty). <br />This procedure is also known as a PTCA, coronary artery balloon dilation or balloon angioplasty). <br />Blood flow now needs to be initiated through the arteries.<br />
  4. 4. Procedure continued<br />The artery is still blocked with plaque<br />The balloon must be inflated in order to dilate the artery and allow blood to flow.<br />An expandable metal stent is often used during this procedure.<br />The stent slowly releases medication to prevent the excessive growth of scar tissue.<br />The purpose of the PTCA is to <br />unblock the arteries <br />allow blood to flow to and from the heart. <br />This procedure is known as an elective PCI, used to unblock an artery. <br />
  5. 5. Endarterectomy<br />This surgical Procedure requires the removal of the diseased or damaged inner lining of the artery.<br />It removes plaque from an artery that has become blocked or narrowed.<br />This is called atherosclerosis.<br />This term simply means the hardening or stiffening of arteries.<br />As an individual ages, plaque increases.<br />Plaque consists of cholesterol, calcium, and fibrous tissue.<br />
  6. 6. Performing A Endarterectomy<br />An incision is made in the affected artery.<br />The incision will allow the vascular surgeon to remove the plaque that is blocking the artery inner lining.<br />The result is an open artery with consistent blood flow.<br />This procedure is quite invasive, but does restore the necessary blood flow.<br />
  7. 7. Image of a Endarterectomy<br />The incision<br />Opening of artery<br />Plaque removal<br />
  8. 8. Embolectomy<br />This Surgical Procedure is the removal of an embolus or clot from a blood vessel.<br />An embolus is a foreign clot that travels through the circulatory system to another location.<br />This embolus can prevent oxygen from traveling through the bloodstream efficiently.<br />
  9. 9. Procedure<br />During this procedure the surgeon makes an incision in the skin.<br />This is to locate the artery or vein that is blocked by the embolus.<br />Once the embolus is located, the artery is opened.<br />A special catheter is used to slide down the artery.<br />The clot is vacuumed using the catheter, while the inflated balloon is used to move the extracted embolus.<br />
  10. 10. Procedure continued<br />The artery is finally stitched<br />The surgeon ensures that blood is flowing properly before the skin is closed<br />A embolectomy is a common procedure.<br />Patients tend to make a quick recovery<br />
  11. 11. References<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />