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Chapter 17


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Chapter 17

  1. 1. SPEEDBOAT TO POLYNESIA Chapter 17 by Elizabeth Santana
  2. 2. HISTORY In the beginning the islands of the Pacific were getting colonized by Asian colonists and who began arriving in New Guinea around 40, 000 B.C. The Austronesian migrations began from the Chinese mainland and in 3,500 B.C reached Taiwan, the Philippines by 3,000 B.C, Sumatra and Java by 2,000 B.C, Northern New Guinea by 1,600 B.C, Samoa by 1,200 B.C and in 500 A.D Hawaii, Easter Island and Madagascar. The migration or Austronesian Expansion was among the biggest population movements of the last 6,000 years, when Chinese emigrants transformed into Polynesians.
  3. 3. MIGRATION A double-outrigger sailing canoe made the Austronesian migration possible. The Polynesians primary voyaging craft was the double canoe, which was made of two hollow tree trunks connected by lashed crossbeams. The two hulls gave this craft stability and the capacity to carry heavy loads. A medium size voyaging canoe was 50 to 60 feet long, could accommodate two dozen or so migrants, their food supplies, livestock and planting materials.
  4. 4. CANOES
  5. 5. PROOF OF EXPANSION The Austronesian realm consists of Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia and many Pacific islands. First archaeological signs within the Austronesian realm came from Taiwan, from the 4th millennium B.C where they found polished stone tools and distinctive decorated pottery style called Ta-p’en-keng pottery. Within a millennium the Ta-p’en-keng culture reached Taiwan...they found evidence that the culture deprived from it spread further and further from Taiwan.
  6. 6. EVIDENCE Ground stone tools Animal bones Tattooed Lapita type of pottery The Culture Package Crops Domestic pigs
  7. 7. AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES The language family consists of 959 languages, that are divided into four subfamilies. The main subfamily is Malayo-Polynesian, which comprises of 945 of those 959 languages. Before the expansion of Europeans speaking Indo-European languages, Austronesian was the most wide spread language family in the world. Taiwan is homeland to where the languages have been spoken for the most time and have consequently had the longest time to diverge.
  8. 8. AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES Like the appearance of most of the population, the languages are equally homogeneous. Some Austronesian words are borrowed from English: taboo & tattoo are from the Polynesian language, boondocks from Tatalog language of the Philippines and orangutan from Malay. Many of the Indo-European language family languages are very similar...for example the word sheep sounds very similar to one one another: avis, avis, ovis, oveja, ovtsa, owis and oi. Which is Lithuanian, Sanskrit, Latin, Spanish, Russian, Greek and Irish.
  10. 10. WESTERN MALAYO-POLYNESIAN Western Malayo-Polynesian (WMP) is a western subfamily of the Malayo-Polynesian languages. The principle branches of WMP are Borneo-Phillippines, Sunda-Sulawesi, Central Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmaher-West New Guinea and Oceanic. Some of the largest and best known Austronesian languages which include: Llokano, Tagalog, Cebuano, Malay, Acehnese, Toba, Batak, Minangkabu, Sundanese, Javanese, Balinese, Buginese, Makasarese and Malagasy are all Western Malayo-Polynesian.
  12. 12. WORKS CITED 44563/Austronesian-languages/75198/Western- Malayo-Polynesian-WMP ancient.htm