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Teen depression awareness

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These slides depicts all about adolescent depression and its prevalence that widely spreads across our 'little red dot' and worldwide.

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Teen depression awareness

  1. 1. I felt a Funeral, in my Brain, And Mourners to and fro Kept treading - treading - till it seemed That Sense was breaking through – And when they all were seated, A Service, like a Drum - Kept beating - beating - till I thought My mind was going numb -
  2. 2. ADOLESCENT DEPRESSION Done By : A’Fowsh Flora, Amanda Teo, Kanageswari, Zeng quan “More than Sadness, the Invisible Illness”
  3. 3.  staid mental health problem  causes a persistent feeling of despondency  It affects how the teen thinks, feels and behaves  It causes emotional, functional and physical problems.
  4. 4. Depressed Not Depressed This PET scans of the brain indicate low activity in a person suffering from depression compared to someone who is not depressed.
  5. 5. According to World Health Organisation (WHO): Depression is the No. 1 cause disability for youths
  6. 6. “Referral rates for psychiatric help in young persons with depression seem to be increasing over the years,” Associate Professor Leslie Lim Senior Consultant, Department Of Psychiatry, Singapore General Hospital(SGH) & A Member Of The Singhealth Group. “The generation today is under a lot more stress to achieve and do well - not just academically but in their social status, peer groups and family units.” Dr Carol Balhetchet Senior Director For Youth Services At The Singapore Children's Society
  7. 7. Teen Suicides Highest In 15 Years Straits Times Singapore Greatest cause of stress: • Mental Health Issues • Academic Pressure • Relationship Problems At Home And In School • Identity And Belonging Issues • Lowest rate of teen suicide was in 2012. • Overall, there were 106 Teen suicides in 2015, compared with 73 in 2014. Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/teen- suicides-highest-in-15-years-but-overall-rate-falls
  8. 8. Types of depression diagnosed for teens: An Adjustment Disorder Occurs After A Major Life Event. Low Grade, Chronic Depression That Lasts For More Than A Year Most Serious Form Of Depression ADJUSTMENT DISORDER MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER BIPOLAR DISORDER
  9. 9. Depression is the No. 1 cause of disability worldwide Approximately 350 million people from all ages suffer from depression. That is 5% of the world’s population.
  10. 10. How is Adolescent Depression different from Adult Depression ? Adolescent Adult Aggression Lethargy Increase in appetite or weight Decrease in appetite or weight Sleeps too much Sleeps too little Reactive to social environment Social environment plays small role
  11. 11. “Youngsters think that its part of their life, that they doesn’t require any medical attention.” ~ Aloysius ~ “They bottle up their emotions, thinking that its their responsibility to improve their own moods.” ~ Priya ~ “Adolescents tends to attempt suicide, where is the outcomes are unchangeable.” ~ Abner ~ Some Teenagers’ views of Adolescent Depression would be..
  12. 12. Depression Is The Most Common Mental Disorder In Singapore The Average Time Taken To See Help Is At least 4 Years. 59.6% Of Singaporeans Affected Don’t Seek Help 1 In 17 Singaporeans Will Experience Depression At Least Once In Their Lifetime
  13. 13. We did a survey to collate people’s opinions about what adolescent depression is all about. Based on what we concluded: https://goo.gl/forms/ebMQPYkDmSXOLFyM2
  14. 14. What do you know about Depression? 32% : Part Of Our Lives 48% : Temporary Mental Illness 10% : Permanent Mental Illness Have you been through Depression before? 52% : Yes 24% (Red) : I Don’t Know 24% (Yellow) : No Out of 80 responds that we received :
  15. 15. How do you consider depression as? 52% - Mental Ailment 18% (Red) Attitude Issue 18% (Green) Not A Big Issue To Consider 10% Others What do you think is the Extreme action of Depression ? 56% - Commit Suicide 26% - Solitude 10% - Other Specifications
  16. 16. Suicides in Singapore ‘Worrying trend’ - Singapore ranks 48th out of 110 countries in terms of suicide rates as of 2012. - About One-fifth Of The Suicides Were Committed By Teens. Source: http://www.theonlinecitizen.com/2014/06/20/suicides-in-singapore-and-why-we-should-help/
  17. 17. “Depression takes over the mind like sickness”
  18. 18. At the age of 23, he was cut from his football team and sent packing. He found himself living in his parents' small apartment, Battling Depression.
  19. 19. What Is Teen Depression?
  20. 20. Everybody feels sad or blue now and then. But it may be depression if you’re sad most of the time Depression can affect your thoughts, feelings, behavior and overall health.
  21. 21. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression?
  22. 22. What has to be done is to make sure that depression is no longer a taboo topic. When there is no stigma attached, people who need help will come forward. We can help reduce the degradation associated with depression.
  23. 23. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What Are The Symptoms Of Teen Depression?
  24. 24. The changes in the teen‘s may be divided into 2 parts:
  25. 25. Behavioral symptoms  Agitation or restlessness — for example, pacing, hand-wringing or an inability to sit still  Self-harm — for example, cutting, burning, or excessive piercing / tattooing and even commit suicide.  Insomnia or sleeping too much  Use of alcohol or drugs  Tiredness and loss of energy
  26. 26. Emotional Symptoms  Feelings of sadness, which can include crying spells for no apparent reason  Feeling hopeless or empty, Irritable or annoyed mood & Low self-esteem  Frequent thoughts of death, dying/suicide  Fixation on past failures /exaggerated self-blame or self- criticism
  27. 27. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How Prevalent Is Teen Depression In Singapore?
  28. 28. The increase in suicide rates predominantly involved young people. 1 in 7 adolescents show signs on depression. Yet half of people affected by depression are not even seeking any help.
  29. 29. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? What Causes Depression among Adolescents?
  30. 30. Biological Chemistry Hormone s Inherited Traits Early Childhood Trauma Learned patterns of negative thinking
  31. 31. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? What Causes Depression among Adolescents? What Are The Complications For Untreated Depression For Teens?
  32. 32. Alcohol And Drug Abuse Academic Problems Family Conflicts Involvement With The Juvenile Justice System Suicide Relationship Difficulties
  33. 33. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? what are the most common issues that teens get depressed about during their adolescent years? Is Self Injury Related To Depression?
  34. 34. Yes. Self-injury, an act of deliberately harming yourself, through actions like cutting or burning, or even committing suicide can be used as way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration.
  35. 35. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? what are the most common issues that teens get depressed about during their adolescent years? Is Self Injury Related To Depression? What are the warning signs of self injury related to Teen depression?
  36. 36. Unexplained wound or scars Blood stains Sharp objects or cutting instruments Frequent accidents Covering up Needing to be alone for long periods of time Isolation and irritability
  37. 37. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? what are the most common issues that teens get depressed about during their adolescent years? Is self injury related to depression? What Are The Risk Factors/Triggers For Teen Depression?
  38. 38. Genetic Predisposition – a family member has depression Death or illness of friends/family members Difficulties with job or personal relationship Seasonal or hormonal changes Financial difficulties Poor self esteem Addictions
  39. 39. What Is Teen Depression? How Do We Address The Stigma Attached To Teen Depression? What are the symptoms of teen depression? How prevalent is teen depression in Singapore? what are the most common issues that teens get depressed about during their adolescent years? Is self injury related to depression? What are the risk factors/triggers for teen depression? What Are The Treatment Options For Adolescents?
  40. 40. Counselling means talking with a trained professional about thoughts, feelings, actions and relationships and work together to find where problems exist and to learn how to makes changes in, thoughts and behaviors that contribute to depression. Medication effectively treats depression that is severe or disabling..
  41. 41. There are Articles about Teen Depression on Newspaper (Online) being released: The Straits Times: “Rising trend of self-harm among the young” The New Paper: “Teens, don’t suffer alone: get help for handling problems like stress, depression.” The New Paper: “Ways to thwart teen suicide reviewed” The New Paper: “More Vulnerable teens as stress levels increase”
  42. 42. Online articles (Extracted from Facebook).. Mental changes in adolescence and teen depression http://blog.questia.com/ TEEN DEPRESSION: A CULTURE OF SILENCE http://www.chimeforchang e.org/ Case Of The Blues Or Teen Depression? Know The Signs http://www.huffingtonp ost.ca/ Social Media Cyber Bullying Linked to Teen Depression http://www.scientificamerican.com/
  43. 43. And Even Blogs ! The Huffington Post This is what teen depression looks like http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elise- jamison/this-is-what-depression- l_b_6830810.html A START Adolescents and Depressions http://www.astartforteens.org/graphic- arts-blog-adolescents-and-depression Life Teen I am not Depression http://lifeteen.com/blog/i-am-not- depression/
  44. 44. Physically or verbally aggressive Finds it harder to stay on task. Mentally confused. Expresses inappropriate guilt, worthlessness, failure Has a preoccupation with self; is withdrawn Incidents of self-injury. Ideas of killing self
  45. 45. Singapore Counselling Centre +65 6339 5411 http://scc.sg/eng/index.php /depression/ 9 Penang Road, Singapore 238459 Institute Of Mental Health 6389 2000 https://www.imh.com.sg/w ellness/page.aspx?id=554 Buangkok Green Medical Park 10 Buangkok View Singapore 539747 SOS (Samaritans Of Singapore) 1800-221-4444 https://sos.org.sg/ Block 10 Cantonment Close #01-01 (HDB Multi- storey carpark) Singapore 080010 Family Counselling Service (Family Life Society) 6488-0278 https://app.msf.gov.sg/Polici es/Strong-and-Stable- Families/Supporting- Families/Family-Service- Centres 512 thomson road #10-00 msf building s(298136) Adolescents who require help to snap out of their Depression state, can seek help at the following centers/institutions. They are professionally trained to help youngsters deal with their emotional issues.
  46. 46. INFERENCE The fact that there are many “walking wounded” amongst us, should spur us to act, to do something, especially if we know them personally. Identifying persons at risk of suicide is an important first step that all of us can do, so that adequate help can be offered to the person, and for us to save one more life.
  47. 47. ‘Depression can be fatal, but so is silence.’

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