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Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)
         Technology
         PEAS Farm

  University of Montana, Missoula
PEAS Farm
  Program in Ecological and Agricultural Society
SVO Feasibility
• Vision

• Primary focus of study (process)
3 tractors

• Petroleum diesel: Clark Fork Organics
• B-20: River Road Garden
• SVO: Elsbett conversion system

 Dynamometer (Dyno-testing)
Common Problems with SVO

• Not a lot of information available
• Engine conversion obstacles
• Viscosity

• Injectors: atomization
• Glazing, coking and gumming
• Engine damage
SVO Conversion
• Advantages
  –   Farm self-sufficiency
  –   Carbon neutral
  –   No harmful chemicals
  –   No wasteful byproducts



  – Advance the potential knowledge-base of
    options for small-scale farmers in Montana
Elsbett single tank conversion
• Replacement injector nozzles
• Replacement glow-plugs
• Electrical heat band
• Electrical relays designed for glow-plugs and filter
  heater
• Coolant-powered heat exchanger serves as
  secondary heat source from radiator
• Replacement hoses
Kubota Fuel Cycle
Elsbett fuel cycle
Basic Wiring Diagram
Elsbett fuel cycle
Hard Starting
• Dynamometer Test (drop in horsepower)


• If any of the tractors were to experience a significant
  decrease in horsepower that can’t be remedied through
  routine maintenance, the engine will have to be broken
  down and examined more closely. The injectors,
  cylinders, and heads will have to be examined to determine
  what might have caused the loss in horsepower.
Dynamometer Testing: SVO Kubota Tractor
Fuel Theory

• Viscosity theory

• Glow plugs as an indicator

• Fuel chemistry
Future of SVO Project
• Finish season

• Tear down the engine if necessary
  – Oil analysis


• Analysis of engine wear

• Use a new fuel next year
Collaboration
• NCAT
• PEAS - River Road Garden - Clarkfork
  Organics
• EVST
• UM COT
• Kubota Tractor
• Steve Nelson
• And countless others in and beyond the
  Missoula community
Questions
• Contact info:
  – Derek Kanwischer dhkanwischer@gmail.com
     • EVST Graduate Studies
  – Ruston Mitchell jamilia618@hotmail.com
     • EVST/Chemistry Studies
  – Josh Slotnick joshua.slotnick@mso.umt.edu
     • EVST Faculty/PEAS Program Director
  – Steve Nelson tritium100@hotmail.com
     • Technical/Chemistry Consultant
Problems

• Elsbett glow plugs
  – (2.5 mm longer)


• Elsbett Fuel specifications
Problems

• Elsbett Fuel specifications

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Straight Vegetable Oil Fuel Technology - University of Montana

  • 1. Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) Technology PEAS Farm University of Montana, Missoula
  • 2.
  • 3. PEAS Farm Program in Ecological and Agricultural Society
  • 4. SVO Feasibility • Vision • Primary focus of study (process)
  • 5. 3 tractors • Petroleum diesel: Clark Fork Organics • B-20: River Road Garden • SVO: Elsbett conversion system Dynamometer (Dyno-testing)
  • 6. Common Problems with SVO • Not a lot of information available • Engine conversion obstacles • Viscosity • Injectors: atomization • Glazing, coking and gumming • Engine damage
  • 7. SVO Conversion • Advantages – Farm self-sufficiency – Carbon neutral – No harmful chemicals – No wasteful byproducts – Advance the potential knowledge-base of options for small-scale farmers in Montana
  • 8. Elsbett single tank conversion • Replacement injector nozzles • Replacement glow-plugs • Electrical heat band • Electrical relays designed for glow-plugs and filter heater • Coolant-powered heat exchanger serves as secondary heat source from radiator • Replacement hoses
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Hard Starting • Dynamometer Test (drop in horsepower) • If any of the tractors were to experience a significant decrease in horsepower that can’t be remedied through routine maintenance, the engine will have to be broken down and examined more closely. The injectors, cylinders, and heads will have to be examined to determine what might have caused the loss in horsepower.
  • 19.
  • 20. Dynamometer Testing: SVO Kubota Tractor
  • 21.
  • 22. Fuel Theory • Viscosity theory • Glow plugs as an indicator • Fuel chemistry
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. Future of SVO Project • Finish season • Tear down the engine if necessary – Oil analysis • Analysis of engine wear • Use a new fuel next year
  • 26. Collaboration • NCAT • PEAS - River Road Garden - Clarkfork Organics • EVST • UM COT • Kubota Tractor • Steve Nelson • And countless others in and beyond the Missoula community
  • 27. Questions • Contact info: – Derek Kanwischer dhkanwischer@gmail.com • EVST Graduate Studies – Ruston Mitchell jamilia618@hotmail.com • EVST/Chemistry Studies – Josh Slotnick joshua.slotnick@mso.umt.edu • EVST Faculty/PEAS Program Director – Steve Nelson tritium100@hotmail.com • Technical/Chemistry Consultant
  • 28. Problems • Elsbett glow plugs – (2.5 mm longer) • Elsbett Fuel specifications
  • 29. Problems • Elsbett Fuel specifications